History 25/01/20 Death of the USSR Prosecutor at the trial of the Nazis: what were the questions
may 23, 1946 at the hotel of the city of Nuremberg, located in the American zone of occupation in Germany, was found dead Soviet Prosecutor Nikolay dawns. The death of assistant chief Prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials caused a lot of issues. Was it suicide, accident or murder is still not installed.
the Pupil of the orphanage, Nikolai Zorya, before the war made a career in the Prosecutor’s office, having passed a way from the investigator to the district Deputy Prosecutor of the USSR Andrey Vyshinsky (perhaps through personal acquaintance with the latter). In 1939, when the NKVD chief Lavrenty Beria began a “cleansing” in the internal Affairs bodies, Zor could be subjected to reprisals for what drew attention to the ugly facts of the Great terror. Saved his recruitment. Dawn participated in the Winter war with Finland, and then freed from the Nazis Stalingrad, Crimea, Belarus. In late 1945, the state Advisor of class III received the appointment of assistant Prosecutor General of the USSR – he had to defend the Soviet position in the trial of Nazi war criminals.
the day of the death of the Prosecutor found lying on the bed, in his temple was round the wound. The police of Nuremberg, who examined the corpse, made a preliminary conclusion that the last post was shot while he slept. But the investigation of the incident, the Germans were not admitted. According to the official Soviet version, the Prosecutor accidentally pulled the trigger while cleaning the gun, however, the family was informed that a lawyer has committed suicide. More reasonable, many historians believe the theory that dawn was killed for being too “independent.”
Questions about Katyn
By order of the Prosecutor General in July 1946 Nicholas Zor had to read the official position of the USSR in the Katyn case. In shot 15 thousand Polish officers the Russians accusedhad the Germans and the international Tribunal was supposed to fix this point on this tragedy. However, counsel for Hermann Goering protested and demanded another hearing in the case of Katyn.
to prepare For the debate Nikolay Zorya familiarized with papers of the Soviet investigation, many of which were falsified. A version, based on the testimony of false witnesses, was in that camp with Polish prisoners of war near Smolensk fell to the Germans, who shot the poles in the autumn of 1941. Examining the Katyn documents, Nikolay Zorya appealed to the Prosecutor General Konstantin Gorshenin with a request to let him go to Moscow. Already confronted with the practice of falsification Affairs during the repression of 1937, he recognized the same “handwriting” of the NKVD in the securities of the Burdenko Commission. On this occasion, dawn had intended to share their thoughts with Andrew Wyszynski.
Questions about the beginning of the war
Another reason for the murder of dawns could be mistakes committed by them at the Nuremberg trials. In particular, during the interrogation of field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, the Prosecutor inappropriately focused on the fact that the Red Army in 1941 was bombed Hungary and Finland. The event data that triggered the entry into the war, Hitler’s allies, are ambiguously interpreted by historians. There is a version that is a defensive war Stalin had intended to conduct offensive and these plans were not timely adjusted.
And on may 22, the day before death dawns, Joachim Ribbentrop publicly announced the details of Soviet-German secret Protocol to the nonaggression Pact, including the paragraphs on the division of Eastern Europe. Nikolay Zorya did not interfere with Ribbentrop to do it, but even sent Stalin got into his hands a copy of the secret Protocol, without asking for permission from your directly to the head of the chief Prosecutor of the USSR, Roman Rudenko.
exactly Who initiative to eliminate “inconvenient” of a lawyer, there is no accurate data. However, it is known that according to the orders received from the Secretariatthat Stalin, dawns body was buried in Nuremberg, and a year removed from the grave and cremated. It is noteworthy that the son of the Prosecutor, Yuri Zoria, in the era of perestroika was involved in the new investigation of the Katyn tragedy, the results of which the Soviet Union officially admitted that the poles murdered by the NKVD.
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