One Of them has managed to the Fridays-for-Future-movement with Greta Thunberg at the top: Germany discussed about the energy transition. The Chancellor supported the student protests; CDU-Boss Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer warns that you must “do in terms of climate, much more”; and the SPD chair Andrea Nahles is calling out to the year 2019, even the “climate year”.
show only the events of this week, as procedure is the energy-political situation currently in Germany and Europe. In Berlin, a working group should develop concrete measures for more climate protection in the transport fell apart after 17 hours of continuous lecturing, without concrete results. And in Strasbourg the European Parliament adopted after years of negotiations, a several Hundred pages thick package of legislation with the telling name of the Clean Energy Package, which could worsen the European CO2-balance under certain circumstances.
With the German pioneering role in climate protection, it is far. Although Germany has made with its lucrative green energy levy to ensure that Renewable energy is technically spectacular, but also worldwide. However, almost 20 years after the introduction of the Renewable-energies-act, eight years after Fukushima and the German nuclear phase-out, the balance sheet is sobering. Germany missed its climate change targets. Instead of cutting CO2 emissions by 2020 compared to 1990 to 40 percent, we can make only 32 percent.
What’s the problem? Three areas of debate:
Summary: electricity and power networks, transport and buildings climate protection law and climate Cabinet
power and electricity networks
there’s No question that In the past few years, the German electricity mix has become increasingly green. are currently the focus of Last summer, the green electricity share was for the first time in more than 40 percent. But the Boom is slowing. In the past year, 740 new wind turbines were connected to the grid in the previous year, there were more than twice as many.
The best plots for Wind farms and solar parks are to be awarded. Because of citizen protest, many municipalities are reluctant to new locations. But especially the lucrative promotion of green energy was abolished and instead, a bidding model is introduced. Investors must now apply for projects, the cheapest bidder gets the contract. The model discourages investors seemingly still.
in Addition, Germany still hangs in the carbon, climate-harmful energy sources. More than every third kilowatt-hour comes from a coal-fired power plant. Although the coal Commission recommends that, in the year 2038, the last coal-fired power plant in Germany is to be switched off, but how is it concretely implemented remains to be seen. Gas-fired power plants and Renewable will take over the power supply, if coal and nuclear power are eliminated. But so far, the huge amounts of wind power from the North and solar power from the South can not be distributed sufficiently in the country. About 5,900 km of high voltage lines would be needed – but it is only 250 kilometers are yet to be built, it shall inform the Federal Ministry of economic Affairs. The three major North-South routes are still in planning. The current highway SuedLink, which will be laid for the first Time in the history of Germany completely as an underground cable, not to be 2025 finished, but so far, the final route is still to be determined.
1/9, The Berlin Luisenstraße colorful: Close to the Federal Ministry of Economics and the Charité have gathered on Friday morning again thousands of students to protests against the climate crisis. © Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters 2/9 adults Also supported the vociferous Protest of the young people. © Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters 3/9, Many students brought their self-designed posters. © Kay Nietfeld/dpa 4/9 At noon, the 16-year-old climate protection activist Greta Thunberg language in front of the Brandenburg gate to the young people. On Saturday the Swede in Berlin should receive the special award for climate protection with the award of the Golden camera. © Tobias Schwarz/AFP/ 5/9 In the case of the protests also present: Luisa Neubauer, the face of the German movement. © Tobias Schwarz/AFP/ 6/9 Neubauer and Thunberg burns together in Berlin’s invaliden Park © Tobias Schwarz/AFP/ 7/9 “Our house”: According to police, about 10,000 people gathered for the protests. © Tobias Schwarz/AFP/ 8/9 your origin, and Fridays For Future in Sweden. In the meantime, it has become a global movement. For months, students are calling for in Germany, too, every Friday, more Engagement of politicians for the protection of the climate. © Michael Kappeler/dpa 9/9 parents and younger children came to the Protest. © Kay Nietfeld/dpa
the importance of a rapid Carbon phase-also would be for the European climate balance, shows at the Clean Energy Package. It should make the energy market within the EU, more environmentally friendly and more flexible – for example, by the quantities of electricity that can be exported. However, because Germany, because of its high proportion of coal electricity in Europe on average, the cheapest electricity prices, could hold up to the climate-damaging coal electricity from Germany and increasingly abroad. The European emissions could increase overall.
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transport and buildings
climate activists, particularly in the transport sector. To him more than 18 percent of the CO2-emissions of Germany – and they are rising instead of falling, among other things, because more and more heavy cars with more powerful engines on German roads. The goal of the Federal government that in the coming year, a Million electric cars in Germany will be on the road, not to reach. So far, there are just as many as 83,000 – and their carbon footprint is bad, as long as you go with the conventional electricity mix.
At the same time the EU tightened the requirements: At the beginning of the week the EU Parliament decided that new cars have to launch by 2030, 37.5 percent less CO2 than in the year 2021. The Federal government had argued, out of concern for the auto industry, only 30 per cent.
In the renovation of houses, the situation is even more complicated. Buildings account for around a third of CO2 emissions. Who restored you, and better insulates, it saves energy and thus carbon dioxide. For the past eight years, such a renovation of original features includ can not agree with the policy but, to promote a gene control. In the recent Federal budget, the government provides no money for it – even though the coalition agreement provides for the. So far, the promotion has failed, especially on the resistance of the länder. They fear loss of tax revenue.
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climate protection law and climate Cabinet
10. April is days, the climate Cabinet for the first Time. In addition to the Chancellor, the Ministers belong to the body interior and the Minister for the environment, transport, Finance, agriculture and construction. The job description of the new body is ambitious. There should be laws for the climate to develop protection – if, however, an own climate protection law, such as the Federal environment Minister, Svenja Schulze (SPD) is planning it, is still unclear.
The Cabinet has a key position. In the best case, it brings together all of the turnaround in energy policy issues, and formulated in a legally binding savings paths. How, for instance, can guarantee that Renewables grow fast enough to allow the Coal phase-in 2038? Or that the emissions in transport, in agriculture and in the building sector?
A climate protection law would be a novelty. So far, there is only a legally non-binding, three-year-old climate action plan. Minister Schulze had presented at the end of February a draft law. Your proposal that each Ministry should pay out of his own budget penalties if it misses targets, the own climate, however, ran into great resistance. Especially, the ministries of transport, building and agriculture are alarmed. Do not create your goals for the reduction of Germany CO2 buy pollution rights in a foreign country – and if Schulze, will have to pay each of the departments.
Certainly is spoken in the climate Cabinet is also a CO2 tax, the climate would increase the price of harmful energy sources such as gasoline or coal. Without a social balance, in the Form of a tax refund, would that bother you but just people with low income, for example, are dependent on the car, above average. Energy – and climate scientists from the tax have been demanding for a long time. Whether she has political opportunities, but is currently completely open.
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