Nikolai Vatutin and other Soviet commanders who died at the front

History 25/01/20 Nikolai Vatutin and other Soviet commanders who died at the front,

Mikhail Petrovich Kirponos in the army, drafted in 1915, he participated in the Finnish Civil war. 21 March 1940 he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. In 1941, at the rank of Colonel assumed command of the Kiev military district, transformed to the South-Western front. After the encirclement of troops of the front in the district of Kiev, 20 September 1941, leaving the environment, Kirponos was killed. The exact circumstances of the death are still unknown.

Mikhail Petrovich Petrov in the red army since 1918. Fought in the Civil war, participated in the civil war in Spain. In 1937 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. In the beginning of the great Patriotic war, commanded the 17th mechanized corps. In August 1941 he became commander of the 50th army in the battle of Bryansk were surrounded. In October was appointed commander of the Bryansk front, but on 10 October 1941 at the exit from the encirclement was seriously injured and died.

Mikhail Grigoryevich Yefremov came to the front in 1916 as an ensign. The civil war ended with the corps commander. The beginning of the great Patriotic war 1-St Deputy inspector-General of infantry of the red Army, with the rank of Lieutenant General. Was the commander of the 21st army of Central front, Deputy commander of the Bryansk front, the 10 army. October 25, headed by the 33rd army, participated in the defense of Moscow. In the Rzhev-Vyazma operation 33 army broke through the German front, were surrounded. 19 April 1942 Efremov shot himself to avoid capture.

Kuzma Petrovich Podlas in military service since 1914. During the Civil war he commanded a company, battle, regiment. He commanded the 1st army in the battles at lake Khasan. By the beginning of the great Patriotic war in the rank of Colonel, he was Deputy commander of the Kiev military district. Later Lieutenant-General, commanded the 40th and 57th armies. During the fighting at Kharkov.tion, in 1942, was the army surrounded. May 25, leaving the environment, General Podlas died. Exact data about the circumstances of the death not. According to some sources, died in battle, according to other sources shot himself in order not to be captured.

Fyodor Yakovlevich Kostenko fought in the First World war, then participated in the Civil war. The great Patriotic war began with the rank of Lieutenant General, he commanded the 26th army. Later appointed Deputy commander of the newly formed South-Western front. In December 1941 the commander of the southwestern front, from April 1942 again demoted to Deputy. During the summer offensive at Kharkov on may 26, 1942, was missing. The remains were only discovered in 2017.

Philip A. Archakov in the army in 1914, fought in the first world and Civil. Before the great Patriotic war he commanded the Ural district, in early June he headed formed in the area 22 army. In September he took command of the 20th army. The army was encircled in the area of Vyazma, General Arsakov was captured on 2 November. Died in a concentration camp on 9 June 1942.

Ivan Bogdanov joined the army in 1916 in the first world was a non-commissioned officer. Participated in the civil war. From 1939 he headed the border troops of Belarus. In the summer of 1941 in the rank of Lieutenant-General led the front army reserve in November — the commander of the 39th army reserve. Since December, the Deputy commander of the 39th army. When the army was surrounded and wounded evacuated by army commander, took command. When you break out of the encirclement on July 16 were seriously injured and 22 July 1942, died.

Iosif Rodionovich Apanasenko drafted into the army in 1911, the first world awarded three St. George crosses and two St. George medals. During the civil war he commanded a brigade and a division. At the beginning of the great Patriotic war in the rank of army General was commander of the far Eastern front. In June 1943 was able to get into the army for the post of Deputy commander Inreiskin front. August 5, 1943, was killed by shrapnel during an air RAID.

Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin in 1920 was drafted into the Red Army. In 1941, the 1st Deputy chief of the General staff. He held the position of chief of staff of the northwestern front and the commander of the southwestern front. He commanded the Voronezh front in the battle of Kursk and the Dnieper crossing. February 29, 1944 General of the army Vatutin was ambushed and he received a severe wound from which he died 15 APR. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded in 1965.

Ivan Danilovich Chernyakhovsky in 1924 he became a student of the Odessa infantry school. The great Patriotic war began, the commander of the 28th tank division. He commanded the 18th tank corps and the 60th army. 17 Oct 1943 promoted to the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union for forcing the Dnieper. From April 1944 commanded the 3rd Belorussian front. July 29 received the second star of the Hero for the liberation of Vitebsk, Minsk and Vilnius. 18 February 1945 in East Prussia, is mortally wounded by a shell fragment and on the same day he died.

Cyril Shishkin

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