The project "Terra-3", held on official documents as an Object 2505, was initiated in 1966. Two years before that, the Soviet physicists N. G. Basov and O. N. Krokhin put forward the idea of using a powerful laser beam to destroy ballistic missiles. To solve the problem was organized CDB "Ray" and brought the best minds in the Soviet Union.
In 1926 Nicholas Roerich brought back from his Asian expedition message of the Himalayan sages, who were called Mahatmas. From Sanskrit, the ancient literary language of India, this word is translated as "great soul". The message of Himalayan admired the achievements of the Bolsheviks and predicted more great things.
In the 1960-1970-ies the so-called "Zagorsk experiment" was widely reported in the media. And no wonder: for those years, it was a quite unique experience of deaf-blind children. However, despite the fact that the experiment was a success, the organizers repeatedly subjected to harsh criticism.
Over the past two centuries in the production of military weapons, the tendency to reduce caliber. It is obvious to all that to create the perfect weapon is impossible, so the designers are trying to make a rifle that will surpass all analogs. In 1974 the Soviet army was a momentous event, it has been adopted the AK-74, which used the 5.45 mm. Scepticism about this was quite unhealthy, and it is so entrenched that until now, some say that the 7.62 mm was better. All specifications in this article taken from “Something of a recent upsurge in the CIS. Handbook of small arms” by Alexander Bogolyubov.
The legendary Brest fortress during the great Patriotic war was right on the shore of the bug river which was the border between the USSR and Germany. In the event of war part of the fortress in the fighting was inevitable. The Germans had to attack, though outdated, but still powerful Russian rock twice.
The recent debate between Russian politicians and journalist of the newspaper Die Welt, the "doubters" in the Russian victory in the tank battle at Prokhorovka, once again drew attention to the immortal heroism of the tankers of the red Army. For 4 years in battles with Hitler's "Tigers" and "Panthers" was lost about 117 thousand Soviet tanks. And the crew, in accordance with the Charter, defended each of armored vehicles to the last.
In the present Ukraine along with Stepan Bandera a "founding father" of statehood is considered "left-nationalist" Simon Petlyura. However, outside the Square the name of the chieftain is often associated with the bloody atrocities in retribution for the Petliura was assassinated a few years after the Civil war.
Beautiful Ludmila Babkova, which has gained immense popularity in the German cinema, did not leave indifferent even Hitler. However, the fact that Babkova wanted to take the Joseph Goebbels of the family, the Fuehrer will not forgive her. The actress was in disgrace, and after the war she did threatened death sentence for the relationship with the Nazis.
One form of Nazi policies of genocide and scorched-earth on occupied Soviet territory was the destruction of settlements, most often with their inhabitants. In the book "the Destruction of towns and villages in Europe during the Second world war" edited by V. I. Zabarovsky we can read that around the USSR, the Germans destroyed 1710 cities and more than 70 thousand villages and villages. Only a few of them managed to rise from the ashes.
It is well known that the Supreme leadership of the USSR due to foreign intelligence was aware of the plans of Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union. However, the role of our agents embedded in the higher echelons of power in Germany, is still heavily mythologized.
There is only one direct evidence of this kind. However, it belongs to the time when the Third Reich at all desire could not defeat the Soviet Union.
The battle of Kursk was the battle in which was "finally broken the backbone" of Nazi Germany. After the summer of 1943 the Wehrmacht forever lost the initiative and never undertake major offensive operations. For the Kursk-Orel arc German generals and industry mobilized all the best that they had. Total mobilization, "Tigers", "Panthers" and "Ferdinand" are here put Hitler on it.[C-BLOCK]
The issue of reparations following the Second world war, even decades later left for Germany, one of the painful topics. No-no and will remind some of the"winners" of their claims to Berlin. Most about and were not compensated for the damage they say in Poland, in 2018, to such claimants were suddenly joined by Greece. And if Germany has the USSR?
Soviet historiography interpreted the uprising led by Yemelyan Pugachev as a peasant war and fit it into the logic of the class struggle. Then look at the events became more voluminous and ambiguous, and in recent times be willing at all to explain the uprising to the machinations of the unfriendly Russian special services.
In 2016 at Zakharyevskaya St. Petersburg was installed a memorial plaque to Lieutenant General of the Russian army, Gustav Karlovich Mannerheim. The Board was subjected to acts of vandalism, some activists, representing, in their words, "the citizens" have filed lawsuits in the courts that led to the removal of the Board and moving it in Tsarskoye Selo. The main argument of the activists was that Mannerheim was guilty in the blockade of the city, the destruction of the civilian population of Leningrad, and any mention of it in St. Petersburg are blasphemy. However, no polls and surveys of residents were conducted, a sociological study on the contrary showed that most of the residents don't mind. And even in 2007 for the 140th anniversary of Mannerheim in Shpalernaya street there is a bust of "the Imperial guards Mannerheim" and opened an exhibition about his life.
Still Theodor Morell remains one of the most enigmatic figures in history. It was he, according to many historians, "prescribed" Hitler daily doses of drugs and vitamins, which in the end led to the depletion of the body of the Fuhrer. Researchers to this day argue about who was the personal physician of Hitler: the secret agent of British intelligence, or an accomplice of the Nazi conspirators.
In tests conducted in 1942 by order of the state Committee of defense, it became clear that the Soviet soldier's helmet is more bullet-proof in comparison with German trophies. However, contrary to the Statute, wore it not all red. Perhaps common in the army "contempt" to protective hat became one of the reasons higher than that of the Nazis, the loss of the red army in the great Patriotic war.
Ivan Susloparov forever remain in history as the head of the Soviet military mission, signed the act of surrender of Germany. This event took place in the French Reims 7 may 1945. However, before you put your signature on the document, the General sent the text of the act in Moscow. Without waiting for a response, Susloparov made the decision on their own. Then Ivan received the news that Stalin forbade to sign the surrender.
The name of the legendary Comandante of the Cuban revolution Ernesto Che Guevara is known even to those who are not interested in history. His image is firmly entrenched in popular culture, his portraits meet t-shirts, mugs and smartphone cases. But few have heard another name. The girl's name of Russian-German origin EIDE-Tamara Bunkyo Bider nicknamed Tanya-partisan. But it was not only the right hand of the famous Latin American freedom fighter, but his last love.
Many historians believe that the real head of the emergency Committee was Vladimir Kryuchkov. However, the nominal head of the Committee still was Gennady Yanayev, who assumed the duties of President. Subsequently, he along with his associates was arrested. Despite the early release, career of Gennady Ivanovich was over.
War is war, and lunch schedule. That's just not every lunch caused the Soviet soldiers, increased salivation. In the soldiers ' canteen menu often includes dishes that are literally stuffed mouth.
Ethnic Germans, along with representatives of other peoples of the USSR as the great Patriotic war joined the ranks of the red Army. But very soon, the party leadership decided that Soviet Germans have no place on the battlefield. He was prepared for other, less severe fate.[C-BLOCK]
Territorial disputes between Russia and Japan over the Far East, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands have repeatedly led to armed clashes. Suffice it to recall the war of 1904-1905, the Japanese intervention troops after the October revolution, and the Alliance of Japan with Nazi Germany. As no confrontation between the two States is never complete without mutual espionage, during WWII the Japanese tried to recruit Russian in his exploration in a variety of ways, including through film.
During the stay of the combat units of the Soviet armed forces in Afghanistan in the 70s-80s years of the so-called "Muslim battalion" had acted from the beginning of this campaign until the conclusion of the limited contingent of Soviet troops from the DRA.
Unofficially, 1942 is considered in the history of the great Patriotic war training, and the most bloody "lesson" of this period was offensive at Kharkov, which has led to disaster.
If the young Joseph Stalin was not interested in revolutionary ideas, he would have taken Holy orders. But this, as we know, did not happen. In may 1899, the future "father of Nations" left the Orthodox Tiflis theological Seminary, having studied it for over 4 years. What was the reason for the expulsion of the seminarian Dzhugashvili?
Kurt Hohoff fought in France, Poland and the Soviet Union. Remembering the time shortly before June 22, 1941, he wrote about himself and his colleagues: "deep down we were hoping that Russia will remain our friend." But still almost everyone was convinced the Wehrmacht will be able to defeat Russia, as it was with Western Europe. Hohoff kept a journal of his company and wrote everything down in their notebooks. His diary is valuable because it reflects the thoughts and feelings of those moments of the war, when it was still unknown how it will end.
The power of the Germans on the composition of products is not much different from the Soviets. In the German army the supply was good, especially in the first two years of the war. In rations included bread (or even biscuits), meat (at least 136 g / day), sometimes sausage, fish, cheese, preserves, butter, chocolate, biscuits, marmalade and candies, dried fruits, fruits and vegetables, potatoes, herbs, tea and coffee, wines and liqueurs (often from conquered France and the Union of Italy), cigars and cigarettes and other products, up to delicacies, especially for officers. Of course, had this not all at once, but these foods regularly given to soldiers of the Wehrmacht. For the troops was constantly following field kitchen (Gulaschkanone they were called), which prepared hot food.
Their nicknames, which gave their people, and were famous even the Soviet General secretaries, to say nothing of the generals. "Second names" could boast of marshals Zhukov, Rokossovsky, Tukhachevsky, Konev, Timoshenko. However, not all nicknames are characterized by commanders on the positive side.
From the top of Nazi Germany, only Adolf Hitler had not started a family. The rest of the Third Reich bosses had wives and children after the war whose fate has developed differently. Some of them believed their parents murderers and villains, while others tried to find excuses to their crimes.