History 17/02/20 escape from the “Sobibor”: how the Soviet prisoners raised a revolt in the camp
Only the Sobibor death camp located in Poland, were killed about 250 thousand prisoners. Soviet soldier Alexander Pechersky was also to add to this sad list. But he wants to keep on going. In 1943, he raised the Sobibor uprising, which ended only in the history of the war the successful mass escape of prisoners.
Alexander Aronovich Pechersky went to the front on the first day of the war – June 22 1941. In the same year he was captured. I tried to run. But the plan failed. Later, the Nazis learned about the Jewish origins of the Soviet officer locked him in the basement. He is there in the darkness spent a long 10 days.
In 1942, Pechersky was sent to the Minsk work camp, and next 1943 he was sent back where not nourish in the Polish concentration camp Sobibor. Thought it was the end. But not for Alexander.
Escape from Sobibor
Alexander Pechersky knew that to leave the concentration camp is necessary for all prisoners simultaneously. Otherwise, even the most perfect plan of escape was doomed to failure. Happiness of the caves, except for him to Sobibor were sent several hundred soldiers of the red Army, in face of which the inspirer and found support. However, 130 people chose to stay in a concentration camp, where he was destroyed.
14 October 1943, 420 Alexander and his companions managed to eliminate 12 staff members of the camp administration. In order not to make noise, one of the Nazis lured the warehouse supposed to try on new clothes, and there killed them. According to the plan Sashko, affectionately called Pechersk his companions, it was necessary to grab a room with a gun. However, to do this, the fugitives did not. The guard raised the alarm.
After the escape
At the rebels opened fire, resulting chegabout eight dozen prisoners were killed. The other tried to escape to the surrounding forests and villages. 170 people were caught later. Many of them surrendered to the Germans by local residents. It is clear that no one discovered the fugitives alive left.
Alexander Pechersky and 8 of his companions made it safely to Belarus, where he joined one of the guerrilla groups. However, after the arrival of the troops of the red Army, Pechersky for a stay in a Nazi prisoner sent to a penal battalion. But there Sashko did not lose optimism and with honor fought until Victory.
Instead of a reward blame
after the war, Pechersky returned to his native city of Rostov-on-don, where he got a job in a factory. He married. The couple had a daughter. There in Rostov Alexander Aronovich and died in January 1990.
In the USSR the unique act of the caves no one appreciated. On the contrary, prisoners and rebellion, he organized in Sobibor, remained a stigma on his career. Because of this, he even lost his job.
After the Soviet collapse of the caves again not given any awards for his heroic act. Only 11 years ago in the building where he lived, Alexander Aronovich, established a memorial Board.
© Russian Seven
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