As the Soviet peasants in the occupation belonged to the partisans

History 05/02/20 As the Soviet peasants in the occupation belonged to the guerrillas

During the great Patriotic war, the guerrilla movement had spread to almost the entire country. However, in this regard, it should be noted the territory of the Bryansk region. Apparently, dense forests contributed to this kind of fight the invaders.

the Germans took Bryansk in October 1941. It happened so fast that many residents did not evacuate. A quick capture of the city affected the sentiments of the townspeople, among them began to spread skepticism about government and the red Army. Those who refused to accept the new order of things and wanted to survive, began to organize small groups. Writes active member of the underground struggle, Vladimir Andreev, members of the guerrilla groups was almost equal, was not a strict military hierarchy: allocated, except that, commander.

the First conflict

In the first months of the war the relations between the guerrillas and the local population was good. But in the spring of 1942, when stocks had gone into the woods almost exhausted everything changed not for the better. The German command was careful to guard objects in the rear and more to combat the guerrillas, and also organized work to create controlled by the police. Proper security of warehouses and paths have reduced the chance to get a captured German food. While in “foreign” areas, members of the guerrilla movement to survive (“to live in plenty”), began to resort to robbery and used force in the course of communication with the village. This has led to numerous conflicts. So, in Trubchevsk woodland area “the Avengers” was selected from the population of 20 cows. Some of the guerrillas also severely punish the collaborators. For example, the unit Saburov shot the whole family of the teacher, which served as an informant for the Germans. The guerrillas thus took revenge on the Nazis for their public executions. Interestingly, they often shared property RAstrelyany between local, distributed seed. However, it should be noted that not all convicted of collaboration with the Germans, were punished — it all depended on the circumstances and the overall decisions of the team.

Clashes between groups

Soldiers who were the backbone of the formation of Voroshilov, kept strict discipline and practiced executions of looters. But did not all of their colleagues. “Voroshilovsky” reported that a detachment of the Local district conducts anti-Soviet agitation. “Trotanoy”, for example, even welcomed polygamous relations, so-called field polygamy. At the head of the guerrilla units could be fists, and not the Communists.

an Interesting fact that in 1942-1943 hundreds of citizens moved from Partizan to the police or back. Each of them had a personal motivation, remembering old grievances. We can say that the brink of moral evaluation of treachery and cowardice were blurred, and the transition is not considered something shameful. In addition, the Germans were actively campaigning: for example, the policemen were offered an additional supply of eggs, milk, butter (again, confiscated from the villagers). Germany also decided to transfer the people’s liberation army of Lokotskogo district of Bryansk to Belarus in order to avoid defections.

so local residents for several years, being between two fires – partisans with their requirements and the Germans, with policemen, had been facing a difficult choice. For cooperation with any of the parties, they and their families could lose their life. Surprisingly, ordinary people in most cases did not lose their honor and dignity.

Ivan Komarnicki

© Russian Seven

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