Crime 25/11/19 As youth gangs made Kazan the most dangerous city in the USSR
After the TV series “Gangster Petersburg” Northern capital had gained a reputation as “the criminal capital of Russia”, although in the same nineties in Yekaterinburg, for example, things were happening much more serious.
in Recent years, the Soviet Union became notorious for rampant organized crime, which have become symbols of Kazan and Ulan-Ude.
so in the late seventies and early eighties, Soviet criminologists have described the situation in the capital of Tatarstan.
One of the most powerful organized crime groups in the Soviet Union became Kazan “Hadi Taktash”, named according to the name of the street where it was based. A years active: 1982 – 2002. At the beginning of the Foundation of the gang were teenagers, led by a previously convicted Kazan. Starting with the robbery of passers-by and fights with other youth gangs, “Hadi Taktash” grew into a criminal syndicate.
In the early 90s, the gang tried to organize in Moscow, but its emissaries were killed. Within the gang, there were two movements – “old” and “young”. The first advocated the traditional concept, the other wanted to extend its influence over the economy, politics and other spheres of life. Gradually the “young” took over and thin out the ranks of the “old men”. Law enforcement authorities long time could not gather material on the band – there were no witnesses, and if anyone dared to testify, he was beaten to death, after which he “went into denial”. Blunt has sent to the light.
the More well-known and violent group was the “teplokontrol”, better known as “Anyhow”. The gang had a kind of ideology, according to which only its members was considered by the people, for the rest it was possible to use any method. “Pow-Lipovtsy” spared neither old men, nor women, nor children. The gang has organized several so-called races in Kazan, during whichx ruthlessly kill all counter. The first run was held in 1978. However, by the dissenters in their own ranks “Pow-Lipovtsy” was also ruthless. Led the “Half-Error” triumvirate. In the best years in the gang consisted of five hundred men armed with weapons and firearms, including imported ones. The gang had its own sign: the three-pronged crown and the letters “T” and “K”, i.e., “teplokontrol.”
Winder – smithy crime frames
the Smithy of the criminal frame for all these criminal groups was the so-called winder — youth gangs of Kazan. Teenagers here “took care” of representatives of adult criminals. Winder formed on a geographical basis, by place of residence.
Inside was a strict hierarchy, but the national question was absent in one winder consisted of Tatars, Bashkirs and Russians. It was more important who lives where. Leader winder called — the credibility or the author. The hierarchy was dependent on age: 11-13 years – husk, 14-15 – super 17-18 – young, 19 years old. Box was called the original core of the group, it includes a courtyard or series of standing close to each other multi-storey buildings.
there was a common Fund, to replenish which was all members of the winder. The source of the money was not important, but basically it was “income” from criminal activities. There was a fairly extensive and detailed “code boy”, which prescribes the behavior in certain situations. As a member of the winder, it was impossible to ignore the General Assembly or participation in a mass fight with another winder – it was supposed to severe punishment. Kazanets, not included in winder, called cospan, his fate was unenviable, but life is often short as Cusano could use any methods of influence anyone in the first place – “native” winder, forcing it to join its ranks.
Fighting other winders was mandatory and cruelty. In addition to the use of sharpened welding electrodes, and other bladed weapons, in the course were samopala and even homemade explosive device equipped with fishing hooks so increased the probability that when throwing the projectile will cling to clothing and cause maximum damage. Traumatic brain injury, often when a showdown, not without black humor called “piggy Bank”.
Relationships have been resolved, but the solution the author had to abandon the girl or to transfer her to another member of the winder. There was a category of “General girl” when it was in the winder the girls served the sexual needs of all members of the winder, without any commitments and relationships.
to Suppress the winder was only in the late 80’s-early 90 – ies, with the use of the army special forces.
Youth “holds” Ulan-Ude
But the youth group Ulan-Ude arose as a result of mass building. Since the mid-sixties, the city began a multi-storey building, mnogopodezdnom house compactly inhabited by Buryats. Feeling outnumbered, they began to direct their orders. In the 70-ies of the trendsetter of the group was “the Chiang Kai-shek”, whose founders wanted to make Asian all attractive, even the wall murals were stylizowane under characters. And the point of collection of street gangs became known as “Taiwan”. The gang was called on Asia-Indian style: “hunghutz”, “barguty”, “Shoshone”, “the Delawares,” “the Huns”. For identification “friend or foe” used tongue clicks, borrowed from the nomadic tribes. Films with Gojko Mitic was wildly popular.
“Chiang Kai-shek” neglected small ugolovkoy, for example – jerks fur hats from passers-by. Not touch the elderly and family. The “Chiang Kai-shek” was hierarchy: 13-15 years — medaki, punks, 16-17 – middle peasants, from 20 years seniors. It was a kind of “government”: the Minister of defence, culture and so on. Was your flag.
But the ideological stage was short-lived. Rose street groups who were not interested in anything but power, power and money. The city was divided into spheres of influence, there was no piece of territory, nor one yard, the catwho would “draw”. According to the research of British anthropologist Caroline Humphrey, in Ulan-Ude youth gangs quickly became ordinary criminal “business” and got into the legal economy in the Soviet times. The payment of tribute for “protection” ceased to be irregular and voluntary, and moved on a mandatory footing.
© Russian Seven
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