History 10/01/20 “There!”: who taught the Russian military to respond to the order
Surely everyone knows that the order of the commander of the Russian military say, “There!”. However, a little-known story of the origin of such a response. It turns out that it is associated with the Petrine era when the training of the local sailors worked foreigners, particularly the British.
the Youth of Peter
writes L. I. Roslavlev in his article “Ships of Peter the Great”, published in “materials on the history of the Russian fleet”, the idea of creating Russia’s own fleet has arisen at Peter I in his youth after the successful construction of vessels on the lake of Pereslavl in 1689-1692 years. In 1693, Peter, being in Arkhangelsk, laid Solombala shipyard where it was built two new ships: the yacht “Saint Peter” and the ship “St. Paul”. It is noteworthy that, according to Roslavlev, in the construction of many ships the king was directly involved.
it is Clear that to learn from the experience at home Peter was just not one. That is why it is more years learning shipbuilding craft abroad. As argued by E. I. wall, author of “Peter I — the founder of the military art of the Russian regular army and Navy”, king worked as an ordinary carpenter and one of the Dutch shipyards and studied naval architecture in England. During a foreign trip, Peter enlisted in the Russian service, a lot of experienced officers, for example, the notorious Admiral Cornelius cruys.
Foreigners Peter I hired and to train ordinary seamen. That teaching in the Russian seamen engaged residents of Albion, mentions in his book “Platoon. The officers and militia of Russian literature” and Zakhar Prilepin. Approval Prilepin, despite all the efforts of Peter the great, Russia has long remained a land power. The nobles, who would form the backbone of the fleet, often even in the river to swim was not studied, and the sea and is never seen again. For this reason, few of them wanted to get in the Navy.
as teachers for the first sailors Peter had to hire the British, along with their merchant ships left to winter in Arkhangelsk. According to Andrew Galchuk, author of “500 amazing facts about Russia”, receiving orders from the English “sea wolf” Russian pupils had to answer: “Yes, sir!” (“Yes, sir!”). Because foreign language of ordinary men possessed, they made this offer in his own way. Soon the English “Yes, sir!” sounded in a new way: “Have!”.
due To the fact that the training of sailors was carried out mainly by foreigners, many of the orders and responses that were heard in the Petrine era in the English language, that has survived thanks to their alteration on Russian manners. So, if you believe Nicholas Kalanova, author of the “dictionary of Maritime jargon” in English courts every half hour, it was customary to ring the bell. While officer of the watch gave the command: “Ring the bell!” (“Ring the bell”). Gradually Russian sailors remade “the Ring ze bell! the Bell Bay!”. The order was not only in tune, but left the same in meaning.
by the Way, the Russian expression “to beat the bottle” also appeared thanks to the above mentioned English order to ring the bell to denote certain periods of time. About when it was necessary to strike the bell, learned through the hourglass, which the Russian sailors dubbed the “bottles”. As stated in “a Brief dictionary of sea terms” by S. Lukashevich, the Navy “jars” is still referred to as half-hour intervals. So in the reign of Peter I the military, as well as sea languages has developed considerably thanks to foreign influence.
© Russian Seven
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