History 06/02/20 That the Germans today speak about his participation in the Second world
For Russian and German world war II — part of the national identity, but their involvement in her ex-opponents evaluate differently. In Russia and 1945, is both a symbol of mourning for the dead and victory over the enemy, who had plans for the colonization of the territory of the Soviet Union and the extermination of most of its inhabitants. For modern Germans, the Second world war is a tragedy, but they are not so accused her of their ancestors, how many consider themselves to be the victims of the incident.
By order of the German Foundation “remembrance, responsibility and future” in Germany, a survey was conducted regarding the events of the past. People were asked: “What event happened after the year 1900, do you consider the most important in the history of Germany?” 37% of respondents answered the Second world war, and 39% – the destruction of the Berlin wall and the reunification of Germany.
the Germans were actively interested in the history of his country, and 80% of respondents consider it the most important school subject. 47% believe that the Holocaust could be repeated, and 42% think the German media and authorities should pay more attention to the problems of anti-Semitism, xenophobia, right-wing populism.
Three-quarters of Germans feel guilty for the mass murder of Jews and think that Germany has a special responsibility. According to respondents, the most significant reminder of the Holocaust concentration camps. Some politicians propose to make excursions into these terrible places of the compulsory part of the school curriculum.
But 14% of Germans believe that Germany has already answered for the sins of the past and that it is time to put an end to the history of Nazism and forget about Hitler. Despite the efforts of the government and public organizations, there is a drop of interest in the topic of Nazism from the German students. 40% of students know neither when Hitler came to power, or when it began and ended The second world war, I have no idea about its key events.
the Second world in the interpretation of the German school of
Statistics show that 98.4% of Germans know about the Second world war and the crimes of the Nazis in school. At the exhibition: “a Different war: national school textbooks about the Second world war”, which was held at the Museum “Berlin-Karlshorst”, historian Robert Mayer has acquainted the public with their research. He compared German and Polish history books and came to the conclusion that in the last topic of the war is given three times more space. Polish textbooks describe in detail the course of the fighting after September 1 and present them as a war on two fronts, and ensured the victory of the Nazis and the Soviet Union over Poland.
In Polish schools speak about the heroism of Polish soldiers and German about the cruelty and treachery of the Wehrmacht, the way the individual soldier is not demonized. Robert Mayer concluded that the purpose of German school course about the Second world war — to develop in children a sense of guilt for the outbreak of the conflict, the crimes of the Nazi party and the Holocaust.
Modern Germans are equally perceive themselves and the descendants of the perpetrators and victims of the Nazi regime. 18% of Germans said that their ancestors were guilty of the crimes of the Nazis. 36% did not know about the role of their relatives in the war. However, 54% of respondents claimed that their relatives were victims of Hitler’s regime.
Who is the victim and who is the accomplice
the Germans did not specify who should be considered victims, and who the accomplice. Hanged anti-fascist Gestapo and murdered in the East Wehrmacht soldiers, both injured. An equal sign is placed between the dead during the Second world war, Germans, French, Russians, poles. Who attacked whom — is not taken into account.
they are All ordinary people, which was not due to the confrontation of Nazism and Bolshevism. This position, according to Professor Andreas CEC from the University of Bielefeld, is not true. The researcher says: “Etabout the effect, which appeared shortly after the war: no one wants to be a part of the nation of perpetrators. People forced out of their own consciousness the fact that we come from families of Nazi sympathizers.”
the Chairman of the Foundation “remembrance, responsibility and future” Andreas Eberhard says: “From the nation of criminals we’re turning into a nation of helpers to victims of the Nazi regime and its opponents.”
the Attitude to Russia
Modern German historians try not to touch the events that took place on the Eastern front, and not to think about the millions of dead Soviet citizens. While willing to describe the liberation of German lands by the allies. Although the first Federal President of Germany, Theodor Heuss in the 50-ies of XX century was recognized that Germany was at once freed from the Nazis and destroyed by the liberators.
Sometimes German politicians publicly condemn Russia for conducting the may Victory parade. For example, the Chairman of the Committee of the Bundestag Norbert Röttgen said that the Russian government uses the history of the Second world war to justify their modern aggressive foreign policy.
At the same time in the German army remains in honor of “military glory” of the Nazi era. The Bundeswehr barracks called the names of soldiers and generals of the Nazi Wehrmacht.
© Russian Seven
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