Biography 22/01/20 Joseph Dzhugashvili: why Stalin was expelled from Seminary
If the young Joseph Stalin was not interested in revolutionary ideas, he would have taken Holy orders. But this, as we know, did not happen. In may 1899, the future “father of Nations” left the Orthodox Tiflis theological Seminary, having studied it for over 4 years. What was the reason for the expulsion of the seminarian Dzhugashvili?
Pass the exam
Officially, Stalin was expelled, as was stated in the documents, “to appear for the exams for an unknown reason”.
Such a strict decision of the management without trying to establish the circumstances of the absence on the exam suggests that Stalin was a bad bill in the Seminary. At least because of weak academic performance.
In the initial period of training a native of Gori was. Theology, Greek, Russian and Georgian languages were given to him equally easy. However, since the third grade he began to learn much worse, and the fourth was even forced to hold the examination.
In 1902, Stalin was informed in writing to the officers of the Batumi prison, which was forced to withdraw from the Seminary “for lack of funds.” He explained that he had lost the right to state scholarship, which was unable to continue the training.
However, revolutionary is clearly withheld his reasons at the time of the dire financial situation. To deny scholarships Stalin could only for significant reasons.
Clashes with teachers
One such reason was bad behavior. According to the entry in the Seminary’s journal, once, for example, a fifth-grade student was convicted of disrespect towards “persons of the rulers”. For this, the rector ordered 5 hours to put Dzhugashvili in solitary confinement. This case was not the only one: only available from October 1898 to January 1899, Stalin fell into the hole 5 times and 2 times was severely reprimanded, having a stable “three” behavior.
One of thosex to whom the seminarian could cause problems, consider the inspector Dmitry Abashidze, from which the management of the institution, presumably, became aware of the clandestine activities of the future priest.
“comrade Soso had this big confrontation with Abashidze, who finally managed to catch comrade Soso, reading illegal books, then Soso was dismissed from the Seminary,” wrote a friend of the Tbilisi Stalin Polycarp of Talakvadze.
according to surviving records Abashidze, Dzhugashvili don’t just read banned books, but did so publicly out loud for other students of the Seminary.
Participation in Marxist circles
it is Known that for the first time with Marxism, Stalin touched at the age of 17, precisely in the period of study at the Seminary. Already in 1895 he was trying to get in touch with the revolutionaries who were in exile in the Caucasus.
Subsequently, the Soviet leader told the writer Emil Ludwig, in the Seminary was dominated by “mocking mode” and teaching was “Jesuitical methods”, which was the main reason behind his move to the opposition. Probably Stalin had in mind practiced searches and a complete lack of personal freedom.
Continuing his studies, the seminarian is headed at this time of the socialist circle of railway workers, leads among them “educational” work. In 1932 in the questionnaire Stalin wrote that the reason for his dismissal was the promotion of Marxism.
© Russian Seven
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