History 02/02/20 How much the Germans paid the Soviet citizens deported to Germany
During the great Patriotic war the Nazis out of occupied territories of the USSR about 4 mln people. In the Third Reich they were waiting for the toil, famine, insult and humiliation from imagines himself the “superior race” of Germans. However, the life of “Ostarbeiters” (the people removed the work from Eastern Europe) still wasn’t completely hopeless, how many years asserted the Soviet historiography.
On the idea of the Commissioner for labor, Fritz Sauckel, “Eastern workers” had to replace the front German men. They lived in arbeitslager that could be in the city and out in the open. For the camps were given a large room where you could put the bed, for example, former ballrooms, or empty shops. But more often it was a classic barracks, surrounded by barbed wire.
on the Morning of Ostarbeiters went back to the employer later that evening returned. Their work was not in the full sense of the word slave for the paid money. However, the Ostarbeiter received much less than the workers, for example, from Poland or the Czech Republic. In addition, from their pay calculated fee for meager rations, and most of them are intended for amounts settled in the Bank accounts that workers in practice to use I could not. However, the cash they still fall. Factory worker after all deductions received at the hands of 3 to 5 stamps (the cost of a few bottles of beer), but there are also rare “juicy” posts. For example, interpreters were paid at the end of the month 50 marks. From 13 November 1943 at Ostarbeiters had the opportunity to spend their meager savings in cities.
“Those who around behaved and showed good employment outcomes received as a reward once a week to get out of the zone; but a visit to the cinema and restaurants were still forbidden,” – said researcher Pavel Polyan in the book “victims of two dictatorships”.
the only day off – Sunday – in the barracks were allowed to read Newspapers (in the languages of the peoples of the USSR), listen to radio and watch movies. Were dances and Amateur night. However, the starving people, it brought a little joy.
Relations with employers
Ostarbeiters worked in state-owned enterprises, and private owners in Germany, despite totalitarian control, remained capitalist economy. Much depended on interpersonal relationships, as not all Germans shared the chauvinist views of the Nazi elite. Most people in Germany treated people with a rather indifferent patch OST. But some, especially the elderly, was filled with pity for the Slavs, who were hungry and exhausted. Officially the “Eastern workers” assumed an extremely low rate of supply.
“the food is good. Get a day 200 grams of bread and soup once, promise to give a lump of sugar” – with humor wrote to his family in the Ukraine Ostarbeiters Vasil S., worked at the ironworks.
the Chance to eat one’s fill was is that in rural areas. To get there was considered extreme luck (there was 20% deported to Germany). Farmer (Bauer) was not bound by the control of the authorities and give its employees as much food as was necessary.
“Planted to eat … And how much of it is fried — I ate and ate. Hungry, six days, carried us. And here she put the frying pan: “Noch?” I do not understand what is the “More?”, and nod,” recalled Barbara Gritsenko on his arrival to the German housewife in the village.
Sometimes between the Germans and the Ostarbeiters were even struck up a sincere friendship. For example, exported from the USSR Vera Mikhailova corresponded with the daughter of his mistress from the village of Waldkirch Maria Gabestro even after she was sent to another place.
Already at the end of the war, in August 1944, the government equalized the food standards Ostarbeiters and the German population was removed and the other ogranIceni. It had a certain effect. When the prisoners began to scatter from the destroyed camps and attack the houses of the burghers, the Ostarbeiters were often defended their masters. However, they still remembered well how “warmly” they took the Germans in the early years. Most Ostarbeiters gladly accepted the news of the victory of the red Army, and hastened to return Home at the earliest opportunity.
© Russian Seven
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