History 14/02/20 “Gotenland”: I wanted to create Hitler in the Crimea after the victory
“Here, I already no dog will pull,” said Hitler after the occupation of Crimea. Later, in 1944, he ordered his army to keep the Peninsula from the grip of the advancing red army.
His reluctance to leave this important bridgehead was due to fear of negative reaction from Turkey, Bulgaria and Romania, as well as the fact that the General Commissariat of “Tavria” for more than two and a half years was an exemplary object of German policy in Eastern Europe.
As if it may sound paradoxical, but the Goths and Gothic history played a role in the formation of Nazi ideology in General and a crucial role in determining the fate of the occupied Crimea, in particular.
“Gothic,” the plans of Hitler and Crimea
Hitler was personally involved in a project of ethnic cleansing and Germanization of the Peninsula, which is planned to rename in “Gotenland”. It was one of the most important projects of the führer in the occupied Soviet Union.
Nazi ideologues Frauenfeld, Rosenberg and Himmler wanted to revive the Peninsula of the ancient “dream ready” of their own state. Historical presence ready in the Crimea served as the national socialists legitimization for the legal justification for the occupation of the Crimea.
“Hardly anywhere on earth for centuries, kept the [German] people’s spirit, as in the Crimea; the Goths are a living example,” said Hitler on 2 July 1942.
If Rosenberg argued that the Crimean Goths existed in the XVI century, Hitler and Frauenfeld mentioned the presence of the Gothic in the eighteenth century as a historical fact. In addition, some Nazi ideologues, it was assumed that the German colonists, who began to resettle in Crimea only during the reign of Catherine II, also somehow were ethnically associated with the Crimean Goths.
Thus high-qualityazom, the German presence in Crimea was a continuum since the III century BC and up until the time of the invasion of the Nazi army.
the pre-war plans regarding Crimea
Their plans for Crimea, the Nazis hatched long before the outbreak of war with the Soviet Union. The main Creator and engine of the concept of transformation of the Crimea in the “Gotenland” was the Fuhrer himself. What Hitler himself in 1941 and 1942, instructed his entourage on the future of Crimea.
However, one of the main Nazi ideologues Alfred Rosenberg formulated a plan of her own in early 1941. According to the first plan of Rosenberg, the Crimea was to be part of Ukraine, an important role which was played by Ukrainians hostile to the Russians.
the initial draft Rosenberg has been criticized by other Nazi ideologues, who saw in the Ukrainians, and other Slavs, people of “inferior”. Later was also rejected projects panturista nationalists, who offered to transfer Crimea to the jurisdiction of the Turks and Tatars.
In may 1941 Rosenberg prepares a new project. The researchers suggest that their ideas about the Crimea Rosenberg changed influenced directly by Hitler himself. Now the Crimea was to be considered as a separate territory under the name of “Tavria”, which had germanise.
As it must pass this “Germanization” was to the end not clear, and coherent concept of “Gottland” has not yet been formed. This, however, did not interfere with Rosenberg to talk about the permanent German presence in Crimea associated with living there until at least the XVI century by the Goths and German colonists of the nineteenth century.
in this context it becomes clear why Hitler offered to tear the Peninsula from Russia and Ukraine and to hold it for the total Germanization. A significant role in this, apparently, played the attractiveness of the Crimea as a tourist centre it at the time of the siege of Sevastopol, the führer has repeatedly referred to natural “beauty KrymA.”
the Fate of the Peninsula was largely solved 16 July 1941, during a private conversation of Hitler with his entourage, which included Alfred Rosenberg. That’s when Hitler announced that Crimea “should be cleaned of all foreign [elements], and inhabited by Germans.”
the fate of the deportees “foreign” bothered him very little: “Where I’m completely indifferent. Russia is big enough”. The ethnic cleaning of the Crimea, Hitler recalled and then; in his opinion, “the German people […] needs to grow into this region.”
It was then that he came up with the idea of the coming conversion of the General Commissariat of the brand in Gotenland (it. “the land / area is ready”), whose name would indicate a historical presence in this region of the ancient Germans.
the Epitome of the Gothic dreams of the Nazis
In late 1941, Rosenberg became by the time the Reich Minister of Eastern occupied territories, reported to Hitler on the progress of the project concerning the Germanization of the Crimea.
the Fuhrer listened to the Minister’s proposal to rename Simferopol to Gothenburg (the”city”), and Sevastopol – in Deodorisation (“harbour of Theodoric”).
the New capital of “Imperial domain of Gotenland” was supposed to appear at the Yalta ridge. All planned by the Nazis for global renaming of put into practice was only a few.
So, one of the Central streets of Simferopol, in February, was renamed the “Gothic” (Gotenstraße). “Gothic crown” (Gotenkrone) was named the Crimean produced in the cellars of cognac, a “Gothic head” (Gotenkopf) – a strategically important pass in the North of the Peninsula (apparently, the isthmus of Perekop).
the Project of Germanization of Crimea
To speed up the process of Germanization of the Crimea were initially resettling ethnic Germans living on the territory of the Soviet Union. Later came the idea of the colonization of the Peninsula inhabitants of the German colonies beyond the Dniester inhabited by about 140 thousand ethnic Germans.
Continuingtion and justification of the plans of Hitler and Rosenberg on the Peninsula engaged the Commissioner-General of Gau (district) “Tavria” Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld.
His efforts had produced several individual books, memoranda, memoranda and memoirs devoted to the Crimea, its past and future, and the role of ready in the fate of the Peninsula.
in addition, he also read public educational lectures about the role of the Gothic and Germanic element in the history of the Crimea. Frauenfeld, arrived in the Crimea in December 1941, somewhat unexpectedly became an ardent admirer of Crimea, its natural, historical and architectural monuments.
Seeing the huge potential of the Crimea as the upcoming German resort, Frauenfeld wrote about what the mountains, the blue sea and evergreen gardens of the Peninsula will be a “pearl of great Germany, moreover, the pearl of Europe”.
the Tyrolean project
By June of 1942 Meyrin made a new (and final) draft of the “Germanization” of the Crimea. It was assumed that the Peninsula is inhabited by South tyroleans, who lived in Northern Italy.
Tyroleans was supposed to move to the Crimea, to conduct his ethnic “Germanization”, and at the same time allow existing between Germany and Italy, the problems associated with the status of South Tyrol.
Meyrin turned to the Tyrolese urging them to leave “their homeland in the name of improved relations between Germany and Italy”. As staff tyroleans were to serve as “racial quality” of the Crimean Russians and Ukrainians, while the “racially inferior” were to be eliminated. In General, they concluded Frauenfeld, compared with modern South Tyrol, the Crimea is a “land filled with milk and honey
fortunately, none of the “Gothic” of the plans of Hitler and his entourage were not fully implemented. In the spring of 1944 the German occupation troops were forever banished from the territory of Crimea. Crimea did not become Gotenland, and the Nazi “scientists” and failed to substantiate a historic right of German on VladIX the land of Crimea.
© Russian Seven
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