Another 05/02/20 As Soviet soldiers in Afghanistan, improved military equipment
the War in Afghanistan has become a real test of strength for the Soviet military equipment, military tactics and the training of personnel. The mountainous conditions contrasted sharply with “the plains war” in Europe, for which he designed most of the weapons. In the mountains only partially possible to use artillery because of the difficult terrain where a lot of natural hiding places.
the emphasis is on small mobile groups which in case of detection of enemy link attacks and cause a backup. Regular military equipment showed its weak fitness for the new conditions, so in the Soviet parts of it improved on the basis of the urgent tasks.
Angle of attack
Often, the Mujahideen ambushed in the mountain gorges and attacked columns of Soviet troops, being higher on the slope. The usual tactic was to knock out the first and last cars in the convoy, thus trapping the escape route, and continue to fire at the immobilized the Soviet forces. First, it was noted that in such battles is the lack of angle guns on armored personnel carriers and infantry combat vehicles of the. While the command has developed a new model of Armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles, combat units have solved this issue installing in the back of a truck anti-aircraft guns (ZU).
Since the air of the Mujahideen was not, anti-aircraft guns were used to cover the convoys. Twin 23-millimeter anti-aircraft guns were removed from the platform, welded to her frame with protective armor plates and placed in the back of a truck. Journalist Gennady Dolzhikov wrote that on the bottom of the body laid sand bags to protect it from undermining, and the side was draped with bulletproof vests. Was the installation of antiaircraft guns on Armored personnel carriers.
This weapon could fire at a very high angle up the slope and quickly rotated 360 degrees, changing the arc of fire. The cab of the truck was also protected by metal plates. With the same goal defeat entrenched on the height of the enemy used anti-aircraft self-propelled installation “Shilka”, which was off the radar and increase ammunition.
Another invention was the installation in trucks and on the roofs of the APCS, helicopter units nurs (unguided rocket). Drive guidance system also took a helicopter, but the bed had to produce artisanal. The column on the March was usually covered trucks of both types: Nursi and memory. Another option was the installation of a mortar “cornflower”.
the Pinnacle of evolution, the trucks “Ural”, in a body which was established the body BRDM (armored reconnaissance and patrol car), to the tower which was attached Nursi. Thus, fire was to expand the regular BRDM machine gun and rocket launcher. In the absence of missile units and antiaircraft installations were mounted automatic grenade launchers and heavy machine guns.
From the very first weeks of the fighting became obvious insufficient protection of infantry fighting vehicles, Armored personnel carriers and even tanks. The soldiers themselves have improved the booking. On the roof of the Armored personnel carriers were welded on the metal sheets. The same sheets were welded to the underbody to protect against min Also often on APCS weld the bracket, where put in boxes or bags with sand.
However, additional sheets of metal, though saved from bullets and shrapnel, little help against shaped charges. If such a charge came into slaboosnovnymi Board of BMP in the area of the compartment landing, killing everyone inside. The soldiers were even decoded BMP as “fraternal grave infantry”, and preferred to go on the roof, hiding behind sandbags.
Andrei Zayats in the book “Armored vehicles in Afghanistan,” describes the hit heat projectile: “To starboard, just above the ammo rack, stuck a grenade. Inside the machine all clouded with smoke, grenade, progressa in the armor a hole with a nickle, I svergnul inside the jet of molten metal. Underfoot vibrated floor machines, pressure threw the upper hatches”.
For protection against shaped charges which burn through the armor upon impact with her, IFVs and tanks welded to the special grilles and screens. The hope was that the projectile, when faced with such a screen, detonates earlier than it touches the armor, the jet stream will dissipate and will not be harmed.
to increase the thickness of the reservation, towers, tanks wrapped with crawler trucks. The same tracks were fastened to the sides.
© Russian Seven
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