Crime 20/10/19 Unknown war in the Gulag after the great Patriotic war: what was it
After the death of the great leader in 1953, Stalin’s system of camps was rocked by a series of uprisings and strikes of prisoners. The uprising of prisoners in Kengir, Ekibastuz, Vorkuta and Norilsk showed the Soviets need a gradual disbandment of the camps. But the GULAG began to decline much earlier – in 1945 it started a real massacre, which killed many prisoners, and sometimes officers. The causes of the massacre was directly connected with the end of world war II.
In the most hopeless years of the German offensive, the Soviet government decided to replenish the number of soldiers at the expense of the campers. In 1941-1943 the GULAG left 35% of prisoners – they were sent to fight. At the front were many members of the criminal subculture, known as “thieves in law”. They were hoping for long-term release, but after the war, again came to the camps – it is possible that the role of the mercenaries of the authorities.
Here they were waited already by angry colleagues in crime craft. These inmates felt that the experience behind bars in a period when the already meager rations were cut to a minimum, does not go to any comparison with the situation of veterans. Returned dubbed the “Polish thieves” (the name of the country where took place the battles) and enrolled in the same category with “bitches” – those who could not withstand the pressure, decided to cooperate with the administration. To the “bitches” also joined the “authorities” of the new republics of the USSR, moved to the main territory of the country.
the Ideological conflict quickly escalated into bloody clashes between two groups of criminals. “Bitches”, who did not want to be exterminated, soon began to attract other “criminals” by developing for them a special ritual with kissing the knife. “The true thieves” they not only cut, but also exposed sexual violence. Retaliatory killings were no less cruel.
“Bitch wars” lasted until the end of the existence of the Gulag, the victims fell, according to current estimates, tens of thousands of people – not only criminal authorities, but also “men” (ordinary prisoners), to which actively started using “thieves” on both sides. While it was often the terrorizing and intimidation of the camp population.
the Second wave of killings in the camps were also provoked by the results of the great Patriotic war. In Western Ukraine, once again occupied by the red Army, turned rebel movement Ukrainian nationalists against whom the Soviets have thrown the best forces of the NKVD. Thousands of supporters of the OUN-UPA* gave a standard 25-year period – they were held as political prisoners.
In many once in the camps, immigrants from Galicia made a separate caste, who challenged the established order (in the same way acted the Baltic “forest brothers”). And if earlier the prisoners dutifully endured “informers”, now scammers are finding morning with shivs in his chest. The massacres were committed by people in masks, and the number of deaths in one camp could amount to tens. Murderers are not frightened of possible punishment – they took his sentence like a life sentence and often preferred to remand the camp work.
Other political prisoners gradually began to adopt the experience of “Banderovites” and “fascists” opposing those who openly supported the bosses. The result was the growth of self-awareness and creating a conspiratorial intracamp associations among the features of which was the production of weapons. To be an informant have become dangerous to life, so the management of the camps, having lost the usual “helpers”, not quite controlling them.
as a means of restoring order and suppressing the “underground anti-Soviet activities of” the authorities tried to physically separate the Ukrainians from the other categories, but this is not the saved position.UW. The number of “positive contingent”, i.e. willing to go to work the prisoners were gradually reduced.
the Role of the camp administration
it is Noteworthy that the administration of the camps in reports addressed to Moscow, deliberately different from the events of the “bitch war” from “rubilovki”. Both received the collective name of “banditry”. Words with him were engaged in an active struggle. In fact, according to one version, the “bitch war” of power even warmed up, wishing thus to break the “thieves ‘ law”.
the Result was a growth of discontent of ordinary prisoners, because the scales in the end leaned to the side of the traditional “thieves,” accusing around the chiefs camp. Moreover, United on the basis of the confrontation of criminals in the late 1940-ies there was the first “common Fund” – a kind of “mutual Fund” that amplified their impact and reducing the power of the administration.
During the camp disturbances are different groups of “fascists” and the thieves found a common language and acted in concert, directing the other inhabitants of the Gulag, which provided a short-term, but the success of uprisings.
*UPA – banned organization in Russia
© Russian Seven
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