The naphthalene Frankel: as a former prisoner of Solovki General in the Gulag

Biography 02/01/20 Naphthalene Frankel: as a former prisoner of Solovki General in the Gulag

This Odessa was one of the few iconic figures of the NKVD, who managed to survive in the Moloch of repression 20-30 years. Biography of Naphthalene Frenkel scenario worthy of an action film.

His short bio

Former detective of the Solovetsky camp Nikolay Kiselev in his book talks about the Odessa of Naftali Frankel, whose life is like a adventure novel. This figure began working construction company and finished his working career at the rank of Lieutenant-General of the USSR. Before the revolution, Frankel worked in Ukraine for a construction company and even for two years studied German in the College building, where he was sent by the employer as sensible specialist for professional development. During the Civil war, the Naphthalene met the famous Odessa raider, Mishka Yaponchik, and then fought with Petlyura in his unit on the side of the red Army. The second half of his life, Frenkel was connected with Gulag – 3 years he spent in places of confinement on charges of counter-revolution, and then, freed, in a strange way changed the social status of the opposite – became a member of the NKVD.

As he met with Jap

As wrote essayist fatekh vergasov, meeting with the king of crime in Odessa, Mishka Yaponchik, Frenkel happened when Naphthalene was working in Odessa, receiver of Maritime cargo. Frankel was a successful businessman and had a good income. The jap paid all of Odessa entrepreneurs and Frankel was able to establish with the bandit business relationship.

Create a Jap of your own red Army units Vergasov explains the necessity of legalization of the gang, so it was easier to defend against Bolshevik raids. The revolutionary military Council supported this initiative, and the regiment of the Odessa bandits took part in several battles against the troops of Petliura.

After the disbandment of the regiment, Naphthalene Frankel in Odessa continued to engage in the Affairs related to implementation of marine goods, mostly contraband. This business was closely associated with the underworld of the port city, Frankel bribed officials and even employees of the GPU.

the Arrest and landing in the camp

In the book Boris Shiryaev “Inextinguishable lamp” States that the smuggling activities of the trust Frenkel knew in Moscow, the NKVD eventually took the decision to arrest all the tops of the Odessa people’s Commissariat of internal Affairs and the criminal businessman that was done in 1924. Initially, the Frankel issued the death sentences, which for unknown reasons was replaced by 10 years in the camps. Nikolay Kiselev, citing data from business Frenkel, reported that he was accused of collaboration with Turkish intelligence. Convicted, interceding for deliverance, asked him pardon, and take on the needs of the state available to him 50 thousand rubles. Time Frankel served in Solovki. Approval Fateh Vergasova, for a bribe he took thieves position of foreman. The convict managed in the shortest possible time to organize the camp the construction of a bathhouse, which was highly evaluated by the authorities (in the camp was rampant typhus). In 1926, at the personal request of chief of the Solovetsky camps, the time Frankel was first halved, and then convicted and all were released.

a Career in the Gulag

Almost immediately after the release of Naphthalene Frankel began serving in the OGPU in the Gulag. It is called one of the most brutal leaders, who believed, as he wrote to Nikolay Kiselyov that the convicts shall be used for three months, after which they are of practical use for camp are no longer present. Frenkel was the head of the construction Balamuralikrishna canal, the Baikal-Amur railway, held other key positions in the NKVD-MVD. He was awarded the order of Lenin.

According to Nikolay Kiselyov, quit Naphthalene Frenkel in 1947 with the rank of Lieutenant Generalal-Lieutenant of the interior Ministry, with the help of false certificate of health. Died this figure in 1960 in Moscow, buried the Naphthalene Frenkel at the Vvedenskoye cemetery.

Nicholas Syromyatnikov

© Russian Seven

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