Fire lynching in Slutsk: why there was a popular revolt in 1967

Another 22/12/19 Fire lynching in Slutsk: why happened people riot in 1967

in the Fall of 1967 in a provincial Belarusian town of Slutsk there were riots caused by unjust, according to local residents, judging a high-ranking official who killed a worker. The result of the uprising was the death of a local judge and a policeman and burned the courthouse.

the Fight in the stairwell

the Officer Gennady Gamanovich was 28 years old and in his younger years, he was a member of the Communist party and headed the cultural Department of the Slutsk city Executive Committee. In April 1967, he, along with his 25-year-old relative by the name of syt’ko drank alcohol and in the evening went out to the porch to smoke. In the stairwell, the brothers saw the work of Alexander Nikolaev, who was also drunk and went to warm up and continue to drink.
Gapanovich and syt’ko began to expel the worker from the entrance and pushed that down the stairs. After that, they pulled the Nikolaev on the street and beat the man. Relatives went on to drink, and the worker was found dead this morning in the city Park. It turned out that Nikolaev was suffering from gastric ulcer, which opened damaged from the beating.

Unfair trial

Police did not apply on the case, but for 40 thousand Slutsk immediately started talking about what actually the Nikolaev stabbed or strangled. Oil poured into the fire, the person accused of murder. The city talking that the Communists and the nomenklatura beaten to death a simple worker. Word got out about the alleged feud family Nikolaev who in the war was the partisans and Gapanovich who served the Nazis.
However these were unsubstantiated rumors. The first court hearing occurred on October 10. Side of the deceased were represented by numerous support group and the father Nikolaevskogo, not believing in the objectivity of the court demanded that the case was heard in Minsk.
Work wanted the killer of capital punishment, and Slutsky, the court considered a crime of domestic brawl, and the accused faced up to 8 years. People began to shout that the Communists are “out” and a fair verdict will be. From the leadership of the city to work for nothing, denied them the loudspeaker through which outraged the inhabitants of the city could listen to the meeting.

Start a riot

On the second day of the court it is even more residents, and on the third day the situation got out of control. 13 October Gapanovich brought to the court in a police van and the ambulance that the people took it as a sign of the imminent release of a murderer-majeure. The audience became indignant and passed by the citizens explained that now “the Communists get killer simple workers”.
With every minute the crowd grew. The workers began to claim that they gave the killer had to come from somewhere vodka, which further aggravated the situation. The police did nothing, and her boss was out of town. The judge fearing for the life of the defendant, decided to end the meeting early. However, the rebellious people have stated that they will give the Communist-killer out of the building no one leaves.
By this time the business of the change over, and around the court gathered more than 3 thousand people. Workers began to collect stones and break fences at the clubs, and on their suppression from Minsk has sent 350 soldiers of internal troops.

the Battle at the courthouse

Soldiers took the building of the court in the cordon, and a crowd tried to disperse gas “Prunus”. When people parted, the paddy was able to bring the accused. Gapanovich in this case dressed in the form of Lieutenant Stanislaw Tatura. An angry crowd began to attack the soldiers, throwing stones at them, beating with sticks and throwing their eyes with sand.
Residents of Slutsk thought Gapanovich still in court and started throwing wooden building “Molotov cocktails”. Of buildings began to jump, the police, among whom were Lieutenant Kristina, which didn’t have a uniform. It the crowd felt Gapanovich and beaten to death man.
Fire trucks are rebels not missed or even cut their hoses. In flames the building except the judge Alekseeva, who died in the fire. When the court burned down, people believing that justice was done, went home.

the Consequences of rebellion

the next day the investigation began. Minsk leadership was afraid that the riots took part ordinary workers campaigning with the slogans “death to the Communists”. All top party, police and business leaders were deposed from office and expelled from the party.
in addition to the deceased police officers and judges seven soldiers were seriously injured, 30 people were slightly injured. For participating in the riots were arrested more than 70 people, and found that most of them were ordinary workers, students and pensioners. Among the detainees were even combatants. 15 people were from 3 to 15 years, and two of the arsonists was sentenced to the death penalty. Killer Gapanovich received 8 years in prison.

Alexander Brazhnik

© Russian Seven

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