History 08/02/20 “Miluska you our dear comrade Stalin”: as “leader of the people” became the Cossack
Today, the descendants of the Cossacks often think about the tragedy of “decossackization”, which became the reason of mass transfer the Cossacks to the enemy during the great Patriotic war. Meanwhile, relations of Cossacks and the Soviet government was and lighter pages. In 1936 “the Cossacks” was adopted by the head of the USSR Joseph Stalin.
the Cossacks and the power
Tradition personal connection of the Cossacks with the authorities was of great importance in pre-revolutionary Russia. For example, each the heir to the Russian throne was considered by the ataman of all Cossack troops. The Cossacks also carried court service, which ensured the loyalty of the class and emphasized his special status in the Empire of the Romanovs.
After the revolution, the former intimacy of the Cossacks to the higher persons of the state were not discussed. Nevertheless, some Cossacks have influenced the Bolshevik leaders. One of the main “guardians” for the fate of the Cossacks in the 1930-ies was the writer Mikhail Sholokhov. His novel “the Quiet don” the content was difficult to entirely “Soviet”. However, the writer has demonstrated loyalty to the government and using its influence, helped his countrymen. In the years of collectivization repeatedly Sholokhov wrote to Stalin about the plight of the educated to don the collective and asked to deal with the “kinks”.
“Shchukar” in the Kremlin
With the filing of Sholokhov the people of his native stanitsa Vyoshenskaya, a part of the Cossack ensemble of song and dance began to periodically come to Moscow. In 1936, the dancers took a colorful Cossack Timofei Ivanovich Vorobyev. This wit and Joker brought Sholokhov’s novel “virgin soil upturned” under the name of the grandfather Shchukar.
That Vorobyov had the honor during a visit to the Kremlin to present baked according to old recipes loaf himself the “father of Nations”. Before Stalin, the sparrows did not panic and used all of his edgesnorkie. Here is how this scene writer Sergei Herman:
“my dear man, our dear comrade Stalin — the Nightingale poured Timofey Ivanovich, shaking his beard and a silver earring in his left ear. Here’s a gift, you our bride! Handing it to you as our most honorable true and without any mixing of the Cossacks”.
the Flattery of Stalin liked it. However, “to order,” the head of state said that he was “not a Cossack,” but if elected “on the circle”, you agree to become one. After some time the procedure of “acceptance to the Cossacks” was carried out “officially” — in the village of Veshenskaya Andropovskogo area and in several other of the don collective. However, Stalin himself was not present. It became a stumbling block the issue of nationality “candidate Cossacks” allowed one of the old-timers, who said that “in the old days, the ranks of the don was made all in spite of your face”. Georgians-the Cossacks did meet, although not on the don and the Terek army.
the Renaissance of Soviet Cossacks?
At a meeting in the Kremlin, Sholokhov and his countrymen are hardly pursuing any specific goal. For the very attempt to “lobby” as they would say a decision in favor of the Cossacks in those days you had to pay with their head. Soon the Cossacks were motivated by the understandable desire to please the “father of Nations”.
Note that the Cossacks and later spoke to the leader. For example, in the collection of the Museum of contemporary history there are boots and Astrakhan hat, a gift to Stalin on the 70th anniversary of the Cossack village Borgustanskaya. And their countrymen from the village of Goryachevodsky sent to the Kremlin a wool hat. Both Stalin, most likely, never wear.
Critically-minded historians believe that under Stalin, the don Cossacks did not have an official organizational or social status in Soviet territory. Therefore, “take the Cossacks” Stalin was nobody. However, coincidentally or not, shortly after the visit of beshentsev Stalin revived the Cossack cavalry in the red Army.
Relations between the Cossacks and Stalin’s regime – the subject of discussion. Negative assessments prevail. However, for example, the author of the book “the Cossacks of southern Russia in the 1930-ies” Alexander Skorik considers that in this period the Cossacks “in the majority” recognized the Soviet government itself received a “party-state support”.
© Russian Seven
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