As the Wehrmacht handed over to the red Army Brest fortress in 1939

History 18/02/20 As the Wehrmacht handed over to the red Army Brest fortress in 1939

September 22, 1939 in the Polish city of Brest was found units of the Wehrmacht and the red army. They had to take part in the ceremony of transfer of the city by the Soviet command, which, according to prevalent version, was accompanied by joint military parade.

two sides

Signing a non-aggression Pact, Germany had protected itself from the unpredictable reaction from the Soviet Union during the invasion of Poland. And Hitler tried his best to advertise that the Soviet Union is his ally, while the Soviet leadership was keeping the neutrality. However, “friendship cemented with blood”, in the words of Stalin, was there.

after Crossing the Polish border on 1 September 1939, German troops away from Poland, in fact in 20 days. The resistance continued to provide only Warsaw fell on 28 September, and the Modlin fortress surrendered one day later.

17 Sep entered Poland by the red army to fulfil its part of the agreement – the release of Belarusians and Ukrainians living on the Eastern fringes of the Polish Republic from the “oppression of the local gentry and capitalists”, and to ensure their safety.

the Brest the Germans occupied the 14th of September and the 17th took possession of the Brest fortress. In the operation participated the 19th motorized corps of the Wehrmacht under the command of General Heinz Guderian. September 20, the city came up the 29th tank brigade of the red army Seeds Krivosheina. On the same day, representatives of the Soviet side arrived at the location of German units to arrange for the transition of Brest and Brest fortress by Soviet jurisdiction.

the Talks continued the next day. On September 22 at 10 am the flag of Germany, fluttered over the fortress five days, was launched under the sounds of a March of units of the 76th infantry regiment of the Wehrmacht left the fortress, the remaining German troops out of Brest in inthe Torah half of the day.

the Museum “the Brest fortress” presented a report of the command of army group “North” on September 22, 1939, which describes the ceremony of transfer of the city: “March was Held one Russian and one German regiments. The city and the citadel passed in the form of a festive Russian.” In the historiography of the event is remembered as a “joint Soviet-German parade”. Is this true?

Mark parade

Krivoshein remembered that Guderian was really intended to hold a full-fledged Soviet-German parade, to which the brigade commander refused, citing fatigue and lack of preparation of his troops. But Guderian continued to insist, pointing to a point of agreement between the higher command, which stipulates the joint parade. Krivoshein suggested a compromise:

“In 16 hours of your corps in marching column, with standard front, leave the city, my units, also in marching column, enter the city, stop on the streets, where are the German regiments, and its flag salute passing units. Bands perform military marches”.

At this option and decided to stay. However, after the last event, Guderian wrote: “Our stay in Brest ended with a farewell parade and ceremonial changing of the flags in the presence of the brigade commander Krivosheina”.

it Will take only 5 days in Germany will release the next issue of minooborony “Ton-Woche” (“Nuances of the week”), which aired a story on the transfer of Brest. Like any German propaganda, the story was created under the watchful eye of a loving pomp Goebbels: perhaps that is why the negotiations Guderian and Krivoshein insisted on carrying out of joint parade.

timeline is shown running past the grandstand, German units, moving trucks, motorcycles and artillery. Then the camera pulls out Krivoshein and Guderian who welcome the marching troops. The frame also fall of the Soviet soldiers and ACexaudies on the street T-26 tanks. It really looks like the joint parade.

What was it?

Historian Oleg Wishlaw believes that the procedure of the solemn transfer of Brest was the usual “ceremonial withdrawal of German troops under the supervision of Soviet representatives”, and promotional videos about the “joint parade” is nothing like a well-edited videos, which can be misleading.

And really, if you carefully study minored German plot, you can see that all frames moving German and Soviet forces separately, but in General the picture looks like a solemn March past the stands go and the German and Soviet parts. Experts suggest that the shooting of the Soviet troops was made either at a different time of day, or on other streets.

Should pay attention to the Soviet-German Protocol “On the procedure for withdrawal of German forces and the advancing Soviet troops on the demarcation line in Poland”, drawn up on 21 September 1939. It clearly States that the movement of the armed forces should be organized so as to keep the distance between the advanced part of the column of the red army and the tail of the column of the army of Germany not less than 25 km away.

the paper noted that the Germans had to leave Brest on 22 September, as part of the red army to enter the city at dawn on September 23. Why the two armies made contact is unknown. Perhaps the order never fell into the hands of Krivosheino, or a plan violated any verbal agreements.

Also draw the attention of witnesses, who described the arrangements for the transfer of the city as a regular ceremony, not using the word “parade”. None of the witnesses mentions about the passage of Soviet troops past the podium with the generals.

He Krivoshein also left memories of the event, but it reports only about the movement of German engineering. Obviously, if the word “parade” and applicable to the handover ceremony of Brest, his party was only the 19th motorized corps of the Wehrmacht.

Taras Repin

© Russian Seven

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