History 03/01/20 Stalin did not forgive betrayal: why not save Richard Sorge
Richard Sorge geopolitics Vladimir Dergachev in his book “Strategic intelligence” is described as one of the outstanding agents of the twentieth century. The name of this Soviet spy linked with the most complex of the Soviet operations of the great Patriotic war.
Despite all the achievements, at the critical moment, the Kremlin decided Sorge “morally decomposed”. When the intelligence was declassified and was in a Japanese prison, Stalin refused to exchange him for Japanese prisoners of war. As I wrote in “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” journalist Nikolai Dolgopolov, the Soviet agent “did not forgive betrayal.” But it was in this case and something else…
Sorge was born in 1895 in the small village of Baku province. His father was German, served as an engineer at Baku oil fields. Mother — Russian — came from an ordinary family of a railway worker. Practically all the ancestors of the future Soviet spy were ardent revolutionaries. Great-grandfather even presided over the First international.
Before the first world large family Sorge went to live in Germany. There Richard learned German and 19 years old he volunteered for the front. As part of the German army went through the First world war, was wounded twice, awarded. As a result of recent injuries and subsequent surgery one leg Sorge was shorter than the other, a couple of centimeters.
Severe injuries and General painful impression of the war led to the internal fracture Sorge. As later he recalled a scout that made him a true Communist (quotes from the book “are Accused of espionage” Tokarevskogo and V. A. Mikhailov). In 1918-1919 Richard got 2 a University degree. Began working as a journalist and became interested in outreach activities.
In 1919, Sorge joined the Communist party, which determined his whole further life. He became an active party member, participated in rallies and strikes. After 5 years of the Communist party in Germany was banned, but Richard received an invitation from the Soviet Union.
without thinking, he moved to the USSR, became a citizen and continued his life’s work is here. Concern about the problems of the Communist movement in Germany never left Richard. And yet gradually he completely immersed himself in the Affairs of the Soviet Union.
As wrote the German scientist Julius Mader in the 20’s, the future scout and held a high position in the Institute of Marxism-Leninism (“Report of Dr. Sorge”). Presumably at the same time, he was hooked. The first “trip” agent (aliases — “Inson”, “Ramsay”) occurred in 1929.
Then, Sorge was sent to England, where he met with some officer in the British MI6. 1930 Ramsay worked in Shanghai and some Chinese provinces. After 6 years on the instructions of the party and government he was in Japan. Sorge did not know that in this country he shall die.
In the 40-ies of the Sorge held the position of press Secretary in the German Embassy in Tokyo. Well-educated and “ideologically grounded”, it is like no other suitable for this role. However, it has undermined the confidence of the Soviet government to his best agent.
on the eve of the war, Sorge constantly received conflicting information from the attache of Germany and several times inadvertently misinformed the Soviet command. As written in “the great Slandered war” by the Russian writer Igor Pyhalov, 20 June 1941, “Rasmi” hastily conveyed to the centre that the war with the USSR inevitable. Didn’t believe him.
Later, Sorge has repeatedly proved its professionalism, but this did not help him to avoid the gallows. Just a few months — October 18, scout was arrested. It turned out that he had been the Japanese have in development. During the search members of the residency — Ozaki and Miyaki were found incriminating Sorge documents.
In 1942, the trial took place. On business passed about 30 people. Almost thd Sorge was repeatedly interrogated and tortured. Despite the training being given to Soviet spy, Richard could not resist the Japanese torture and confessed to his status. He tried to convince the Japanese that is working for the Comintern, not intelligence. But it did not save position.
Leopold Trepper, another Soviet spy, who was sitting at this time in the Lubyanka prison, were able to communicate with Japanese General Tominaga Kedzie. Him Leopold learned that Stalin offered to exchange Sorge for Japanese interesting side of people. But, as he wrote to Nikolai Dolgopolov, Stalin could not forgive Sorge of its recognition (art. “And Stalin did not believe”).
After that the prisoner hoped it was not what. Exchanging “morally corrupted” scout — who also had a common law wife-Japanese — no one was going. Richard Sorge was hanged in 1944 in prison “Sugamo” (Tokyo).
After the death of Hanako Ishii — the same “Japanese wife” Sorge, has made the authorities of mercy to bury the remains of her beloved husband in a separate grave. Only 20 years later the Soviet Union appreciated the achievements abandoned to their fate and died in the dungeons of the Japanese agent. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union Sorge was awarded only in 1964.
© Russian Seven
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