The free-trade agreement Ceta between the EU and Canada proposed System for dispute settlement between investors and States is compatible with EU law. The free trade agreement, Ceta, which applies between the EU and Canada, provides a System for dispute settlement between investors and States. Belgium had requested a review of the mechanism at the European court of justice (ECJ). The judge should determine whether the scheme with European Union law. The judges found that the autonomy of the Union legal order is not affected by the agreement.

The judges, according to the agreement transfers to the intended courts of jurisdiction, other provisions of Union law, to interpret or to apply. In addition, there is legislation under which the Ceta court of democratically made decisions in question could provide. This includes the protection of public safety or the life and health of people and animals, but also food safety, or environmental and consumer protection.

In January, already an ECJ advocate-General had classified the regulation as legal. The arbitration agreement was also in the German Public controversial.

Ceta was enacted in September 2017 the time being in force. Thus, the duties fall away, to 98 percent of the Goods traded between the EU and Canada. The System for the settlement of disputes is, however, not yet in force. To do this, the Ceta needs to be ratified by the parliaments in all 28 EU member States.