Labour market economy on immigration is instructed according to A study, German companies are dependent on the immigration of around 260,000 people per year. The only way the demand for skilled workers could cover. © Photo: Sven Hoppe/dpa
The German labour market is in need of a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, according to the medium and long term, each year, at least 260,000 immigrants. In view of the ageing society, the number of labor forces will shrink without Migration up to the year 2060 of approximately 16 million persons, i.e. almost by a third.
A higher birth rate and a rising labour force participation of women and men are taken into consideration in the calculation already-said of the study: “Even if men and women worked all the same and in Germany there is a pension age of 70 would be introduced, could not be covered the need for skilled workers with domestic resources.”
immigration from other EU countries will decrease according to the study, in comparison to the past years. Because of the economic strength and quality of life in the EU-representation of the countries, sink to the stimulus, to find a Job in Germany. At the same time, the demand for immigrants from third countries, waxes, therefore, is: by 2035, the German labour market in need of a year nearly 98,000 people, between 2036 and 2050 then every year, almost 170.000 and between 2051 and 2060, finally, nearly 200,000 immigrants from Non-EU countries.
“Today, much to little skilled workers from third countries a wander to Germany,” said Jörg Dräger, member of the management Board of the Bertelsmann Foundation. “The immigration law should be quickly passed.” A law alone is not enough. “Migration and Integration is a task for the whole society”, said Dräger.
qualifications of migrants still expandable
Currently, immigrant migrants worked relatively often in auxiliary positions. Employment as a skilled worker or specialist according to the study, less. In the year 2017, for example, could boast of 60,000 persons travelling from Non-EU countries to work, around 23,000 no vocational training. “With regard to the qualifications of migrants is still a lot to would be to provide,” write the authors of the study. The immigration of workers, which did not fit to the open positions, could produce “two losers”: Of this type of immigration, neither the company nor the migrants benefited.
No large effect on the demand for labour, according to Dräger, the digitization: Contrary to the widespread adoption of digitisation sink, the number of Jobs. Much more likely to lead to a qualitative shift. The demand for experts, to technicians and academics – will rise.