The average number of years people in Germany today, almost one-fifth more money than at the beginning of the 1990s. However, the rise of the so-called real income does not affect all income groups equally: While the real increases in disposable income of Gutverdienern, people with very low income today is less money than in 1991, with the collection of data was started. This was the result of an investigation by the German Institute for economic research (DIW Berlin).
The study is based on the latest available data from the longitudinal study German socio-economic Panel (SOEP) – a representative repeat survey of private households in Germany. The latest Figures originate from the year 2016.
The DIW, according to the real income of private households in Germany in the period increased from 1991 to 2016 to an average of 18 percent. At the same time have increased the income inequality: the Case of the ten per cent of the population who earn most of the income, according to the study, between 1991 and 2016 by 35 percent. In the tenth, earned the least, decreased the income of even eight per cent.
A possible reason for this deviation is the author see the authors of the study in the from 2010 onwards increase in in-migration: migrants earned in the first years in Germany, often only very little.
majority of their earnings too low
the authors of The study also pointed to the development of the satisfaction: the satisfaction of the respondents increases with the level of income. The data showed that the groups with low income growth, or even declines to be more satisfied than in the 1990s. This development could be related to the evaluation of the DIW with the immigration together: The personal satisfaction is often measured in comparison with others. Many members of the lower income group were migrants and compared frequently with people in their countries of origin, where it is even worse.
Despite this rise in satisfaction with household income, a slight majority of the respondents consider their own individual net earnings as too low and unfair. In the eyes of Stefan Liebig, the SOEP Director, was the may be “an indication that the different part of income increases is perceived”.
the percentage of the persons income is less than 60 percent of the median household, net, increased to the Figures from the DIW, according to a 16.6 percent increase and a deterioration of more than five percentage points compared to 1991. The so-called risk-of-poverty threshold was thus, in 2016, for a Single person household at around 1.120 euros per month.
Than real income in the economy, the income, taking into account the purchasing power of money. Simplified, this size, how much the Goods and services you can buy of his salary actually.