History 05/01/20 Why, after the death of Leonid Brezhnev the Soviet Union was preparing a nuclear attack on the U.S.
the Most serious confrontation between two nuclear powers – the USSR and the “evil Empire”, according to historians, lasted for several years – from late 1982 to 1986, when Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan in the bilateral negotiations have taken first steps to reduce the defense systems of both countries.
As it happened
According to the memoirs of Leonid abstracts of reports, in November 1982, warrant officer, petty officer team of electricians SSBN 667B “Murena”, alarm in the day of the death of General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev (10 November 1982) was declared on all nuclear submarines of the Soviet Navy, stationed in the Autonomous navigation officers only had to wait for the order to press the nuclear button.
for several days before declaring combat anxiety Soviet missile submarine Beltyukova, serving in the waters of the North Atlantic, pursued the American multipurpose nuclear submarine. How to write a Navy veteran, divers were in constant tension – they, like other Soviet citizens, the party ideologues were telling that “the West holds the sclerotic finger on the trigger of war” and the Americans at any moment can make a nuclear attack.
On the submarine that night the command was given to set up the circuit uninterrupted power supply (it is necessary to ensure the launch of rockets with any, even emergency, situation), the submarine surfaced on the depth of the volley. Then within 18 hours, the command of the submarine expected signal from shore GKP. Finally, the divers had been instructed to unlock the rocket weapon. The case remained only for pressing the appropriate start button. But after a few hours of Moscow received the “hang up”, and the submarine went to the usual depth of the patrols.
History with this Abraham was repeated less than 2 years after the death of another Sovetskwow General Secretary, Yuri Andropov. Then the alarm on nuclear submarines, was the training and the stress of the crews of the submarines have not caused.
“acute “cold war”
the So-called time period (1983 – 1986) Russian and Western historians, in this time, the arms race of the USSR and the USA reached its peak. Soviet and Russian historian of the Navy Nikolay Cherkashin wrote that after the Cuban missile crisis it was the most critical period in relations between the two superpowers when the world really stood on the brink of nuclear war.
well-Known Russian journalist and publicist Leonid Mlechin explains the reason for this opposition: Yuri Andropov in December 1983, decided to deploy in the GDR and Czechoslovakia, the Soviet rocket launchers, and to bring submarines and surface missile to American shores in response to the placement of the US “Pershing” in Western Europe. So, project 667A SSBNs were patrolling the ocean depths in the Bermuda triangle. In the event of a nuclear attack, the time of doleta Soviet missiles launched from these submarines, to American cities, compared with the time of doleta shtatovskih “Pershing” and “Tomahawk”, aimed at the Soviet Union. Additionally, the Soviet Union developed a mobile missile system “Speed”, designed for the preventive destruction of the starting positions of the American missiles stationed in Europe before you fly “Pershing”.
Nikolay Cherkashin wrote that for three years, one after another, the submarines of Northern and Pacific fleets patrolled the Atlantic coast of the United States, at any time able to lead in combat readiness of their ballistic missiles. According to Cherkashin, the Soviet nuclear submarines in total simultaneously was 90 1800 missiles with nuclear warheads.
Each was more powerful than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima
As he recalled rear-Admiral Nikolai Malov, who commanded the 80-ies of the nuclear submarine-the submarine K-137, its submarines patrolling the ocean depths near the Americanx military bases, were armed with 16 ballistic missiles with warheads, which at start-up was able to work and to go to pre-programmed goals. Each of these missiles power 20 times that of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the Americans. According to Malov, a Soviet submarine was enough to destroy 100 cities in the United States.
In turn, after placing the American “Pershing” in Western Europe they the flight time to Moscow in the event of a nuclear strike has dropped to 6 – 7 minutes. The Soviet air defense system proved unable to intercept these missiles, and therefore, Andropov made a decision about “adequate measures”. They put it as close to the ocean coast of the United States and military bases on the territory of NATO nuclear submarines and surface cruisers, submarines and ground-based missile defense systems.
From 1983 to 1986, the Soviet nuclear forces and missile defense system were in a state of high alert.
the Former Soviet Ambassador to US Anatoly Dobrynin in his memoirs wrote that exactly a year after the death of Leonid Brezhnev in November 1883-the first Soviet Union was forced to abandon the Geneva negotiations on nuclear weapons in Europe, Andropov realized that Reagan will not agree – placing Americans in European countries “Pershing-2” and cruise missiles confirmation.
Andropov 24 November 1893, made an official statement in which, inter alia, stated: in response to the aggressive actions of the United States, the Soviet Union cancels the moratorium on the deployment of nuclear medium-range missiles in the European part of the USSR, the GDR and Czechoslovakia will be placed missiles with extended range; to reduce the nuclear danger on the part of America relevant Soviet missile systems will be deployed in ocean areas and seas. In response, the US placed its “Pershing” and “Tomahawks” in Germany, great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium.
… a Tough nuclear confrontation between the USSR and the USA continued until September 1986, when the last in the history of the Soviet Union, General Secretary of the CPSU Mikhail Gorbachev at the meeting with the US President Ronald Reagan first announced the idea of the rejection of the arms race the two world superpowers. In practice, this proposal was realized only a year after the signing between the leaders of the two countries to the Treaty on the elimination of intermediate-range and shorter-range. From this point on, nuclear military confrontations between States began to wane in the next three years disappeared. By the beginning of 90s period of the cold war between the USSR and America ended.
© Russian Seven
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