Contents page 1 — unexplained gap remains page 2 — Three-quarters of the gap are explained On a page
read the wage gap between men and women Is small? No, the latest Figures from the Federal Statistical office, the so-called Gender-Pay – Gap-the salary difference between men and women. Accordingly, the unadjusted earnings differential between the sexes of fraud in the past year, 21 percent – and as much as in the previous year.
women have thus obtained an average gross wage of 17,09 Euro, men were paid with 21,60 Euro per hour. Women get a fifth less than men. This discrepancy is also Equal Pay Day to draw attention to in this year, on Monday, the 18. March takes place. The day symbolizes the difference the Income and marked in purely mathematical terms, the time of the year, the women more or less “free” work. Is aligned to the day of the German section of the global network of Business and Professional Women (BPW), held also in many other countries in the world, a Kampagnentag. However, the Equal Pay Day takes place in each country on a different day, because the wage gap is, depending on the state. Germany is in European comparison, at the end of the list. Only in Estonia and the Czech Republic, the salary difference is 25.6 and 21.1 per cent, slightly higher, reveal new Figures from Eurostat.
The German Federal Statistical office has also studied the regional differences, the salary gap in this country. Thus, salary differences are mainly a Problem in the West: Here, women were paid on average 22 percent less than men, in the East there were difference, however, 15 percent of Earnings.
And looking at the development over ten years, we can see that the unequal pay hardly anything has changed: in 2009, the gap between men and women was 23 percent in the old länder, the rate was 24 percent.
critics point to the methodology
However, each year, stimulates criticism both of the Equal-Pay-Day as well as by the Federal Statistical office published Figures for the unadjusted pay gap. Especially, the methodology for the unadjusted Gender Pay-criticised-Cap and the value of comparisons of quasi-Apples and oranges.
The German Federal Statistical office evaluates for this purpose, data from 1.9 million social workers from insured from all sectors and Professions, and compares the sexes to each other. Excluded from the scope of the employment but, also, it is not recorded how the level of Earnings generally make a distinction according to sectors or occupational groups.
And, therefore, a part of the gap can be explained by the fact that women work much more often than men in part-time employment during the family phase exposed on the Job longer, less likely to be in leadership roles are 47 percent of the women worked in 2017, part-time, but only nine percent of men and more occupations in which the wage level is low. As the reason for part-time work and managerial positions, women are predominantly familial obligations such as care of children and dependent persons. For the career choice of girls and boys, which is largely traditionally is used, especially the dominance of old role models for the explanation. This is demonstrated by several studies. Even if the roles change: the girls decide, more often than not, therefore, for a typical Women’s job, because they think early on, at a later time, reconciliation of family and work. Young, often well-paid jobs for Men, because they see themselves as the breadwinner of the family.