History 14/02/20 Wikipedianow the ark and other unsolved mysteries of the Caucasus
the Caucasus is associated with many legends, stories and amazing finds, over which puzzled the most eminent archaeologists and historians.
this is Probably the oldest mystery in the Caucasus, because according to the Bible Noah landed on mount Ararat when the waters of the flood began to subside. And it turns out that all people are descended from the first inhabitants of Ararat. A lot of archaeologists wanted to explore the mountain, but the government of Turkey in 1974 was forbidden to examine the slope on which lies the ancient ship. According to the testimony of Armenian George Hagopian the ark, made of sturdy gopher wood, is still on the mountain. Supposedly in 1905 George, being eight-year-old, along with grandpa found the ark and even went inside it. In 1939, the American magazine “New Eden” published memoirs of Russian pilot Vladimir Rogovicnogo who saw the ark from an airplane in 1916. Moreover, the alleged Russian Tsar even sent to Ararat an expedition that visited the ark, but all the results and pictures burned in the fire of revolution. Last seen Noah’s ark Chinese: supposedly in 2009 they climbed the mountain, found the ark in the ice, visited him and even took samples, which showed that the wood was 4800 years.
Scientists believe the video and fotochimici Chinese fake. But even if it did, the ark is still somewhere on top of the forbidden mountain.
In the West, the Caucasus mountains, on the territory of Abkhazia, Georgia and Turkey was a great Kingdom of Colchis, inhabited kolami. In these parts was the legendary Polis Dioscuriada and was a huge city of the barbarians, which was born of the mythical Medea. Came the leader of the Argonauts Jason for the Golden fleece. It’s a Greek myth chained the Titan Prometheus to the Kazbek great in “mountains of Scythia” and that his “blood is dripping on the rocks KaVkusa”. Abkhazian legend says: “At the most on top of mount Elbrus opened a terrible abyss, from which comes the sound of moaning — there is a chained giant. Beard giant to toe, the whole body is overgrown grey hair, hands and feet of heavy chain.”
the Great Abkhazian wall
In the Caucasus have a daunting Kelasuri wall. Its length is 160 kilometers. The ancient wall, lies partly in ruins, but it can still be seen on the territory of Abkhazia. On the wall is about three towers up to 12 meters. From whom or what was defending himself built the wall people, is unclear. Some believe that the wall was built in the XVII century the Prince of Mingrelia, Levan II Dadiani to protect against the Abkhazians, and others say that in ancient times it was erected by the Greeks, being protected from the local people, others believe that the wall was built by the Byzantines to protect against Mingrelians (Georgians).
the Caucasian dolmens is probably the mystical mystery of the Caucasian mountains. None of the other artifacts do not cause such a flurry of guesses and assumptions, how these megaliths. It is officially the tomb. For example, near the village Shepsi were found, the dolmen, which was the round ball and the remains of a man buried for a thousand years before there was a Pharaoh Cheops.
Usually the dolmens are dated to 3-2 centuries BC they can be Found in the mountainous regions of Krasnodar Krai, Adygea, near Ochamchira in Abkhazia and in the valley of the Labe river. Found more than 3,000 dolmens, but studied no more than 6% of the facilities. It is believed that the culture of domains came from the territory of ancient Spain or even North Africa. Dolmens in the Caucasus is different — some are made of huge stone slabs, others cut in the rock. Some even have their own names: Khan, Tenderness, Thor.
fountain of youth
This legend appeared in the Caucasus is not accidental, because there are so many healing sources. Legend tells that somewhere out there, far away in the mountains is the source of eternal youth. Many heroes searched for it, but if not found, it said. And many simply never came back — because water, the giver youth, it is so easy to overdo it. Drank too much and became a baby who has nothing will not tell anyone.
Riddle El Tubo
“the city of the dead” – so called the cemetery of the El Tubo in chegemsky gorge Kabardino-Balkar Republic. It’s also a place called “the Nest of eternal youth”. Ground crypts like little houses. Assumed that the building began around the thirteenth century. The cemetery is associated with many legends. One States that during the excavations there were found the remains of two giants guarding the valley (growth of males was slightly more than two meters, which in ancient times was a rarity). The question remains — who are they guarding?
the Legends say that the village itself is famous for its centenarians, and supposedly this is due to the fact that it is on top of the mighty pyramid.
Towers of Svaneti
Another mystery of the Caucasus — is the tower of Svaneti (Georgia). The tower can be seen in many villages. One thing is unclear — what role they performed. It is known that they were built from VIII to XIII century, then they stopped to build. Svan towers have three floors: the first is solid, second is the entrance, accessed by a wooden staircase. The walls are vertical, and the roof is decorated with teeth. Each tower has only one narrow window, and facing it to the South. The hearth or stove are missing. Their function is still unclear: to defend them is difficult, from avalanches, they do not protect. The current population often uses them as storage.
© Russian Seven
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