According to the President of the Federal Network Agency, an unequal gas supply in Germany would have far-reaching consequences. “The moment the pressure in the gas network in a region falls below a certain minimum, the fuse in hundreds of thousands of gas boilers would suddenly kick in,” said Klaus Müller to the newspapers of the Funke media group. “They would have to be manually activated again by trained specialists if gas were available in the region again.”
Nobody can want such a scenario, “because it would take a very long time to restore the gas supply. So it will always be the aim of the Federal Network Agency to order reductions in industrial consumption if necessary so that this scenario does not occur,” said Müller
According to Müller, the gas flows in Germany have so far been more or less evenly distributed. “That could change if we only received gas from Norway, the Netherlands or Belgium,” says Müller. Therefore, the reservoirs are already being filled so that the south can also be adequately supplied. “For example, we are currently not only focusing on the largest German storage facility in Rehden in Lower Saxony, but also on the storage facility in Wolfersberg in Bavaria.”
In view of the gas crisis and rising energy prices, there is growing concern in the cities that municipal utilities will run into serious economic difficulties – and that security of supply would be jeopardized. “The pressure on the public utilities is increasing every day,” said the general manager of the German Association of Cities, Helmut Dedy, the German Press Agency. If the public utilities were to pass on the sharply rising prices, many households would be overwhelmed by the costs. If they don’t pass it on, many municipal utilities could face bankruptcy, he warned. “The supply of many households would no longer be safe.”
Federal Minister of Economics Robert Habeck had also warned of a “price explosion” for gas. He was referring to a possible total failure of Russian gas supplies. Russia invaded Ukraine at the end of February and has since been at odds with the EU states that support the government in Kyiv.
Annual maintenance work on the Nord Stream 1 pipeline, which usually lasts ten days, begins on July 11. Then no gas flows through the line. The big concern is that Russia won’t turn on the gas tap again after the maintenance. The gas flows from Nord Stream 1 are already only at 40 percent of the maximum capacity.
The Federal Network Agency warns on its website: “Companies and private consumers must be prepared for significantly increasing gas prices.” It is important to save as much gas as possible.
Dedy called for the federal and state governments to prevent municipal suppliers from getting into serious trouble. “Otherwise the security of supply in Germany would be in danger.” It is predominantly the municipal utilities, from which many households obtain gas and electricity, water or heat. The pressure to act grows every day.
The federal government must immediately put the municipal suppliers under the protective umbrella for companies. He also called for affected municipal utilities to be quickly granted liquidity aid through guarantees and loans. In his opinion, an insolvency moratorium must also be initiated in the short term in order to suspend the obligation to file for insolvency.
Transport companies, municipal hospitals, schools, baths and other public facilities would also feel the consequences of the energy crisis. In addition, Dedy called for an honest debate: “We have to talk about it: what comfort can we do without and what remains necessary on site? It’s about street lighting and traffic light switching, hot water in public buildings, museums and sports halls, fans in schools or air conditioning systems.”
In order to assess the risk of a lack of gas, one would have to be able to look into the head of Russian President Vladimir Putin, Habeck said on Saturday evening at an event of the weekly newspaper “Die Zeit” in Hamburg. “But you see a pattern, and that can lead to this scenario.” You are dealing with “a quasi economic warfare dispute”. Habeck said that the Russian calculation is to keep prices high in Germany in order to “unite and to destroy the solidarity of the country”. He referred to the beginning of the steps from stopping gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria to the current situation.
Germany is trying to react to this with energy-saving campaigns and the use of coal. Logically, the next step could follow the previous reduction in Russian gas.
With a view to suppliers such as the largest German gas importer Uniper, who got into trouble, Habeck said: The companies that have imported a lot of Russian gas “have a real problem”. They would have to fulfill their supply contracts with public utilities, for example, but they would have to buy much more expensive gas elsewhere.
There are two options: Either the state supports the companies with tax money. “Or the companies are allowed to pass on the prices.” This is provided for in the Energy Security Act, with which the so-called car-free Sunday was introduced in the 1970s. Discussions about a necessary change in the law were ongoing.