Another 01/01/20 the town In which the USSR was most dangerous to live
Criteria for evaluating the degree of danger to the life of the Soviet person in a particular city of the Soviet Union had several. But they were United on one thing – like differentiation was a consequence of the proposed circumstances the most different.
In the Great Patriotic war, by definition, the most dangerous living city in the Soviet Union was the Leningrad of the major cities of the Soviet Union it in terms of “decrease of population” suffered the most.
the Soviet city of Leningrad in the great Patriotic in the USSR was only 16 years old. According to historians, during the existence of the Soviet Union, he became the first city in the country of Soviets, which on the scale of danger for its inhabitants no longer comparable to any other urban settlement in the USSR.
According to Nicholas Manakova, the author of the books “the blockade: the economy and everyday life of the besieged Leningrad”, for 872 days tight closure by the Nazis from a supply (from September 1941 to January 1944), the Soviet Union was not the village, who would have experienced hardship, comparable to the trials that befell Leningrad.
According to official data of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation, during that time died of starvation, shelling and bombing up to half a million citizens of Leningrad (from hunger – 97%). According to estimates of the American expert Michael Walzer, engaged in the study of the history of the participation of the USSR in the great Patriotic war, the total number of civilians killed in the bombing of Dresden, Hamburg, attacked in Tokyo, Hiroshima and Nagasaki will not be enough to compare the number of these victims with those who died in defense of Leningrad.
Norilsk in the Soviet Union was considered the most “dirty” in the country. Alexander Korostelev in the book “Case “Norilskiy Nickel” cites the fact that in the 70-ies of XX century, state institutions of the Soviet Union, engaged in the problems of conservation (then still there was not such science as ecology), considered the northernmost city of the Soviet Union’s most deprived for living in the country.
Norilsk with 30 years, starting with the construction in 1935 of the Norilsk Nickel plant (he in fact became the ancestor of the future city), eventually gained its environmental “antimode” – so much so that to the 70-th years, says Alexander Korostelev, a cloud of poisonous gas products production plant over the North pole made it to Canada, the foreign experts have identified and classified this threat. In 1971 the Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau, on this occasion, personally visited Norilsk.
Information about the diseases of the inhabitants of Norilsk in the Soviet times partly published, but a complete picture of the effects of the plant on the health of the population of the city they do not give: Norilsk in the Soviet Union was a closed military city, so such information is still not officially made public.
However, indirectly, the Soviet Norilsk trend of increased danger for life and confirmed today – Roshydromet considers this city to be the most atmospheric polluted in Russia – the maximum permissible concentration of harmful emissions exceeds the standards by tens or even hundreds of times – not only in air but also in water, where dumping waste “Norilsk Nickel”. This is supported by studies of Greenpeace and Rosprirodnadzor checks.
By the way, the Norilsk – creative forge today many well-known artists and media figures in Zapolyarny drama theatre in its time (second half of 40’s-early 50-ies) were innocent Smoktunovsky, in Norillag served time George Zhzhenov (he is in exile also played in the Arctic theater and partnerstvovala on stage with Smoktunovsky). First journalistic experience in Norilsk STRC received the TV presenter Dana Borisova.
One of the fundamental factors affecting the safety of the Soviet citizen is criminogeneth component in a particular city. The most dangerous for Soviet citizens of the Soviet Union in terms of crime, the media called Kazan, Odessa, Rostov-on-don, Dnepropetrovsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur and some Ural city – at various times of the Soviet Union.
But, according to the findings of the study the main researcher of one of the structural subdivisions of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Victor Luneev, the most criminal city of the Soviet Union was still the Moscow it in all the years of Soviet power was the focus of many different adventurers and other criminals.
© Russian Seven
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