History 18/02/20 Much received Russian traitors in the service of Hitler
Collaboration during the great Patriotic war – one of the most frustrating fact of our history. Even more shocking is that the Soviet betrayal of Judas willing to take compensation.
REICHSMARK for eloquence
the German occupation authorities tried to encourage the local population. That’s what was promised by the representatives of the German commandant in the Lusatian district of the Leningrad region: “People! From today you are under the protection of the German military administration. We bring order and security. In the two decades you have oppressed and exploited, now you are a free people. You will receive your lawful wages, which you were fraudulently deprived of for decades”.
About the salary, it is certainly a propaganda ploy, but the award was given in the first place, collaborators. Bestowed traitors not only cash prizes but also food rations, and special orders. Most often the gifts were presented to the Fuhrer’s birthday, or the date of the liberation of the village from the Bolsheviks.
in 1943, the Germans began to pay publicity to local citizens, in all colors describing the advantages of the new German order. In one fiery speech advocate received 25 occupation marks (the REICHSMARK 1 corresponds to 10 rubles). Active promotion of the agitators was due to the efforts of the guerrilla movement.
In some cases there were more serious awards. So, the capture of guerrilla commander in Oboyanskaya and Krivtsovskoe districts of the Kursk region could cost 4 thousand Reichsmarks and 100 hectares of land.
the Price of betrayal
the price had and denunciations. Distributed among the Soviet citizens leaflets, the occupation authorities had offered to hand over or destroy the red army, partisans, and also different kinds of pests and marauders, for which he promised to pay 1000 rubles or remuneration, or subject to special food rations, or the ability to obtain land or increase the area of the surrounding area.
Prices were always different, depending on the commandant and issued by the entity. Especially appreciated the extradition of Jews. Participant in the partisan movement Leonid Okun told me that in Belarus for the capture of fleeing from the ghetto Jew, the Germans promised to reward peck of flour or a cow.
However, on a voluntary informants, the Germans were not supposed to, simultaneously recruiting from the local inhabitants their agents. Every denunciation agent is paid for separately, but the maximum rate did not exceed 25 Reichsmarks. Often instead of monetary compensation agent were paid with food, alcohol, tobacco, cattle, farm property, land. For example, in Orel region the most active scammers endowed with 11 acres of land, in the Pskov district received 25 hectares.
According to the instructions of the military command of Bryansk, all the inhabitants were obliged to report cases of sabotage, assassination, concealment Commissars and Jews. The reluctance to make denunciation could be pokarano death, and those who do decide to inform the authorities, expecting a reward of up to 5000 rubles.
Help, and we’ll pay
In contrast to the informers or agitators which consisted of local power structures often receive good salary. For example, in Staraya Russa constable in the month and was earning 300 rubles, ordinary policemen, however, did not pay, however, enjoyed big benefits: they don’t pay taxes, had the best plots of land. Along with the elders of the policemen were true masters in their area of responsibility.
One of the most active accomplices of the German authorities was Belarusian policeman Timothy Tishchenko. He regularly took prisoners of the Smolensk ghetto to be shot, and then removed from the clothes of those killed – after its implementation he got very bitter taste.and products.
Lithuanian historian Petras Stankeras in his work “Lithuanian police battalions” cites the documents which contain the estimates of the Provisional government of Lithuania of 23 July 1941. In particular, it contains data on salaries of heads of the district police. According to this information, the chief of police of Vilnius have earned 1000 roubles a month, his aide – 800 roubles; the chief of police of Kaunas was based on a salary of 900 rubles, his assistant – 700 rubles. The lowest salary was the average of the police – 450 rubles.
the Soldiers on the contents of the
the German command was encouraged not only civilian collaborators, but also the soldiers of the volunteer units of the POA. The first thing they received military uniforms of the German sample. In addition to the uniforms they were provided with food and allowances.
Officially, the salary alir combatants were divided into three categories: the first category in a month could count on 375 roubles, the second 450, and third – 525 rubles. But in practice, handed amounts have been lower. For example, in one of volunteer battalions of soldiers received monthly for 240 rubles, the Junior officers – 465.
In the Cossack connections of the Wehrmacht was the ranking according to the family status of the unit: single Cossacks earned 250 rubles, married – 300. Despite the fact that the “Russian” military units of the Reich were quartered separately from the German parts, housing, food and medical care for them was the same free.
On the monetary contentment of the Germans was and Tatar volunteer units of the Crimea, led by German or Romanian instructors. Their area of responsibility – the fight against the guerrillas. The Crimean Tatars were given the form of the German or Romanian sample, as well as weapons abandoned by the red army. In addition, members of the Tatar military units received food, the best garden plots, plots of vineyards and tobacco plantations, all of them are partially or fully exempt from taxes.
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