History 23/01/20 “God will judge him”: why Denikin blamed the defeat of the white alcohol of General Mai-Maevsky

As you know, the culmination of the struggle of the White matter in the South of Russia was announced July 3, 1919, General Anton Denikin March on Moscow. The offensive of the Armed forces of South Russia (VSYUR) was initially successful. White took city after city, and a crucial role in promoting North played the proud commander of the Volunteer army. At its head was General Vladimir May-Mayevsky. On the General background of the commanders of the white armies and divisions it was distinguished by age and, as a consequence, rich combat experience. In the period May-Mayevsky was the 52nd year. He had a good war at the fronts of Russian-Japanese and First world wars.

As captain Makarov solder General

In contrast to Denikin, who, as you know, met the October revolution in prison, May-Majewski, you might say, was favored by the Provisional government, to give him the award. Preserved information according to which the General was very fond of soldiers. To join the anti-Bolshevik resistance, he decided (or was able) immediately. Only in the spring of 1918 May-Majewski showed up on the don, despite all the regalia, signed up for service in the Volunteer army of ordinary fighter. And yet the combatant’s life was not for this General, very fat, and weakly present in a bayonet charge.

He was lucky to be one of the elite units of the White movement – Drozdowski division. Of course, knowledge May-Maevsky was soon noted, and he began climbing the ladder. After the death of the division commander Mikhail Drozdovsky from the wound at the beginning of 1919 May-Mayevsky, “inherit” his place – he became head of the legendary drozdovtsev. Accustomed to trust the officers, he was unable to crack the red scout Paul Makarov. The amazing easy on the inside toveroia to the commander of the Volunteer army, have eliminated something suspected security chief General quite freely and feel close to those who directly depended the fate of the White matter.

it was Rumored, Makarov received an unprecedented impact on the May-Majewski, manipulated them in dealing with personnel issues and, what is most important, being fed his benefactor. The headquarters of General the time were able to hide addiction the chief. However, the drunken nights that took place after big wins or after losses, when the commander needed a fresh mind for making strategic decisions, quickly spread to the entire army. Many of the officers decided that if May-Majewski drinks, so we can be.

“a Roman patrician era of decline”

Serving under the command of General-drunk Boris Shteifon in his book “the Crisis of volunteering” gave him these words: “a Man undoubtedly capable, strong and intelligent, May-Majewski had the weakness, which in the end paralyzed all the best parties of his soul and character, brought a lot of damage to white matter and prematurely brought the General into the grave. I first met him in December 1918 Yuzovka. Of medium height, with profile “a Roman patrician era of decline”, he was red and excited. When I left in May and then expressed to someone their impressions about this strange visit, I explained the reasons for my surprise. Later I began to meet with General May-Majewski and was convinced that he really has a weakness for wine. Weakness turned into a habit”.

According to the memoirs of General Shteifon, commander of the Volunteer army “liked to drink in company, to conduct the conversations, and for this pastime the daily environment is a little fighting had. Yes, and there are no suitable partners.”

General Pyotr Wrangel, who claimed the position of commander of the volunteers and after the resignation of Mai-Maevsky took place, is also considered necessary to tell in his memoirs about his first meeting with the General.

“Small, extremely fat, with a bloated red face, with pendulous cheeks and a huge nose-plum, little bat eyes at clean-shaven with no mustache and beard, he, without his uniform, would be undoubtedly adopted by each of the comedian any provincial scene. Experienced, knowledgeable business leader and certainly not a stupid man, General May-Majewski in the conversation made a very favorable impression,” said Wrangell.

Later, however, the Baron-“rejimmy” became the main criticism of the May-Majewski, constantly reporting to Denikin on his vices and how it prevents common cause. If you believe Wrangel, often at the rate of commander of the Volunteer army was going through the craziness. Forget about the direct duties, the General spent a lot of time in inadequate condition and drags the other commanders. Captain Makarov as he could have contributed to the drunkenness of his boss.

“From General James Yuzefovich I learned a lot and sad. According to him, the headquarters of General May-Maevsky, led him behaved in Rostov very inexcusable manner. Homeric sprees and wildly throwing money in front of the whole population was aroused among the reasonable items just a murmur. The rear was still not organized”, – stated in his “Notes,” General Wrangel.

the Mystery of the death of General Mai-Maevsky

October 17, 1919, the volunteers in the armed forces of South Russia took the town of Novosil near the eagle and 350 km South from Moscow. He remained home to the greatest proximity of the whites to the ancient capital. When General Denikin had already distributed the portfolios in the future government, which May-Majewski was to become Minister of war, red reinforced, regrouped and stopped the enemy. The victory was replaced weeks a disorderly retreat. In terms of the failure of the campaign and the total collapse of the army May-Majewski had not controlled himself in the libations, though it still can beabout to save – or at least to eliminate the consequences of defeat.

Only at the end of November 1919, Denikin was fired in May-Majewski, taking into account the “discovered defects” and “wanting to use the ability of cavalry of General Wrangel”. In his “Essays on Russian troubles” commander in chief VSYUR, explaining the finding of the May-Majewski led the volunteers, was justified by the fact that few knew the man to work together.

“After his resignation opened a lot to me: from all sides, from the civil investigation, from accidental witnesses, fell reports, stories about how this brave soldier and the unfortunate people suffering from illness the binge fought, but not who defeated him, dropped the prestige of the government and released from the hands the reins of government. Stories that put me in deep confusion and mourning”, – said General Denikin.

the Following months May-Majewski has lived all abandoned and practically without means of livelihood, while Wrangell has not offered him the leadership of the front during the defense of the Crimea. November 12, 1920, in the midst of an evacuation, the General died. What happened to him remained a mystery. Version Denikin, Mai-Maevsky “died of a broken heart at the moment when the last ships with the remnants of the White army left Sevastopol”. Others have said that as a true patriot, he committed suicide, unable to accept the defeat of the whites.

“Personality May-Majewski will go down in history with a harsh condemnation… Not deny or justify… God will judge him!” – concluded General Denikin in his “Essays…”.

Okunev Dmitry

© Russian Seven

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