History 22/02/20 How the Soviet Union created a biological weapon
the development of biological weapons in the USSR from official sources is almost nothing to learn. Nevertheless, information about it exists. Closed and looking through the archival materials of the Soviet years, you know, why was it concealed from the public.
Outside the law
In June, 1925, adopted the Geneva Convention banning the use of biological weapons. But after two months in the Soviet Union when the red army organized a Military-chemical management on the creation of intentional biological attack. The seriousness of the enterprise is evidenced by the fact that it was invited many prominent Soviet doctors, chemists and biologists.
it Is believed that attempts to use biological weapons existed back in the Civil war. Then allegedly security officers in places where whites were spreading the causative agents of typhoid and typhus fevers. According to this version, commander of the southern army, General Nikolai Ivanov (who in March 1917 attempted to organize a punitive expedition on Petrograd) was one of the victims of infection.
the Results of Soviet war received immediately. According to the chemist Lev Fyodorov, the author of the book “the Soviet biological weapons: history, ecology, politics”, only to 1940, the Soviet Union managed to create a real biological weapon. Its effectiveness, according to the writer, has been proven by numerous tests on animals, and people – prisoners of prisons and camps.
the Development of biological weapons as a response to the aggression of the imperialists began in 1926. The Soviet authorities were confident that the West intends to use the bacteria as a military weapon against the young socialist state.
In the Moscow laboratory of Ginsburg began experiments to increase the destructive possibilities of anthrax. At the same time, in suburban Peruskoin dealt with the protection from biological attacks. These secret agencies have appeared in Leningrad, Sverdlovsk, Suzdal, Stepnogorsk. Was going to organize a biochemical laboratory, even on the lake, but changed his mind.
In the early 1930-ies on the island Gorodomlya (Seliger) Institute was opened officially involved in obtaining vaccines against FMD. But soon his staff turned to the development of biological weapons. Institute it was decided to move away from the eyes – on lost in the Aral sea Isle Revival.
With a span
focused On experiments on human beings in the process of creating biological weapons is nowhere reported, although the researchers in the archives of the Military-chemical administration found a record, from which it is clear that the fundamental objection in this regard does not exist. Anyway, the victims of a failed laboratory tests were. Perhaps accidental.
on 4 January 1934 the head of the Military-chemical control of Fishman reported Kliment Voroshilov that the weapon is codenamed “substance 49” on the basis of anthrax ready and can be used by the army. A few days before the technician Lomov, an employee of the Department, where I developed the “substance 49”, died as a result of poisoning.
Lev Fedorov, claims that tests of new types of biological weapons in the Soviet Union was broad-based, in particular, they were involved in the air force and Navy. According to the scientist, with planes dropping containers filled with the bacteria of tularemia, plague, cholera, since the Red Army was preparing for a biological war, as reported to the people’s Commissar of defense Kliment Voroshilov on 22 February 1938.
According to the researchers, for the first time the Soviet Union used biological weapons at Stalingrad, on the eve of the Soviet counteroffensive. However, the experience proved unsuccessful. Victims of biological attack was not so much the soldiers of the Wehrmacht, as the rodents, who began to run across to the location of Soviet troops.
“desfive days prior to the counteroffensive, were dramatic for the 16-th air army. In the first half of November, we were warned about the invasion of mice. In addition, the rodents were ill with tularemia. The most unlucky army headquarters. Getting into the house, mice infected food and water, sick people,” recalled a future air Marshal Sergei Rudenko.
After the war, creating biological weapons in the Soviet Union continued. The experiments were conducted in a closed area on the island of Rebirth, called Aralsk-7. Still with the aircraft spraying “future combat strains” – from anthrax to bubonic plague.
Guinea pigs were used primarily monkeys, as their respiratory system is similar to the human. Alas, has not managed and without human victims. In 1971, a sudden gust of wind brought your cloud in the Aral sea, resulting from the virus killed about 50 people who were on the research vessel.
in the Spring of 1979, tragedy befell Sverdlovsk. At that time there was a secret bacteriological laboratory No. 19. As it was established, due to accidental exposure to air of spores of the pathogen a disease killed 64 people, according to unofficial sources, over 500. Then everything was blamed on the CIA.
After the collapse of the USSR, all biological weapons in our country were curtailed, and the secret lab closed, in particular, from the danger zone were evacuated all employees of the Aralsk-7, they were transferred to other work. In 1997 invited the us military to convince the US authorities that the laboratory no longer exists, but teeming with dangerous pathogens safely preserved burial grounds.
According to official data, today Russia does not possess biological weapons. In 1992, Boris Yeltsin issued a decree according to which is forbidden in our country the creation and implementation of biological programs in the field of armaments.
© Russian Seven
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