History 17/02/20 As the generals of the Wehrmacht were sitting in a secular captivity
the Germans began to fall into Soviet captivity in droves after the battle of Stalingrad. In General, the conditions of their stay there was hardly favorable, but there were those who were kept in relative comfort and had a number of privileges.
According to the Soviet archives, all were captured more than 2.3 million troops of the enemy army. German sources claim that the figure was almost 3.5 million. Many of them never returned back home, unable to bear the harsh life in the camps.
the rank and file and Junior officers were required to work, and how they perform their duties, depended on their standard of living. All live better drummers, who received higher salaries and other benefits.
there was fixed rate of wages is $ 10, but the prisoner, exceeding the norm by 50-100%, could get two times more. Especially the privileged position occupied foremen from among former soldiers of the Wehrmacht. Their level of allowances could reach up to 100 rubles. They had the right to hold funds in savings banks, to obtain from the country parcels and letters.
in addition, the strikers were given free soap. If their clothes are worn out, the administration also changed it in a timely manner. Since 1947, the camps were open shops, where workers could buy meat and milk and snack bars, where they served hot meals and coffee.
Closer to the kitchen
Preferences enjoyed by those prisoners who managed to get to the kitchen. Usually there took the Austrians, Romanians and Czechs, so the Germans tried to hide their origin. Wehrmacht soldier Hans Moeser recalled that working in the kitchen, trying to provide the best food “their” and tried to give them the best solder to use when cooking good foods.
At the same time for other pike, on the contrary, could be curtailed. For example, the daily ration of a prisoner from the rank and file at the rate of 400 grams bread, 100 grams of cereals, the same amount of fish as well as 500 grams of potatoes and vegetables. Admitted to the kitchen have increased for the ration for bread and potatoes with vegetables 200 grams, respectively, so reducing the portions for others. Sometimes, because of this, there were conflicts, and then to the food carriers were assigned guard.
However, in most camps, rations were almost always less than stated, and were issued in full. Because of difficulties with food supplies daily often reduced, however, no one consciously hunger of the Germans are not starved. Unlike the Germans who abused prisoners of war in the death camps.
he recalled How captured German pilot Heinrich Aynzidel, the best in Russian captivity lived staff officers and generals. The first members of the high command of the Wehrmacht were captured in February 1943 – a total of 32 people, including the commander of the 6th army of Friedrich Paulus.
the Vast majority of generals was kept in fairly comfortable conditions. According to the editor of the journal of the RAS “modern and contemporary history,” Boris Havkin, mostly high-ranking officers of the Wehrmacht was located in the Moscow suburb of Krasnogorsk, the resort voykovo in the Ivanovo region, in Suzdal and in Gagarski Sverdlovsk region.
So, in the camp №48 in voykove the beginning of 1947 there were 175 of the German generals. In their possession was a spacious room, where they lived for three people. The camp was well-kept Park with flower beds and pedestrian paths, which were allowed to roam freely. Located near the garden, where the generals could, if desired, to work. Vegetables grown there then got them on the table.
In accordance with the “regulations on prisoners of war” from 1941, the senior officers in captivity have retained the right to wear the uniform and insignia were provided with good medical care, had the right to correspondence with his relatives.
the Order of the NKVD dated 5 June 1942 was established for the generals of the allowance of 50 rubles per month. On the day they received 600 grams of bread, 125 grams of fish, 25 grams of meat. In total more than 20 kinds of products. Besides daily “privileged prisoners” assumed a 20 cigarettes and three packs of matches.
All these small pleasures did not concern those who served in the SS. So, the commander of the 1st Panzer SS division “Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler” Wilhelm Mohnke was sitting first in the Butyrka, and then in the Lefortovo prison and then was sentenced to 25 years in prison. The sentence was served in the famous Vladimir Central.
Important a prisoner
field Marshal Friedrich Paulus was also kept in the sanatorium voikove. The commander progressed colon cancer, so he was given the best medical care, the assigned diet. On holidays, the field Marshal was allowed a beer. In addition, Paulus was engaged in creativity – carving, good material around was enough. In captivity the commander sat down writing his memoirs.
© Russian Seven
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