History 26/01/20 Why Vlasov called the main traitor of the great Patriotic
Surrendered in July 1942, Lieutenant-General of the red Army Andrei Vlasov took what is called a “vacant niche”. If it was not, the Germans would have found someone else who would head the collaborationist formations of Soviet prisoners of war.
our consideration to exclude emigres. They could only have a local influence, such as former Cossack generals Pyotr Krasnov and Andrei Shkuro. But their names have nothing good to say to the mass of the soldiers of the red army have grown up after the civil war and educated in the hatred of whites. At best, the tsarist generals of the immigrants would be perceived by the Soviet prisoners of indifference. For the role that took play Vlasov, needed Soviet military leader, preferably a member of the CPSU(b), has acquired fame in the USSR, his example shows that such people consider Stalin’s regime doomed.
Among those Soviet generals, who bowed in captivity to cooperate with the enemy, Vlasov is better suited to this place. But circumstances could arise, so that he wouldn’t get captured. For example, in March 1942, he would not have received the appointment on the Volkhov front, would not have been in the 2nd shock army. Who could take the vacant place?
a Potential Deputy Vlasov had to wear a Slavic name, keep in the red army at least the rank of General and to take before the capture of the post, preferably below the commander or chief of staff of the army, at the worst – case. In captivity, a General came into ROA or otherwise collaborated with the enemy, and after the war, he was arrested.
the last paragraph there is one exception. Lieutenant-General Mikhail Lukin, commander of the 19th army, was captured in October 1941, Vyazma, being seriously wounded In the camp hospital the German doctor Amutinovl his leg. After the war he was given formally to be restored in the army and discharged. In August 1945, the head of SMERSH Viktor Abakumov wrote to Stalin that, despite the exercise of Lukin in captivity “anti-Soviet sentiment”, considers it desirable to release him and provide undercover surveillance, as no evidence of his cooperation with the enemy has not been set.
In 1994 came the publication of articles questioning Lukin at the headquarters of army group “Center”. 14 December 1941, Lukin suggested that the Germans form anti-Stalinist government of Russia. “The Russians would have been grateful for getting rid of the Stalinist regime, he said. – If you will create the alternative Russian government, a Russian will think… that they’re really only fighting against the Bolshevik system, not against Russia.”
Lukin, despite your handicap, offered himself to work in such combination. However, advised to find instead of himself, to lead a more healthy head of captured generals. According to the memoirs of Wilfried Shtrik-of Strikfeldt, curator ROA, Lukin was a precondition of their participation that the Germans made a political statement that not fighting a war against the national statehood of Russia. Since nothing of the kind followed, the idea involving Lukin disappeared.
the Generals, who was not involved in the ROA
Among the captured Soviet generals meet grade, who were captured during the initial period of the war, but did not participate in ROA, and three were repressed after 1945. Such a fate awaited in their place is not for everyone.
major-General Pavel Ponedelin, commander of the 12th army, was captured in August 1941 near Uman. In captivity showed the Germans the location of the Soviet troops in the moments before his capture. The Germans also used in the promotional photos, where Ponedelin was removed from the ranks of the Wehrmacht. Proposals to join the ROA was rejected. After his release from captivity he was questioned five years and in 1950 was shot.
major General Pavel Artemenko was Vice-Vlasov command of the 37th army in September 1941 near Kiev. Vlasov came out of that environment, and his Deputy was captured. In captivity Artemenko got a severe form of exhaustion. In 1942 in the USSR sentenced to death. The sentence was executed in 1950. In 2001 the Chief military Prosecutor of the Russian Federation recognized the legitimate sentence (in 2004, cancelled).
major-General Alexander Samokhin in April 1942 was appointed commander of the 48th army of the Bryansk front. On the way to his destination his plane mistakenly landed at the location of the Germans. In 1945 Samokhina was sentenced to 25 years in the camps after Stalin’s death was released.
Many of those who joined Vlasov, was captured earlier and has embarked on the path of collaboration. Don’t be Vlasova, one of them could easily be replaced.
major-General Fedor Trukhin was one of the few generals of the red army, not entered into the CPSU(b). For Trukhina, apparently, “white ticket” was of noble origin. He was born in a family of military of the Russian Empire, he had to war in the First world war, but further his career he associated with the revolution and the working people. In peacetime he was awarded order of the red banner.
At the beginning of the great Patriotic war Trukhin held the position of Deputy chief of staff of northwestern front. Already on 27 June he was captured. 19 Jul 1941, he was taken to camp Hammelburg, where were also many of those who then collaborated with Vlasov. “Among the prisoners there was much discussion of the causes of the defeat, were hot debates about the consequences of revolution and civil war, collectivization, repressions and Stalin’s system,” writes the historian of collaboration Kirill Alexandrov. Curiously, in the Soviet Union Trukhina in October 1941, was reported missing.
July 7, 1941, the prisoner was major-General of coastal service of the Baltic fleet Ivan Annunciation. He was a tsarist officer. In HammelsBurg became a member of the “Committee for the struggle against Bolshevism” of prisoners of war.
26 July 1941 captured near Gomel got major-General Dmitry Zakutnyaya, a don Cossack who voluntarily joined the red army in 1918. In captivity made an offer to the Germans to form a Russian national government, acting against Stalin. Trukhin and Zakutnyaya then made an appeal to the Germans with a proposal to create an anti-Soviet army prisoners of war.
the Chief of staff of the 19th army (whose commander was Lukin) major-General Vasilii Malyshkin, knight of the order of the red banner, was captured by the Germans at the same time with Lukin. All named persons to the various military-political projects, how to use to fight against Stalin Soviet prisoners of war and civilians, how to build a “future of Russia”, conducted propaganda among prisoners of war. But only in late 1942 – early 1943, the Germans brought them together under Vlasov.
it is Worth noting that among all the listed individuals only the Soviet Vlasov wore the rank of Lieutenant General and of fame much superior to the rest. Letting Vlasov captured, no doubt, helped the Germans recruit in the POA.
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