History 25/01/20 What is the most unusual trophy brought the Red Army from Germany
After the war the Soviet army took from Germany a lot of cultural values. More than 10 years in the Soviet Union was the altar of ancient Pergamum – the city where, according to the “Apocalypse” of St. John the Evangelist was “Satan’s seat”.
the History of the Pergamon altar
the Pergamon Kingdom, formed after the collapse of the Empire of Alexander the great, was considered one of the richest in Asia Minor. Pergamum is mentioned in the last book of the Bible. In the text “Revelations,” the Lord says to the angel of the Church of Pergamum that he “dwells where Satan’s seat is”. In Pergamum the Gentiles had killed a faithful disciple of the Apostle John, the Martyr Antipas of Pergamon – preacher of Christianity, died inside a red-hot copper bull.
And the “throne of Satan”, according to one version, John the Evangelist could be called a giant altar to Zeus, in the form similar to a huge throne. The altar, built in the II century BC, was the largest such structure in the ancient world, it was even included in the list of the seven wonders of the world. Daily on the altar were made blood sacrifices, the smoke from which rose above the city. The Byzantine Emperor Justinian in the sixth century ordered the use of the altar as the basis for the fortifications. This idea of the Basileus-Christian “Satan’s throne” and has been preserved to our days almost intact.
centuries Passed and in the place where once stood the Byzantine city walls, rose the hill, which enjoyed a bad reputation among the Turks. Local residents said that in the environs of ancient Pergamon usual evil spirit, and those who dared to get a stone on the hill, have lost the power of speech.
In the 70-ies of the XIX century Pergamum was uncovered by the German Carl Humann. The altar of Zeus, struck the imagination of the archaeologist in the first place a 120-metre sculptural frieze, on which was depicted the battle of gods and giants. The Pergamon altar was taken to Germany, and in 1914 exhibited at the Museum of the Emperor Frederick. In the 1920-ies to the altar erected a private Museum, whose construction has caused the protest of the Christian organization “the Union of rescuers-missionaries.”
the Altar in the USSR
With the end of World war II “throne of Satan” once again changed location. Despite its massive dimensions (length 36 meters, width 20 meters and height 9 meters), the Soviet specialists managed without damage to deliver the Pergamon altar to Leningrad. Take out a piece of art invited Professor and critic, Igor Grabar. Perhaps he was inspired by the words of the writer Ivan Turgenev about that “all true lovers of beauty” must “go to worship” to the Pergamon altar. However, evidence during the 13 years that the altar stood at the Hermitage, it was not allowed an audience.
one of the conspiracy theories, the old building took the Bolsheviks not in order to introduce people to the ancient culture. There were rumors that the architect Shchusev built the Lenin mausoleum just on the model of the Pergamon altar. In the memoirs of the Shchusev this is stated quite vaguely:
“I started to sort out in my head, to remember and found excavations under the walls of Troy stood a small thing, but significant. And so I did,” wrote the architect.
Coincidence or not, but one of the closest to red square Moscow Church bears the name of Antipas of Pergamum. Based on these facts, the researchers associated the Bolsheviks with Satanists, allow the assumption that the altar had been removed for ritual purposes. Moreover, even in Berlin it was chosen by European occultists. For example, at the altar whispered spells Liya Hirsig, a follower of the magician Aleister Crowley, which he identified with the whore of Babylon.
In 1958 on the orders of Khrushchev Pergamon altar was returned to the GDR. The Germans agreed to make a plaster copy of the structure, but only in 2002 it was exhibited in St. Petersburg state art-industrial Academy. A. L. Stieglitz. The original well is still in Berlin the Pergamon Museum, although in recent years the representatives of Turkey demanding the return of ancient structure on the territory of their country.
© Russian Seven
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