History 21/01/20 What fighting techniques were taught in KGB
the Stereotypical image of a KGB agent little associated with participation in fights — rather with intrigue and ingenious ways to eliminate political opponents. Meanwhile, the art of unarmed combat, the staff of the chief of the Soviet security services had an excellent command almost since its inception.
JIU-jitsu for OGPU
the GPU functions of physical training was 1923 rests with the coaches of the Proletarian sports society “Dynamo”. The skills of unarmed combat KGB trained leader “section of defense and attack” Viktor Spiridonov. According to researchers, Alexei Losev and Alexander Slinchenko, it was “the most knowledgeable, if not the only specialist self-defense”.
after Returning from the fronts of the Russo-Japanese war, Spiridonov became interested in wrestling the art of samurai JIU jitsu, which in those years began to gain popularity in the world. He studied it for tutorials, but has achieved great success. During the First world war, the master received a concussion and was discharged from military service. After the revolution, the retiree odd jobs until he found himself as a teacher of JIU-jitsu for future police officers and just of Soviet citizens who want to learn how to fend for themselves.
the Operatives of the OGPU studied the basics of unarmed combat in just 14 hours. From a vast array of JIU-jitsu Spiridonov took the methods of release from grabs, disarm and arrest the enemy. In 20-30 years Spiridonov issued 3 guidance on self-defense, adding a JIU-jitsu technique Boxing blows.
the Transition to Sambo
Heritage Spiridonova was used in intelligence for a very long time, but in 30 years of any alternative system created by Vasily Oshchepkov. This native of Sakhalin in his youth he lived in Japan where he studied martial arts. He became the third ever European to get a second Dan JUDo 20 years in the Japanese occupied Sakhalin Oschepkov had become an important Soviet intelligence agent.
In the USSR, martial art Oshchepkova useful when you create a GTO that passed including employees of the OGPU-NKVD. By the way, the name of Sambo (self defense without weapons) for the new system came up with the same Spiridonov, who sharply reacted negatively to the emergence of a competitor, and even contributed to his arrest as “enemy of the people”.
of the 43 methods included in the complex TRP, 20 had military purpose, allowing you to disarm the enemy, armed with a stick, knife, gun or other weapon. Gradually the NKVD established Sambo, as more suitable in case of hostilities the system. Study guide for the secret services in 1940 he published a student of Spiridonov and Oshchepkov Vyacheslav Volkov.
During the great Patriotic war, the NKVD saboteurs were taught combat techniques with weapons under the system of Nicholas Simkin. But in the postwar period until the late 1970-ies a preparation for fighting the KGB again reduced to the study of Sambo system Oshchepkova. The emphasis was on techniques to disarm and sporting items. Although in this period was conducted departmental competitions on Sambo-wrestling and hand-to-hand combat in General in this area has stagnated, new trends almost did not penetrate.
the Situation changed in the early 80-ies, when the Soviet security services took more than effectively counter the terrorists. And again, the coaches addressed the Japanese experience, however, in “Cuban” twist. Created by a native of the island of freedom Raul RISO system “operative karate”, who studied the police of the Castro regime, the USSR turned into “Applied karate”. Along with this, for the newly created divisions “alpha” and “Vympel”, as well as emergency operational combat groups teacher refresher Courses for operational staff, Alexander Dolmatov, has developed the “system of special physical training”.
the Emphasis was placed on actions andhe detention of enemy in different tactical conditions. These systems of unarmed combat experienced Soviet Union and was used by the Russian intelligence services in the early twenty-first century.
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