Many providers of AI systems promise a golden future. However, in order not to be among the AI ​​losers, numerous employees have to make an effort. This is what a new study shows. 

A rapid implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in companies is expected to lead to significant professional changes for numerous employees in Germany. 

According to a current study by the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) on Thursday (May 23), up to three million jobs in Germany could be affected by this development by 2030. That corresponds to around seven percent of total employment.

The McKinsey researchers’ scenario assumes an accelerated introduction of AI systems in the USA and Europe. This could lead to the automation of almost a third of working hours by 2030. By 2035, this number could even rise to 45 percent in the EU. 

According to the calculations, almost twelve million job changes could be necessary in Europe and the United States by 2030. In Europe, this corresponds to 6.5 percent of current jobs.

The study authors see this trend as a risk that the labor market will develop negatively. On the one hand, highly qualified and above-average paid jobs could hardly be filled. 

On the other hand, there is a risk of an oversupply of workers in the low-wage sector. In Europe, the share of high-paying professions could increase by 1.8 percentage points, while the share of low-paying professions could fall by 1.4 percentage points.

The McKinsey researchers see the biggest changes coming to office jobs in the administrative areas of companies and public institutions. More than every second job change caused by AI (54 percent) in Germany falls into this area. Along with Italy, Germany is particularly affected because office support jobs make up a high proportion of total employment. 

Customer service and sales followed at 17 percent, while production activities were affected at 16 percent.

Employees potentially affected by this can best protect themselves from being sidelined by AI through training and other qualification measures. 

According to the study, the demand for technical skills will increase significantly, by 25 percent in Europe alone. But social and emotional skills are also in greater demand (plus twelve percent).

The McKinsey researchers see the economic consequences as positive under these conditions: through an accelerated introduction of artificial intelligence and effective further qualification of employees in the European economy, the annual productivity growth rate in Europe could be increased to three percent by 2030.

The study by the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) examined the most important economic and social developments up to 2030 in the USA and ten European countries, including Germany, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Great Britain, Sweden, Italy, Denmark, the Czech Republic and Poland. Furthermore, more than 1,100 board members of companies in Germany, France, Italy, Great Britain and the USA were surveyed.

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