you bring babies to the world, change bandages, feed and wash, or just listen. They are also today still predominantly women. With almost 80 percent, their share is in the nursing and health occupations is particularly high, such as from a representative study of the German Confederation of trade unions (DGB). Similarly, in the education of children (90 per cent), in service-contact occupations with frequent customers outweighs the proportion of female Employees (60 percent). In manufacturing, on construction or in factories, women are represented with 14 per cent, markedly below.
women dominate, consequently, occupations in which interaction with other people is particularly large. Nevertheless, men also come here in leadership positions, even though they are often in the minority, such as the DGB reported.
While the percentage of female Employees in the Old – and nursing and medical practices with a total of 79 percent women in these Professions, only 68 percent of the executives. Conversely, the Figures make it clear: men occupy 32 percent of the management positions, but only 21 per cent of the workforce. Large the discrepancy is in the Hotels, Restaurants and tourism, 41 percent of the employees are men, among the leaders, their share dominates with nearly 60 percent but.
Each second, the old nurse, works part-time
One reason for the rapid advancement in the ways of male Employees in the high part-time rate of women is the DGB. “Leadership in part-time is still not long since arrived in the company,” says the Deputy DGB-Boss, Elke Hannack. Those who only work 20 to 30 hours a week, taking part in addition, less training and have lower chances of getting a leadership position. “The conditions of employment in management need to be adapted to the needs of women, so for them it is a real Option,” demanded Hannack.
The study, after working in care for the elderly, 48 percent of employees in part-time, in doctor’s offices are it with 50 percent a little more. In the hospitality industry, the proportion of employees who work under 20 hours a week, with 33 per cent, is relatively high. In the manufacturing sector, the part-time rate is in comparison below average: Only ten per cent work less than 35 hours a week.
Who decides on a career for working with people, the study found that a low level of financial recognition. “Care work does not know, in spite of their professionalisation in the same esteem as occupations in the production,” it says. A specialist in nursing or health gets the information according to a gross hourly wage of 15,64 EUR, while a production Manager receives in the mining 20,31 Euro.
The difference is reflected in the satisfaction of employees with their income. Especially Old people (83 per cent) and nurses (76 percent) hold their pay for is not appropriate. In the male-dominated manufacturing sector, the share of those who keep your income to be inappropriate, at 44 percent.
“Without the essential work of an educator, nurse, or nurse for the elderly, many people with children or with caring relatives could hardly be employment,” says Hannack. These activities earned more recognition and a much better pay. “Especially since these employees are often double-charged – physically and mentally, this must also be in the salary to reflect.”
The survey is based on information from 8.011 employees, including 4.085 women. Most of them have completed vocational training. The data were collected in the framework of the Federal survey to the DGB-Index Good work 2018-wide representative. The result is representative for the judgment of the employees in Germany.