History 24/01/20 Why Yeltsin not rehabilitated traitor Vlasov
an Unambiguous mark of the traitor, put on Vlasov to Soviet era after the collapse of the USSR was replaced by pluralism of opinions regarding the identity of the former General and his decision to oppose the Stalinist regime. This could not lead to attempts to rehabilitate Vlasov, as a victim of political repression.
In the rehabilitation reject
the Lieutenant General of the red army Andrei Vlasov was captured by the Germans on 11 July 1942, when he tried to escape with the remnants of his 2nd army from the environment on the Volkhov front. However it is not known whether he himself surrendered to or issued by the local peasants who collaborated with the occupiers. Vlasov quickly found with Nazis a common language, relying on them as a force able to overthrow in the Soviet Union hated Communist system.
In 1944, Vlasov created the “Committee for the liberation of peoples of Russia” (ACPD), and then the “Russian liberation army” (ROA). However, to participate in operations against their compatriots ROA and failed. In may 1945, Vlasov and his closest associates surrendered to American forces, who, following the agreements with the Soviet government, gave the traitor in the hands of the NKVD.
the Verdict of the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme court was predictable. Vlasov and 11 other officers from the leadership of the POA was accused of violating the military oath, collaboration with the occupiers, the armed struggle against the Soviet Union and sentenced to death by hanging. The sentence was executed on 1 August 1946.
Despite the fact that during the Khrushchev launched the process of rehabilitation of victims of Stalinist repression, the name of the Vlasov did not even surfaced. The former Soviet General throughout the future Soviet history, was labeled “traitor,” and the word “vlasovschina” became a household name. To those who changed their raceine or condoned discredit the Soviet system in the USSR always had a special relationship.
a Lot has changed after the collapse of the Soviet Union, when not only “Stalinism”, but the Communist regime was subjected to General condemnation as violating basic human rights. In October 1991, the RSFSR, on the wave of anti-Communist campaigns, adopted the law on “Rehabilitation of victims of political repression”. The authors of the document condemned terror and mass persecution on political or religious grounds, which was organized by the Soviet state against dissidents, and sought to restore the civil rights of victims of political repression.
However, Andrey Vlasov and this time was not recognized as a victim of the Soviet totalitarian system. In article 4 of the law “On rehabilitation of political repression victims” indicated that rehabilitation can not be persons who were previously convicted by the courts is justified, and for which there is sufficient evidence of guilt on such items as siding with the enemy, espionage, disclosure of state secrets, aiding the enemy, sabotage, organization of armed groups. For failure to rehabilitate Vlasov had enough points “to the side of the enemy.”
nevertheless, in the future, in public and political circles not again raised the subject of Vlasov and his movement, there have been various estimates of this phenomenon and not always they were clear. Some researchers suggested if you do not change the relation to “Vlasova”, then at least give her an objective and balanced assessment.
In July 2001, the Chief military Prosecutor’s office again considered the case of Andrei Vlasov and 11 of his associates, however, this time, military prosecutors came to the conclusion that the grounds for the application of the law on rehabilitation of victims of political repression here. The initiative of revision of the sentence Vlasov in the GWP appealed to members of the public movement “For faith and Fatherland”. Following the military Prosecutor’s office soOh well the verdict rendered, and the Military Collegium of the Supreme court.
more and more of the name Vlasov attracted politicians, researchers and representatives of various public organizations. In 2009, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, then Deputy speaker of the state Duma of the Russian Federation, noted that to clarify the issue of possible rehabilitation of Vlasova and establish the truth, most likely, have to refer to his personal diaries. The initiative of Vladimir Zhirinovsky was supported, at least the theme of the Vlasov movement gained a scientific approach.
In March 2016 in St. Petersburg, he defended a thesis for the degree of doctor of historical Sciences Kirill Mikhailovich Alexandrov “the Generals and the officer corps of the armed forces Committee of liberation of the peoples of Russia 1943-1946 years.”. The author made an attempt to characterize “vlasovo” as the appearance of anti-Stalinist protest, which could be given legitimacy.
However, Alexander did not aim the Vlasov reconsideration of the sentence, rather, he finds it necessary to begin in this direction of a more productive discussion. Technically, according to the historian, the rehabilitation of Vlasova has already taken place, when in 1992 the Russian constitutional court, examining the “case of the Communist party”, decided to cancel all the repressive sentences passed by the Soviet party bodies.
But the most resonant were the words of the Deputy Director “of the Yeltsin centre” Nikita Sokolov, who in August 2016 at a press conference in TASS commented that it was important to bring to public discussion the question of rehabilitation of members of the army of General Vlasov. “It should be considered enemies of Soviet power and Russia’s enemies?”, – then said the falcons, first and foremost meaning of Andrei Vlasov and members of the ACPD. He noted that perhaps not all members of the Vlasov movement was condemned by reason.
In memory of those whose innocence can be proven, the Deputy Director “of the Yeltsin centre” proposed signs “Last known address”. It is a civil initiative, which aims to perpetuate the memory of the people subjected to political repression during the Soviet period. The project builds on the base of the human rights society “memorial”, according to which the list of the repressed are about 3 million Soviet citizens.
Deputy Chairman of the KPRF Central Committee Dmitri Novikov rather rigidly reacted to the Nikita Sokolov, stating that the purpose of this idea is the rehabilitation of Nazi collaborators and denigration of people who gave their lives for their country. Any ideology, instilling a hatred of communism, according to Novikov, puts it on a par with fascism.
If in Russia the question about General Vlasov moved to the level of discussion, that in the Russian Diaspora, which today represent, including the descendants of the surviving participants of the POA, there is an established point of view. Vlasov for many of them remains a symbol of resistance to godless totalitarian system and restoration of Historical Russia. In particular, the Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church abroad (ROCA) called Andrey Vlasov a Russian patriot who did everything exclusively for the benefit of their country.
Metropolitan of Pskov and Porkhov Tikhon Shevkunov said that the ROC different position in relation Vlasov, however, when in may 2007 was signed the Act of canonical communion of the Russian Orthodox Church abroad with the Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, it was decided this question is not raised. According to father Tikhon, the Vlasov movement affects the insidious psychology of collaboration, which is fostered by modern Russia: it’s evil trying to become good, betrayal, heroism, and controversial figures of the past turn into a weapon aimed at the breakdown of the traditional spiritual identity.
the danger of glorification of the Vlasov drew attention and the historian Mikhail Frolov. In his opinion, this ultimately may lead to revision of results of world war II and post-war principles of international law, as well as in meanheating likely to contribute to the formation of public consciousness that recognizes the collaboration. For Russia, according to Frolov, it will have a very negative ideological and geopolitical consequences.
© Russian Seven
see also: editor’s choice, “Russian Seven”thieves in law on the eve of the Olympics-80 struggled with prestupnostiu was the biggest surprise of the Germans in the USSR after the beginning of valupedia Black devil in Khakassia: the most mysterious place in Sibiryak to understand in the organism the deficit Belorechenskoye article also Listen to the podcast “the Russian Seven”. Share: Comments Comments on the article “Why Yeltsin not rehabilitated traitor Vlasov” Please log in to leave a comment! br>
Share on Tumblr