History 05/01/20 Why the Germans released from Soviet prisons all the prisoners
In the early days of the great Patriotic war, the NKVD, to avoid contact with prison inmates in the hands of the Germans, along with the evacuation staged mass executions. However, not all security officers managed to take out or to liquidate the prisoners. Thousands of people were released by the invaders.
the Evacuation or freedom
the Order to evacuate the inmates of Soviet prisons in harsh conditions in June-July 1941 simply could not be fulfilled in full. For example, in a Memorandum drawn up by the Lieutenant of the NKVD of the Byelorussian SSR Opaleva, the list of settlements were evacuated, featured a town East of Pinsk, but not all. The worst situation was on the West of the country occupied by the Germans in the first week. Similarly the situation developed in the Lithuanian and Ukrainian SSR. For example, in the Lviv region security officers had to evacuate 2464 the person leaving the prisons 1366 people mainly accused of domestic crimes.
the Fate of those taken to the East, were different. There were cases when prisoners were released by the NKVD or the locals. As follows from the biography of the former head of Russian scouts in Poland Nicholas Sidlyarevich, arrested for “counter-revolution”, in Cherven prisoners, without waiting for the arrival of the Germans, liberated by the townspeople. In Grodno prison was destroyed by bombs, and prisoners themselves fled from it.
However, in the Brest, Bialystok, Baranovichi, Slonim, Kobrin and Pruzhany the Germans found in the cells of all the prisoners. Fleeing the KGB were simply not up to them.
From the priests to criminals
According to historians and memoirists, the occupants freed all prisoners in Soviet prisons (as well as the prisoners of the Gulag, columns are sometimes caught on the roads). First, prisons were needed by the Nazism – they immediately began to fill with captured officers of the red Army. Second, the “generosity” of the Nazis used to gain the loyalty of the population. The stories told by prisoners about “the horrors of the NKVD” was the most convincing anti-Bolshevik propaganda.
it is Noteworthy that freedom came not only political prisoners, but also those who sat for criminal offenses. Some of the criminals, posing as “victims of the Communist regime” has had quite a career in the new government. However, he was released and people really suffered for their beliefs, the priests and faithful laity, former white guards, and other “anti-Soviet.”
Probably the most famous of the Germans released the prisoners – Archpriest Sergiy Efimov, who became the first head of the Pskov Orthodox mission in the occupied territories. He was placed in Ostrovskaya prison after the war, but did very little.
“the Germans came into the city the Island, just opened the gates of the prison, all released. And the priests said, go home and serve in your churches,” — said researcher of the history of the Pskov Orthodox mission candidate of historical Sciences Konstantin Oboznyi (quoted from the website of radio “Grad Petrov”).
Prisoner prison Kobrin (which the Germans captured on June 23, 1941) was a veteran of the First world war, a former officer of the army of Yudenich Vladimir Belchenko. That Belchenko was “liberated by the Germans,” according to a biographical dictionary “Russian North America”. In 1944, Belchenko was evacuated to Germany, and since 1960 has lived in the United States.
In Brest, the Nazis released a former white officer Vladimir Yermolov, the Colonel of the tsarist army, later the founder of the city construction firm “Erbauer”. He carried out orders for the occupation administration. According to the testimony Polchaninova Rostislav, who worked in the “Erbauer”, his boss did not share the anti-Semitic ideology and actively tried to rescue from the Gestapo of the employee-Jew Boris Frenkel. When apprlizanie red Army Yermolov, along with the company’s assets went to the Reich. In contrast, many of the Soviet former prisoners after the return of Soviet power was re-sentenced and went to the camp.
© Russian Seven
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