Crime 19/12/19 Why the gang from the song “Murka” in real life, fought for Reds
the Most popular in the underworld of our country song is, of course, “Murka”. In our days there are several versions of this poem during the Civil war. That’s just the modern listener is usually not quite understand some points in the text. In particular, it is not clear why the gang “arrived in Odessa” is “of the Amur”, is on the banks of this river lived so many criminals?
the Nursery crime
In some versions of the song says that the gang arrived at the South of Russia “of the Amur” and “because Moore”. However, if to follow historical truth, nevertheless it would be correct to mention the name of the river, not Moscow criminal investigation Department. The fact that before the revolution, convicts from all over the Russian Empire referred to to prison just in the region of the Amur river – in the city of Shilka, Nerchinsk, Yakutsk and others. The revolution freed most hardened criminals sitting in prisons of those places. And after a long imprisonment they, of course, wanted to go where there was the sea and plenty of sun where we could relax and “earn in the profession.” But to translate their plans into action immediately after the liberation many of them failed. In Transbaikalia and Siberia, the Bolsheviks forcibly taken to the Red army of the former prisoners absolutely did not want to fight for the happiness of the working people.
Ideal for crime tours criminals see Odessa. The song is not about fictional characters but about the very specific gang, one of the leaders of which really consisted of a woman named Mary. And although today called a few women that served as the prototype for the heroine of the song, after all, the most probable prototype is considered to be Nina Lebedeva-Kiyashko.
Despite the efforts of freed criminals to the sea and the wallets of the Soviet holidaymakers, first, they still had to fight for the revolution. Of the bandits was formed the regiment, which, under the command of Sergei Lazo, among others, the forces of the red Army was to oppose the troops of ataman Grigory Semenov and interventionists. Chief of staff of the regiment of criminals appointed Nina Pavlovna Lebedeva-Kiyashko. She was only 19 years old and she had the native niece of the Governor of Transbaikalia. However, having a criminal romance, this young lady joined the criminals who gave her underground name Marusya. Her biography was the basis for the famous “cats”. With the hardened criminals she kept herself very confidently and become their unquestioned authority.
However, the fruitful cooperation of the criminal element and the Bolsheviks did not last long. In April, 1918 in Vladivostok, the Japanese landed, Semenov moved into Manchuria and Siberia were troops of the British, Americans and French. Forces personnel to confront the criminals could not. Fleeing, they moved into the forest near Khabarovsk and formed guerrilla groups, and in fact, the usual gang. Nina Lebedeva remained in the city. However, she continued to lead the urban and taiga by gangs and worked in the underground cell of the Bolsheviks.
At the beginning of 1920, after the successful offensive of the red Army, some of the criminals came out of the forest and went with Sergey Lazo to vacate the Vladivostok. The other part of criminals, led by Commissioner Mary went systematically to plunder the population in the lower reaches of the Amur river. In addition to Nina Lebedeva, the leader of the gang also went to the famous convict Yakov triapitsyn.
during the Civil war, the expropriation of property was accompanied by terrible violence and mass shootings. In February the criminal army of Mary, and James Trapezina captured Nikolaevsk-on-Amur. Encouraged by the success of the bandits even founded his own independent powers “of the far Eastern Soviet Republic” and began to carry out punitive policies in the occupied territories, terrorizing Russian and Japanese. Long so could not continue, and in may 1920, Japanese troops drove the brazen criminals back into the forest. The Soviet authorities declared the rabble outside the law.
Marusya Trapezina and killed when they broke from Siberia. But most of the bandits escaped and headed to the southern city of Soviet Russia, mainly in Odessa. They subsequently immortalized the memory of his bandari in criminal folklore.
© Russian Seven
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