History 01/02/20 Why Soviet women went to the family shorts
underwear, in its modern form emerged in Europe only by the beginning of XX century. In pre-revolutionary Russia men wore linen or cotton pants with buttons, and women with the beginning of the last century, first put under the skirt knickers. The “old regime” linen remained in the course and in the new Soviet state, until the harsh conditions of the Civil war forced the domestic industry to fully work on the needs of the front. Some of them were “leader of all peoples” Stalin, continued to wear the old styles right up to 1950-ies.
a Good start
In the 1920-ies of the underwear of the Soviet government declares a mandatory component of the “hygiene regime”. Each Soviet citizen was supposed not less than two sets of linen, change which followed at least once every 7-10 days. Emphasis is not on sexuality, but on convenience and freedom of movement, so that men’s and women’s underwear was spacious and the cut had a minimum of differences. For sewing wide underwear of the 1920-ies were delivered to two factories – “Mobile and Lenelle”, very quickly became absolute leaders of sales. Despite the sporty style, at that time, the producers followed the world of fashion, every quarter updating the range and paying a lot of attention to fabrics, colours and embroidery. The cooperation has involved the Soviet artists – Mukhina, Stepanova, Rodchenko, Tatlin. Elegant lingerie made of natural silk in the era of NEP was produced and the traders. However, since 1929, the trend has changed dramatically.
Pants and “family briefs”
With the onset of the Stalin era, who sought to maximally equalize woman with man in the history of Soviet underwear, a period of severe austerity and unisex in colors and in models. In 1929 the decision of the government and the Central Committee of the party was the company created “Chaptersclothes”, which absorbed “Mobile”, “Lembela” and almost all private linen shops. The main task is to prepare for war, there can be no design, and diversity. The range is reduced to a minimum: four kinds of pants, cotton shirts and briefs in white, black, and occasionally blue colors. If the pants in the first place was intended for the military, among the “civil” wide spread it is “simplified briefs smooth”, later called the family. The name was born from the fact that men in the family is not considered shameful to wear them like shorts, complete with a t-shirt. Initially this model of underwear intended for sport and physical education: briefs was the elastic was free and had a universal size: length from waist 48-50 cm, the width of the leg at the bottom − 65 cm. This feature of the model also contributed to the nickname “boxers” because they could be worn by all family members. Women’s underwear is not actually different from the men, and the bras only came in one model without tucks, until 1950-ies limited to only three sizes. Model lingerie in that period were available only to the wives of senior officials and was made to order in the Studio, “Mossie” or “underground” belosic, and ordinary Soviet women themselves often make their own custom linen pattern from women’s magazines.
In the postwar years, the situation slowly began to change: Soviet women met with captured Western clothes, hitherto inaccessible lace kits occasionally, but still began to come from East Germany and Czechoslovakia, in 1970-ies thanks to the Minister of culture E. A. Furtseva, the domestic underwear has become better, although still not too diverse. As for the men, among them the enormous popularity of boxers persisted for several decades. During the Khrushchev “thaw” boxers began to sew from a variety of fabrics: calico, silk, staple and knitted fabrics. Fashion boxers began to wane only with the advent in the 1970s, tapered trousers and jeans. With such tight pants boxers wear became uncomfortable, and they were replaced by the fashion for bottoms and boxer shorts. Nevertheless, now the “cowards family” still has many fans. The reason for this is not only the comfort of this model, but the opinion that such loose fit of men’s underwear helps to preserve the health and reproductive abilities.
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