History 23/01/20 Why General Vlasov could not become the head of all the Russian traitors
in addition to “Russian liberation army*” (ROA*) of the Soviet General-defector Andrey Vlasov, on Hitler’s side, fought several other “Russian” forces. That they are not merged, it is possible to discern three important reasons.
First – the ideological differences. Many Russians who worked for the Third Reich, were the white Russians, divided the monarchical ideology, dreamed of the restoration of the pre-revolutionary order. In contrast, the Vlasov knew that during the years of the Russian revolution deeply changed, to dream about the return of the old order – a utopia. Bling monarchical and bourgeois-landlord appetite cause people just hate. Vlasov himself was completely owes his career to the revolution and the Bolshevik party. Vlasov could not be divided, and the views of Kaminsky, who enthusiastically accepted the Nazi ideology. Vlasov knew that Nazism assigns Russian eternal role of second-class citizens.
the Second reason – the competition agencies of the Third Reich over the custody of Russian traitors. As wrote Boris Sokolov in his book “Occupation: truth and myths”, Vlasov worked for the Wehrmacht, while the Abwehr relied on Smyslovskiy. Kaminsky used the SS, “the Ministry of Eastern territories”, Rosenberg flirted with the Cossacks. However, because Hitler had a principled position to prevent any Russian government, even if completely a puppet, all of these trends and was never able to connect.
the Third reason is the personal competition of the collaborationist leaders. Each of them dreamed of ever take the place of the United Russian anti-Communist leader.
the Leaders of the white Cossack emigration themselves tried not to mix his business with Russian collaboration, dreaming of creation of a separate Cossack stateTBA. They found full support in this regard Rosenberg, who, with the consent of Hitler, announced the Cossacks as a separate nation, “Aryan” people, the Union of Germany.
the Cossack leaders of the civil war – Pyotr Krasnov, Andrei Shkuro, Sultan-Girey, was represented by a separate branch of the collaboration. They took part in the “Committee for the liberation of the peoples of Russia” (ACPD), chaired by Vlasov in November, 1944, as one of the “allied Nations”, claiming for a separate state. Vlasov was not trying to compete with “the Cossack Camp” for the Cossacks from among captured Soviet soldiers.
One of the prominent figures of Russian collaboration was a hereditary noble of the Russian Empire, Boris Smyslovskiy, who fled in his youth to the West, together with the remnants of the White army. On the eve of war with the Soviet Union Smyslovskiy went to work for the Abwehr, as head of school, scouts and saboteurs. Unit Smyslovskiy several times changed the name. He Smyslovskiy worked under pseudonyms, the most famous of which was “Holmston,” that’s why in some sources he appears under the double name Holmston-Smyslovskiy.
Smyslovskiy after the war in his article “Personal recollections of General Vlasov” told about his meeting with Vlasov and political differences. The two figures were in different ways for the already stated reasons. Smyslovskiy was close to the monarchist emigration was himself a monarchist views. It was close, and at the end of the war with him asked for political asylum in Liechtenstein the head of the “house of Romanov” Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich.
differences with the Vlasov cost Smyslovskiy expensive. He categorically refused to sign the “Smolensk proclamation” Vlasov dated December 27, 1942, under which patrons of the Vlasov command of the Wehrmacht wanted to unite all Russian collaborators.
In December 1943 Smyslovskiy was arrested by the Gestapo. He was charged with communication with the enemy. The fact that Smyslovskiy led double play. Acting against the Soviet Union, he established contact with Polish and Ukrainian nationalist underground in the occupied territories. The piquancy of the situation was that these underground – “home Army” and “Ukrainian insurgent army*” (Bandera), were enemies not only of Communists but also the Nazis.
there is no doubt that in relation to the AK and UPA* Smyslovskiy was acting on the instructions of the Abwehr. The head of the Abwehr, Canaris, in the end, had secured his release from prison. Oddly enough, found out in late 1944, the involvement of Canaris to work for British intelligence, the assassination attempt on Hitler and coup attempt on 20 July the same year did not affect the further destiny Smyslovskiy. But to Conroy, he is not joined, acting with his small division (loudly called the “1st Russian national army”) on their own. Smyslovskiy, in turn, even tried to achieve obedience to him parts of the POA.
the Leader samoupravlenie area in the rear of German troops (“Lokotskogo Republic”), an engineer Bronislav Kaminski, with the permission of the command of army group “Center” and in 1942 began the formation of the “Russian national liberation army” (RONA) to fight the guerrillas. After the abandonment by the Germans of the Bryansk region RHÔNE was transformed into the SS. In August 1944 she took part in the suppression of the Warsaw uprising Germans. His atrocities militants Kaminsky managed to shock even the SS. The command of the SS organized the murder Kaminsky, and part of it reformed. Some soldiers then joined RON in POA.
“Russian guard corps” of the former tsarist General Boris Shteifon created in Yugoslavia of Russian immigrants, was the most numerous Russian military units in the Wehrmacht. Therefore Vlasov especially trying to get him under his command. But he managed to do it only at the very end of the war, and then only nominally.
Vlasov had failed to create a unified collaborationist movement under his leadershipm, primarily because it didn’t want its Nazi patrons.
*banned organization in Russia
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