History 22/01/20 Why General Susloparov signed the capitulation of Germany in spite of Stalin’s prohibition
Ivan Susloparov forever remain in history as the head of the Soviet military mission, signed the act of surrender of Germany. This event took place in the French Reims 7 may 1945. However, before you put your signature on the document, the General sent the text of the act in Moscow. Without waiting for a response, Susloparov made the decision on their own. Then Ivan received the news that Stalin forbade to sign the surrender.
Military career Susloparov
according to Sergey Shtemenko the author of the book “the General staff during the war”, Ivan Alekseyevich Susloparov was born from a simple peasant family. However, he managed to make a good military career. Susloparov had the opportunity to visit the battlefields of the First World war and take part in the October uprising of 1917, organized by the Bolsheviks. After the civil war ended, Ivan decided to continue the service, having received proper education: he studied in the Kiev combined military school and the Artillery Academy named after Dzerzhinsky. But the real twist in fate Susloparov, which, without exaggeration, changed his entire life, began in 1939.
It was then, if you believe the author of the book “Hitler-directory” Elena Syanova, Ivan Susloparov, was sent to the French capital as a military diplomat. According to Syanovo, Susloparov was also an experienced scout. In Europe, he coordinated the actions of the Soviet intelligence networks, including the infamous “red orchestra”. At the same time, he was awarded the rank of General. In 1941 Susloparov returned to his homeland during the great Patriotic war, commanded the artillery of the 10th army of the Western front. However, in the summer of 1944, the commander again sent to France, where he had to communicate with allies, the headquarters of which is located in the city of Reims.
the signature on the instrument of surrender
according to V. I. Vinokurov in his book “the History of military diplomacy,” the evening of may 6, 1945 to Ivan Susloparov was the adjutant of the American General Dwight Eisenhower and reported that Soviet military leaders urgently summoned to headquarters in Reims. The aide added that the Nazi Alfred Jodl ready to capitulate against the British and Americans, however, continue to conduct military operations against the Soviet Union. Later, however, Eisenhower himself told Susloparova that the allies demanded that Germany surrender completely, and in the end the Germans surrendered. Ivan, in turn, sent the text at home: he had to get approval for further actions.
the Surrender was planned to be signed in 2 hours 30 minutes 7 may. Not receiving a response from the Soviet authorities, Susloparov decided to take responsibility for themselves. However, if you believe Sergey Sollenau, the author of the publication “Berlin: fun capital or From the Reichstag to the kebab”, Ivan still, err: he insisted on adding to the capitulation of the additional item. This paragraph States that the document is not a hindrance to the conclusion of other more sophisticated instruments. Susloparov made the right decision. Soon from Moscow received an order from Stalin: no acts to sign! It is clear that the General was convinced that the punishment he cannot avoid. But all went well. Stalin said that claims to Susloparova has not.
the reasons for the ban Stalin
Why did the head of state banned Ivan Susloparova to sign the instrument of surrender? According to Dmitry Petrov in his book “John F. Kennedy. Ginger Prince of America,” Stalin was outraged by rush, which formed such an important document. In addition, the leader said that the historic act to be signed by the representatives of the Supreme command of the States of the antifascist coalition in Berlin, tabout there, where they came from Nazi aggression. Stalin was echoed by many, including the leaders of Britain and the United States. However, this is the official version of events in which doubt Boris Gorbachev, author of “Victory in spite of Stalin. Soldier against the Stalinists”.
Gorbachev believes the fact that Susloparov he had no time to contact Moscow, is questionable. According to Boris Semenovich, Ivan would never have signed such an important document without the knowledge of the Supreme command. In addition, Stalin reported everything to Eisenhower. Gorbachev says that immediately after the victory Susloparov was sent to Moscow and received a rather enviable position of the chief of intelligence of the Higher courses of the red army. A little later, the same post he occupied in the Military-diplomatic Academy. Gorbachev believes that Stalin simply needed a pretext in order to arrange the signing of the act in Berlin Zhukov.
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