Why did the Soviet party leaders do not register the marriage

14/01/20 history Why did the Soviet party leaders do not register the marriage

Many representatives of the so-called “old guard” of the Bolsheviks is valid until the end of his days remained on the paper blanks. A good example is Georgy Malenkov, who lived with Valeria Golubtsova many years, but never registered with her. Can it be that the party elite were planning to save their loved ones from reprisals?

Lenin, the revolution and the family

Many modern historians are inclined to believe that Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was a staunch opponent of the institution of marriage. Indeed, Lenin, apparently, was not going to register the relationship with Nadezhda Krupskaya. If you believe Leonid Mlechin, the author of the book “Dismantling of the Patriarch,” when Krupskaya arrived in Shushenskoye Lenin, an order came from the police: either she must marry to Lenin, or to depart back to Ufa. Later the wife of the leader called the wedding to her husband, “Comedy”. Lenin also advocated for the freedom of divorce, as written in his article “a Caricature of Marxism” in 1916.

it is Therefore not surprising that one of the first decrees adopted by the Soviet regime (Vladimir Lenin and Yakov Sverdlov, the head of the Executive Committee) immediately after the 1917 revolution, became the decrees of “divorce” and “On civil marriage, on children and the maintenance of books of civil status”. According to these documents, now removed the previous restrictions which prevented the separation of the spouses, and, as stated in the publication “Soviet family law” (authors: Anna Beliakova and Eugene vorojeikin), “illegitimate children were equal with the marriage concerning the rights and duties”.

From Kollontai to Malenkov

So registration of marriage was not obligatory to its occurrence; it was recognized and the actual marriage that is not registered in the civil registry. Men, women and even children have now found a previously unknown law. Oils in fire were added also by the ladies-revolutionaries, actively involved in the political life of the new Russia. Take Alexander Kollontai, the first female Minister in history. According to Alexander Levitsky, author of “the Future of Russia”, Kollontai expressed the hope that civil marriage is the first step to the total elimination of the family in Communist society.

Alexandra Kollontai Herself together with Pavel Dybenko became the first couple in the country who have registered their relationship is not in the Church, and, under the new rules, with the entry in the Book of civil status. However, many revolutionaries chose to ignore this procedure: marriage, whatever it was, then it was considered a relic of the past. That’s why some party members, subsequently, who stood at the helm of the country, the paper remained blank. According to Nikolay Zenkovich, the author of the book “the Most secret relatives” was Georgy Malenkov, who lived with Valeria Golubtsova many years. Were not painted with Maria Marcus and Sergei Kirov.

what other citizens?

Such examples are numerous. Moreover, with the party leaders took the example and the rest of the citizens Councils. For example, according to Arseniy Sobolev, the author of the book “love Revolution or degeneration?”, the famous Soviet physicist Lev Landau remained loyal to the “ideals of the sexual revolution” before the end of the great Patriotic war. Cora Drobantseva Landau came together back in the 1930-ies. However, officially Landau and Drobantseva registered relations in 1946, just a few days before the birth of their son.

And so lived, at least in 1920-30-ies of the last century, if not most, many. So, in the publication “Demographic modernization of Russia 1900-2000” edited by Anatoly Vishnevsky the results of the study, dates back to 1923. Then there were about 100 thousand unregistered marriages. And decorated with unions fared no better. Sergei Gavra in his book “the Historical change of the institutions of family marriage” cites the sociologist Pitirim Sorokin. The one in 1922 in the magazine “the Economist” wrote that after the revolution in Petrograd on 10 thousand marriages had 92,2 % of divorces. And more than half of the dissolved unions did not last year.

Yulia Popova

© Russian Seven

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