History 06/01/20 Why conscripts in the Red Army drew lots
When discussing the principles of manning the Russian army today, usually offered 2 extreme alternatives – conscription for everyone or a complete transfer of the armed forces on a contract basis. Few remember that in tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union in the personnel of the army recorded, not all recruits, but only those who got the appropriate lot.
draw the Draft in tsarist Russia,
Institute of the draw in the army has emerged for the reason that the number of willing soldiers was more than was required. Similar to that observed in the eighteenth century, when the term of military service in different years ranged from 10 to 25 years. In 1732, the Chairman of the Military Collegium of the Empress Anna Ivanovna, Christopher Minich, for the first time approved the recruitment by drawing lots.
In various forms army the draw lasted until the revolution of 1917. The final form of this procedure is acquired in the course of military reform Milutin, who in 1874 introduced conscription. Recruits could be enlisted for active military service for a period of 6 years, or released from it. However, not enrolled in the army still taught to keep the arms – for this purpose they are recorded in the national militia.
a Lot of the red army
September 18, 1925, was adopted the law “On compulsory military service”, which spoke of “honorable duty” for the workers “to defend the Soviet Union with arms”. Form of service was determined by lot.
In most districts the draw was conducted in absentia, but there were areas where the procedure was carried out in the military. Judging by the pictures published in the media of the time, in Moscow the draw conducted immediately before the medical Commission. The photographs of 21-year-old Nude boys pulling numbers from the transparent drum. Line up for this they had exclusivetill then in the order in which they appeared in draft lists.
none of the elongated room is not freed from service, but had three options for its passage. Of the recruits were enlisted in the personnel of the red Army. Others were added to the variable part of the territorial militia divisions. These formations, created on the basis of the ideas of Friedrich Engels about the “armed people”, was something of a cross between the army and the militia, they carried out regular military training once in 8-12 months. Finally, the third option involves the non-acceptance on training with periodic charges.
it Should be noted that in the drawing of lots was attended by graduates of universities and other educational institutions – they were supposed to do only in the personnel of the units of the red army in combat positions. However, the percentage of educated recruits was very small in comparison with the main mass, consisting of the peasant boys.
Cancel the draw
Already in 1927, one of the authors of the magazine “War and revolution” called the question of the army of the draw “topical”.
“the Main negative point of the draw remains its incompatibility with the existing requirements for the selection call, as the call-up commissions associated numbers of lots”, – noted in the publication.
as an alternative it was proposed to conduct the medical examination, and already then to distribute the recruits in the combat arms, depending on fitness level and other data. To gather information, it was necessary to put on record doprizyvnikov and engage pre-service training. In this way, obviously, argued and in the people’s Commissariat of defense. The draw was cancelled in 1930. And since 1935, when the transfer of the territorial divisions “in the frame”, she finally lost the original meaning.
currently, the return of the draw in Russia not discussed, although this practice still exists in some parts of the world. For example, in Thailand the recruit has a choice, he ddobrovolno is 1 year and pulls a lot. Depending on the result of the draw young Thais, or even exempt from military service, or must spend in the army for 2 years. Experiments with a call by lot conducted in the former Soviet Union, for example, in Tajikistan.
© Russian Seven
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