History 26/01/20 What the Soviet partisans did not pay the salary
the History of the partisan movement during the great Patriotic war served as a feat of selfless patriots. However, for many partisans played the role of the financial factor. Participants of the forest units received payments that exceeded the allowances of the rank and file of the red army. However, of farmers actively replenish the ranks of “people’s Avengers”, the measure of support not affected.
the question was “guerrilla wages”
After the attack on the Soviet Union, the Nazis planned to completely withdraw from circulation the ruble and to replace it with their currency. In practice, Soviet money continued to be used as means of payment in the occupied territory, therefore, Moscow had the opportunity to financially support the partisan formations.
In the resolution of the party Central Committee “On the organization of the struggle in the rear of German troops” from July 18, 1941, it was mentioned that underground groups and partisan detachments among other things, should “provide money.” On July 29 issued a decree of GKO No. 326с “About monetary security personnel of the guerrilla units”, which stipulates that it is equivalent on a monetary allowance to the soldiers-volunteers.
to Establish a regular payment in the first months of the war proved difficult. For example, the report of the political Department of the North-Western front in October 1941 it was noted that “still have not worked out the practical question about support of the guerrillas and their families cash benefit”.
in the summer of 1942, an interagency instruction was determined by specific numbers of payments. All-on one hand the amount recorded in the individual pay books of soldiers.
“the Members of the partisan detachments, occupying posts of officers, appointed allowance in the amount of average earnings at the place of work or study (basic salary, scholarships) on the day of joining the partisan units. Inthe allowance of the commander (Commissioner) of the detachment, Deputy commander (chief of staff), company commander (platoon, group) could not be below 750, 600 and 500 rubles, respectively. Until the submission of documents about the average earnings to workers and employees who joined the partisans, were appointed allowance of 300 rubles a month, pupils and students – 100 rubles,”— says researcher Igor Anosov.
For comparison, mobilized in a standard order or designed before the war the red army received only 10 rubles a month, while participating in combat – 20 rubles.
And the people’s Commissariat for Finance against
Such a generous policy of supporting the guerrillas tried to counteract the people’s Commissariat of Finance. Stewards the Union budget can be understood. The strength of the guerrilla forces reached 2.8 million people, and the number of active underground amounted to about 200 thousand. Meanwhile, during the war the state Bank and so started a printing press at full power, which undermined the country’s economy. The trump card of the Finance Department in this matter was that the militia, which remained “civil” salary, not everywhere has proven itself as an effective force. From 1 April 1942, they stopped paying at the previous place of work. Following them, the cuts in the monetary allowance it was touch and partisans.
Your views on this matter were the Secretary of the Communist party of Ukraine, Nikita Khrushchev. In the report to Stalin, he lamented the fact that the Ukrainian farmers, the guerrillas no allowance receive nothing at all, because in civilian life salaries had not. And the existing system of payments, according to him, led to the fact that the rank and file partisans sometimes received more commanders. It provoked internal conflicts and hindered the successful fight against the invaders.
But neither financiers nor Khrushchev proposed to evaluate the current merits of the partisans, Stalin did not support. The system of payment of allowances to “people’s Avengers” remains the same. Moreover, on 19 October 1943 SNK issued a resolution increasing the size of salaries. The most that could count under such orders farmers – free meals during the month.
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