History 23/01/20 What Japanese samurai did the red army prisoners in the death camps
Japanese concentration camps during the Second world war – a subject on which the Country of the rising sun do not like to remember. The atrocities that happened there, sometimes even exceeded the horrors of the German death camps. Among the dead and injured at the hands of the Japanese military officers had a lot of Russian.
the creation of the camps
the Construction of concentration camps was provided by the Japanese invaders among the first events during the occupation of the city posed by the “East Asian sphere of mutual prosperity.” Especially many of them were in China.
in addition to prisoners, the camp sent all who were perceived as undesirable elements: anti-fascists, socialists, and citizens of States with which Japan was at war. It was not only the population of the occupied countries, but European colonialists, whom the Japanese were pejoratively called “sizename”.
a common practice was the eviction in the camp of the inhabitants of those localities where the outbreak of anti-Japanese uprising. Conditions in most camps were very hard. The mortality rate had increased by the end of the war when the diet of the prisoners was extremely poor.
the Russian in the Japanese concentration camps
After the Civil war in China was about 125 thousand Russian. The main centers of their stay was Harbin and Shanghai.
Of the white Russians in the camp were mostly those who the Japanese considered as potential Soviet spies and suspected anti-Japanese actions.
Also from 1930 to 1945 in Japanese captivity were thousands of Soviet citizens. Military historian Vladimir Galitsky calls, including 2 thousand Russian soldiers missing during clashes at Khalkin-Gol. A sad fate was also waiting for the deserters from the border troops of the NKVD crossed the border with Manchuria. In the camps there were those whom the Japanese Zechvatili on Soviet territory, and then forcibly taken abroad.
– “Sifting” of our citizens through the “sieve” of the Japanese intelligence services had concluded, as a rule, in two ways: either killing the sole authority of the chief provincial AVM, or by order of Harbin AVM direction in a specially created in Manchuria camp,” writes Galitsky.
One of them was the camp “Hogon” in Manchukuo. Since 1939, it was located at 13 kilometers from Harbin. The camp occupied an area of 1 hectare and was surrounded by a fence height of 2.5 meters with barbed wire. Despite the fact that “Hogon” was originally designed for 60 people, at the end of 1942, there was about 300 prisoners. For particularly obstinate there were internal “prison” – multiple cameras without beds with cement floor.
Soviet citizens were questioned with the aim of obtaining valuable information, was beaten with sticks and belts, as well as tortured, piercing the body with needles, and sending electrical current.
The terrible, became the detachment 731 of the Japanese armed forces, which were tested chemical and biological weapons, and conducted cruel experiments on people.
test Subjects were given injections of plague, anthrax and other diseases, and also checking the degree of survival of the human body, placing prisoners in boiling water or liquid nitrogen. About the degree of cynicism of the staff of the camp says that they called the prisoners “logs”.
the Torture suffered by the people can be called hell. For example, the Japanese “doctors” carried out operations without anesthetic. They dissected the human body and step by step removed from it all bodies down to the marrow.
From the camp “Hogon” in 731 squad nearby got the person convicted in connection with Soviet intelligence or caught while fleeing.
Russians made up 30% of test – once, they even tried to arrange a riot in the camp. The names of most unknown, but preserved data, for example, the red army Demchenko. One of the latest victims of sadists in lab coats StAli Russian woman Maria Ivanova and her 4-year-old daughter in June 1945, they slew with poison gas. Tortured to death were thousands of people.
the Khabarovsk trial of Japanese war criminals in 1949, 12 members of “unit 731” was condemned.
© Russian Seven
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