Weapons 13/12/19 What the Soviet weapons used by the NATO countries
After the Soviet collapse, many models of Soviet weapons and military equipment remained in the armies of the countries of the former Warsaw Pact. Now many of those States joined the ranks of the chief military opponent of Russia – NATO.
the s-300 (“Favorite”)
anti-aircraft missile system s-300 “Favorit” (in the codification of the U.S. DoD and NATO — SA-10 Grumble) replaced the obsolete s-75. Adopted it was adopted in 1978. Its main purpose is the protection of large industrial, administrative and military installations from attacks of air and space weapons. Height of defeats the purpose of the s-300 – from 2 to 200 kilometers. This SAM was the first system able to track up to six targets and to direct them to twelve missiles. The new complex had a record short deployment time – for about 5 minutes, making it less vulnerable to enemy aircraft.
the s-300 are mainly exported to third world countries: Venezuela, Vietnam, North Korea, Algeria, Syria, as well as partner ATS. Among NATO member States, which for 2016 exploited this complex – Bulgaria, Slovakia and Greece, although the exact number of units of the s-300 is unknown. Today modified to NATO standards, the s-300 is produced for the needs ABOUT the Republic of Korea. His customers are South Korean company Samsung Electronics and French Thales.
Curiously, the “Triumph” didn’t participate in actual combat, however, the country’s operators is often carried out shooting exercises on which the s-300 shows very good results in combating different types of air targets. At the end of 2013 for the first time such exercises spent ABOUT Greece, successfully hitting a drone that was at a distance of 30 km and a height of 2 km.
ptrk 9K111 “Fagot”
Task a portable antitank missile system 9K111 “Fagot” (classification MO U.S. and NATO — AT-4 Spigot) is a lesion visible to the human eye objects, speed not exceeding 60 km/h at distances up to 2 km installation Rate – 3 shots per minute, maximum speed of 240 m/s.
the Complex is quite easy to use, has low weight and can be transported crews of two people: launcher weighs 22.5 kg, two rockets – 27 kg. as “faggot” does not fix the purpose, the operator must hold her at gunpoint, especially if it is in motion, which requires certain skills.
anti-tank systems “Fagot” was delivered in the armies of many countries of the world: Afghanistan, Libya, Jordan, Kuwait, India, North Korea, Vietnam, Peru, Finland. Among them was the current NATO countries: Greece (262 units), Bulgaria (222), Poland (100), Hungary (50), Czech Republic (50). More recently, 50 “Fagot” was in service with the army of Slovenia, but was withdrawn from service.
multi-purpose all-weather fighter of the 4th generation MiG-29 (designation NATO Fulcrum) was designed with the aim of dominance in the air on the front line. Its development started in the late 1960s, but only in 1984 the first production copies entered service. In our country, the MiG-29 faithfully served until the present time: now the aircraft is gradually removed from the composition of videoconferencing, due to the physical wear and initiated a program of rearmament.
After the collapse of the Warsaw Pact MiG-29 remained in service in many countries of Eastern Europe, which later became NATO. Hungary, for example, after the collapse of the USSR, volume 29’s MiGs. Budapest is motivated by the danger of disruption of the southern Russian borders from war-torn Yugoslavia, as the MiG-21MF and MiG-21bis, standing on the arms of the Hungarian air force, was already obsolete. In addition, the Hungarians in addition to the MiG-29 has purchased missiles, simulators and parts.
Even after the entry of Hungary into NATO in 1999 the country refused from the operation of Soviet fighters. In 2010 the Hungarian government has announced plans to upgrade the remainder of her MiG-29 and put them up for auction. Subsequently, the MiG-29 was abandoned in Germany, Romania and the Czech Republic.
But Bulgaria still operates 15 of these machines (three of them training). Moreover, with the help of Russia, the country intends to modernize the MiG-29, as they are considered still fit for combat. In 2018, the government of Bulgaria has signed with the Corporation “MiG” contract for repair of aircraft worth approximately €40.5 million
MiG-29 Fighters available in the United States air force. In 1997 the government of Moldova sold to the United States 21 the MiG-29, the amount of the transaction amounted to more than $ 40 million. The aircraft were sent to the base Wright-Patterson in Ohio, and later some of them became exhibits, hosted in various U.S. air bases.
T-72 is the most massive tank of the second generation was adopted in 1973. Only at Uralvagonzavod in the period from 1974 to 1990 there were 20 544 cars. Only came to light more than 30 thousand “Uralov”. T-72 were exported to more than fifty countries of the world. Tank Park of some Eastern European NATO members – the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary – are still equipped with either of these machines or their modified versions. USA until recently, had 86 trucks, they were bought from Germany back in the 90s. it is Obvious that the Americans used T-72 only for educational purposes.
based On the T-72 was produced by dozens of different armored vehicles: in the GDR – launched bridge BLP-72, in Slovakia – tank VT-72C, Czech Republic – T-72М4-CZ. The poles claimed that they alone of the former satellites of the Soviet Union refused to T-72, bought from Germany about 200 old “Leopards”. But this is not true. Tank PT-91 (Twardy), which is the pride of the Polish defense industry, according to Russian experts, is one of variacrd T-72, which has long been produced in Poland under license.
Soviet infantry fighting vehicle of the 1st developing, adopting, in 1966, became the ancestor of the armored vehicles of the new type. Then the BMP began to actively appear in many armies of the world. The main purpose of such machines – fire support and transport of personnel Department of the shooters.
BMP-1 – the machine is light, maneuverable, able to overcome water obstacles. At the same time, her armor withstands 23-mm shells in the front part and 7.62-mm bullets all around. It is not surprising that Soviet development was a great success on the international arms market.
as of 2016 BMP-1 was armed with such NATO members as Poland (1268 units), Slovakia (148), Czech Republic (98), Bulgaria (90), Hungary (number not known). 21 machine of this type was delivered from Germany to the United States in the early 1990’s. armed with Greece today is almost 400 BMP-1, however, the Greeks want to spend $25 million for the purchase of additional quantities of similar equipment from Russia.
BMP-1, as well as the T-72 has a lot of modifications. So, in Czechoslovakia was made BVP-1, in Poland – BWP-1, in the Romanian MLI-84, in the GDR – BMP-1A1 Ost. After entering of Slovakia to NATO were the armored vehicle “Cobra-S” – a joint modification of the BMP-1 Slovak and Belarusian defense enterprises.
we don’t Rush
the NATO Leadership is strongly opposed to the presence of Soviet weapons from some members of the Alliance, it is even more categorical on issues of cooperation of these countries with Russia in the defense industry. NATO’s objective is to reduce the number of Soviet weapons from its partners.
In recent years, the former countries-participants of the Warsaw Treaty organization were more likely to declare their intention to cease contacts with Russia and to turn in the direction of Western weapons. This contributed to the European program of the state Department, according to which the countries of Easternnd Europe for the rejection of modernization and maintenance of Soviet weapons or purchase new Russian paid cash compensation.
unnecessary yet quite efficient Soviet equipment was cut on scrap metal until, until foreign buyers offering for Soviet weapons decent money. So the former Soviet satellites, taking advantage of the unstable situation in the world and the high demand for Soviet military products started to sell weapons to conflict zones. For example, Bulgaria, the same well-warmed hands on the supply of arms to the middle East.
So expect that in the near future, NATO Eastern Europe refuses to Soviet arms is not necessary. According to experts, even if these new NATO allies are sufficient funds for modernization, the process will drag on for years. Because since the signing of the contract to the supply of arms may take five or six years.
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