Weapons 14/01/20 What Soviet weapons actually invented in the West
during the great Patriotic war, the Red army fought bravely with the enemy. Soviet industry was rebuilt on a war footing and ensured the needs of the front. Few people know that many of the armaments were not created in the USSR. Invented abroad, and Tips only made them under license.
the Most massive pre-war tank
About a Soviet tank T-26, which was issued in the amount of more than eleven thousand in the Soviet Union wrote a lot. But about the fact that his pedigree comes from a tank In-26, and “b” In this case means “Vickers”, not reported. In the UK in 1930 was purchased 15 export tanks, known as the Vickers Mk E and the license for their production. They received the designation b-26, a Soviet T-26 has already been created on their basis, and differed only in armament. In the Finnish army detail padded T-26 is perfect to Finnish “Vickers” (Vickers Mk E was sold in Finland, Poland, Bulgaria and other countries). The Finns actually created a hybrid tank, collected from parts of the T-26 and their “Vickerson”, since all was perfect.
The world’s fastest tank
Wheeled-tracked tank BT since raises many questions. Is the BT-2, BT-5, BT-3, and if you search, you can find skilled BT-3, BT-6, etc BT-1 no. In fact, the BT-1 was the so-called two purchased in the USA tank George. Christie’s, which almost completely copied the BT-2. In foreign magazines Soviet BT referred to as “tank Christie”. The British, having learned that the Soviet BT tanks produce even hundreds, also bought a license from Christie, however, your machine is already heavily altered. Different version of the Christie tank in Poland.
by the Way, in the 41st year in the German documents often there were reports that the Red Army uses large masses of new tanks “type Christie”. We should not think, what is it about BT tank, a tank-type “Christie” called T-34.
the Most massive in the world wedge heel
In the 20-ies were very popular wedgies. Have developed their English designers, was sold in different countries, in Poland and Italy on the basis of the English established their wedgies and also sold.
But most of all tankettes were produced in the USSR. Soviet engineers tried to create a wedge, but as a result adopted adopted the English model. Twenty tankettes, received in the USSR title K-27, and the license for their production purchased in 1930. And then already produced licensed T-27, which from the English sample differed little in the first place a machine gun.
the Best transport aircraft
the Plane Li-2 (aka PS-84) was in the war the massive Soviet transport plane and flew to 60 years. However, whether it is Li-2 or all-American Douglas DC-3, obtained under lend-lease, hard to say. The difference between them was not Soviet Li-2, and American the DC-3 is equally called “Douglas”. The license for the Douglas DC-3 was purchased in 1936, and the name he was named engineer Boris Pavlovich Lisunova, directed its introduction in manufacturing.
it is Interesting to note that the production of these aircraft in Tashkent in 1940 he built an aircraft factory, which was headed by Boris Pavlovich. Only from 1942 to 1945, the Tashkent aircraft plant No. 84 produced more than 1000 Li-2, and the name of the Director of an airplane factory Lisunova — up to 2009 had a street and a residential neighborhood nearby.
Although foreign aircraft in the Soviet Union was building a bit, but they all flew with the license of foreign engine: Bristol Jupiter English, American Wright R-1820-F3 engines of the French Gnome et Rhone 14K Mistral Major and Hispano-Suiza 12Y, German BMW IV.
the Soviet 45-mm antitank gun is among the most recognizable guns. It is found on pictures and in movies. But in the newsreels, you can see exactlyth same German gun. It is not surprising, since it is almost one and the same instrument. The Soviet gun was made for German license. Initially, the service received a 37-mm anti-tank gun OBR. 1930, a replica of the German guns. Then, was created by 45-mm anti-tank cannon OBR. 1932, by imposing barrel with a caliber of 45 mm.
it is Worth noting that in Germany on the basis of their 37-mm guns, was created by the export options with the barrel caliber 44, 45 and 47 mm, which were also offered to the USSR.
Excellent anti-aircraft gun
the red Army was a good 85-mm anti-aircraft gun mod. 1939 Created it by increasing the caliber 76 mm anti-aircraft gun mod. 1938 due to the margin of the barrel, the caliber can be increased to 85 mm. So says a renowned expert on the history of artillery A. Shirokorad in the “Encyclopedia of domestic artillery”.
the 76-mm antiaircraft gun mod. 1938, was a 76-mm anti-aircraft gun mod. 1931, but installed on a new gun carriage. Gun 31, the year produced under license of the German company “Rheinmetall” and was a export model called the 7.5 cm Flak L/59.
Soviet 76-mm mountain gun model 1938 was produced in the Czech license, as even Soviet readers guessed, in the memoirs of V. Grabin. He, however, writes that, say, Yes, was purchased and the Czech gun, but this bad, then what did their Soviet and much better. But even from his text it is clear, as was actually the case.
the License was not purchased just for the gun company “Skoda” C-5, but on the howitzer D-5, which was adopted as the 107-mm mountain howitzer OBR. 1939, but in production before the war start did not.
The long-lived howitzer
the Soviet 122 mm howitzer mod. 1938, is still in service in many countries and actively used in hostilities.
Indicates that it developed under the guidance of F. F. Petrov. But KB Petrova got assmaintenance is not development, but only for revision 122 mm howitzer mod. 1934, fully Retaining the swinging part, it was necessary to introduce a sliding frame of the carriage and the piston stopper. Shutter set system Schneider, from 122-mm howitzers mod. 1910 Design beds borrowed from the 152-mm howitzer mod. 1931 (German license).
Itself a 122-mm howitzer arr. 1934, created in KB-2, where he worked invited German engineers. They used drawings export 12-cm Krupp howitzers.
the Name “Blue cruiser” residents of Sevastopol was given to the leader of destroyers “Tashkent”. He’s not much smaller cruiser, and had a characteristic blue color.
“Tashkent” one of the most famous ships of the great Patriotic war, he most often referred to in various works, fiction and non-fiction. But in Soviet times was not indicated in the plant, which “Tashkent” was built.
the Ship was built by order of the Soviet Union in Italy at the shipyard in Livorno. Launched in 1937, as part of the black sea fleet entered in 1939.
the Gun with the “revolutionary” name
What is the machine gun “Maxim” even children know. And it so happened that Soviet generation, thanks to the cinema, the Maxime somehow associated with the revolution and the civil war. But the name Maxim comes from the name of the inventor of the machine gun — American Hiram Maxim (Hiram Stevens Maxim).
Until 1904 Maxim machine guns were delivered to Russia from England. In Russia, the machine gun began to produce at the Tula factory only since 1904. The design was significantly simplified, and the result is the well known 7.62-mm machine gun mod. 1910
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