History 12/01/20 what Soviet partisans agreed with Bandera
Direct military clashes between the OUN* of Stepan Bandera and Soviet partisans happened in Volhynia and Polissia in January 1943. They continued in the spring, when the forces of the Ukrainian nationalists was formed in the UPA*. At that time Bandera has put forward the strategy of “dvuhromovo struggle” with the Soviet Union and Germany, but that confrontation with Moscow will be given priority.
March 7, 1943, a detachment of OUN attacked the Soviet partisans, who rested in Bohushi village. Several people were killed. After 2 days the group of Lieutenant Bazhanov tracked down and destroyed the attackers. During the battle, were killed and hundreds of Bandera. After this episode between the two sides there were constant skirmishes. The UPA tried to increase their area of influence and in April 1943, her troops penetrated into southern Belarus. Here they recruited several Pinsky fighters who killed Boris Michael — Commissar of the detachment. Suvorov.
In response, the Belarusian partisans from brigade. Molotov called in the UPA to negotiate. According to the memoirs of the commander of the Pinsk connection, Alexey Kleshchev, the enemy offered to surrender their weapons, they refused and started shooting. Guerrillas from the machine guns destroyed 70 nationalists, a month later, destroyed another group of 25 men.
Partisans Kovpak against the UPA
in June 1943 after the release of the compounds of Sidor Kovpak in the Carpathian RAID began full bipartisanly war. Bandera skillfully used the terrain, set up ambushes and attacked only the superior forces. In 1945, the prisoner was a prominent activity of the OUN, Alexander Lutsky, who commanded a large 6-thousand connection. During interrogations, Lutsky said his fighters after the first collision understand – partisans a dangerous enemy, whom it is better not to engage in direct combat. For example, in one of the clashes at full strength ran up Smoking “Black Haidamaks”.
the Battles with Bandera walked in the Rivne region, where 130 guerrilla detachment. Khrushchev fought with six hundred rebels. Commander of the Ivan Shitov recalled that the nationalists fight well, and depart, only if you have large losses. A major battle occurred near the village Teremno 25 July 1943. Against detachment. Mikhailov 400 guerrillas was made by the 2nd battalion of the UPA, numbering up to 1,000 soldiers. Commissioner connection, Ignat Kuzovkov, wrote: “it came almost to melee fights. Regardless of the victim, which caused our soldiers from hidden positions, they fought and fought, wanting to finish the surgery… They fight better than the Germans”.
had the Chernihiv-Volyn Union under the leadership of Alexey Fedorov. 21 October 1943 RAID of Kovpak was over, but close to the front line, the confrontation only intensified. In 1944 the command of the UPA took the decision to switch to the tactic of “small deeds” and to save your strength for a future confrontation with the NKVD. In the summer of 1944 the combined forces of the nationalists managed to block the input in Galicia 17 th connection of the guerrillas.
a guerrilla diplomacy
Not always a meeting of Ukrainian nationalists and the red partisans had ended in bloodshed. Often, they entered into negotiations and the peace agreement. Guerrilla intelligence appreciated the struggle of the OUN with the Nazis, which created the preconditions for the dialogue. Illustrative example of Commissioner of group Sidor Kovpaka, Rudneva Seeds, always trying to find a common language nationalists. On June 24-25, 1943, in crossing the Goryn river in the Rivne region, the guerrilla vanguard attacked the 500 soldiers of the UPA. Commissioner kovpakovtsev leaked a letter in which he said that they have a common goal – to destroy the Germans and asked the nationalists to retreat.
Despite the protests of the shell, held talks and the guerrillas conceded without a fight. After this incident, the Commissioner Rudnev developed the tactic of communication with the UPA, which is in its dnewnike described as: “to beat the Germans together, live apart”. This should reject any political negotiations. Rudnev believed that fighting with local rebels, the guerrillas set up residents against the USSR, which was achieved by the Nazis.
Secretary of the Rivne underground regional Committee Vasily Begma reported to the Center that individual commanders entered into negotiations with the field commanders of the UPA and concludes with them agreements on neutrality.
the Agitation and collection of information
the guerrilla war campaigning plays a significant role. Belarus commanders entered into negotiations with collaborators, which singly and in groups joined the war with the Nazis. In Western Ukraine, such tactics have not worked. Both sides tried to spread out and draw on the connection side of the enemy, but the usual methods did not work.
One of the former UPA fighters remembered that the Reds believe in victory of Moscow and are not amenable to propaganda, and to communicate with them only by a bullet. In the Ukrainian villages the guerrillas were engaged in gathering information on local activists of the nationalist movement and find out the names of those who are fighting in the ranks of the UPA. According to the archives in the KGB received information on 2583 nationalists.
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