What kind of Russians

History 16/02/20 Boris Savinovskih the Russians “stole” the agents of the NKVD in the West

the Soviet secret service had a hard struggle with the white guard emigration to prevent and suppress any anti-Soviet action on her part. It was propaganda to make some layers of the emigration loyal to the Union, and spy activities, to be aware of the planned actions, and the physical elimination of the most dangerous leaders. For this last, the security forces often resorted to the method of provocation with the aim to entice the desired person from exile in the Soviet Union and here to eliminate it. Some of the most high-profile “kidnapping” of the NKVD of the sort.

Boris Savinkov

Before the revolution – the head of the terrorist organization of the party of socialists-revolutionaries (SRS). In 1917 under the Provisional government – the companion of the Minister of war. After the October revolution started to create an underground organization “Union of protection of Motherland and freedom”, prepared in July 1918, a series of uprisings in Yaroslavl, Murom, Rybinsk and other cities of the Central industrial region of Russia. The uprising was defeated. Savinkov did not stop the underground struggle against the power of the Bolsheviks, but in 1920 was forced to emigrate permanently.

abroad Savinkov restored “the Union of protection of Motherland and freedom”. It was not blocked with the majority of emigration, as it took a Republican and moderate socialist position. At the same time not United it with most of the socialist-revolutionaries and Mensheviks, because they believed that the Bolsheviks could be overthrown only by force. With the aim to neutralize Savinkov GPU has developed the operation “Syndicate-2”. In 1922 the Cheka was able to take a coherent Savinkov, bound for Soviet Russia for the organization of the underground. Under the threat of shooting the messenger agreed to be a provocateur. OGPU sent to Poland, where he lived Savinkov, courier, allegedly from savinovskogo coherent with the message, if he had been able to establish contact with a major underground organization, preparing the overthrow of Soviet power. She supposedly only needed an experienced head in the face of Savinkov.

Savinkov was an experienced underground worker, and did not believe immediately. However, security officers were also not born yesterday, and in the end, their emissaries managed to outwit Savinkov. The one in August of 1924 illegally arrived in the USSR and was arrested in Minsk agents of the OGPU. Soon after the court sentenced him to death, replaced, however, by the Presidium of the CEC of the USSR for 10 years to life in prison. In prison Savinkova was given a separate comfortable room. The woman was allowed to visit him and stay with him. 7 may 1925 Savinkov was killed. According to the official version, he committed suicide by jumping out the window from the 5th floor. There is a version that Savinkov was killed by the guards.

Russian General Military Union (EMRO)

It was the most prestigious military organization of white emigration, uniting a considerable part of the officers. In EMRO maintained the traditional Russian military hierarchy, the production ranks, there were military schools for youth, etc. His main task EMRO considered preparation for the time when members will be able to produce military intervention in the USSR to overthrow the Bolsheviks. The first Chairman of the EMRO was General P. N. Wrangell. After his death in 1928, the organization was headed by the General A. P. Kutepov.

on 26 January 1930 the General, walking along the Seine, mysteriously disappeared. A veteran of the Soviet intelligence General P. A. Sudoplatov in his memoirs claimed that Kutepova was stopped by two agents of the OGPU, dressed by the French police, under the pretext of verification of documents and tried to kidnap him, having jostled in the car. Kutepov resisted and died supposedly of a heart attack. According to the writer C. S. Rybas, Kutepov was secretly buried after that in some private garden. Journalist Leonid Mlechin says that Kutepov died on the boat on the way from Marseille to Novorossiysk.

22 September 1937, agents of the NKVD orchestrated the kidnapping of Kutepov’s successor – General E. K. Miller. Miller was allegedly lured to a meeting with the German diplomats by General N. In. By skoblin – KGB agent of the NKVD wanted to spend in the place of Miller. Miller was taken in the Soviet Union, however, plans to promote a person to the post of the Chairman of the EMRO security officers had to leave – Miller managed to inform their colleagues who arranged for him to meet, and Skoblin was exposed. Miller was taken to a Soviet ship in Soviet Union, where he was sentenced to death and executed on 11 may 1939.

Konstantin Rodzaevsky

During the revolution he was only ten years old, so active participation in those events was not accepted. However, in 1925, fled from the Soviet Union to China, in Manchuria (prior to that, he lived in Blagoveshchensk on the Amur). In exile, he joined one of the military white guard organizations, and then, fascinated, like many at that time, the ideology of Italian fascism, created the “all-Russian fascist party” (later “the Russian fascist Union”, RFU), the permanent “leader” which was until 1943. The RFU has become one of the mass political organizations of Russian emigration, numbering more than 30,000 members in five parts of the world.

Rodzaevsky had high hopes for a military intervention of Germany and Japan in the Soviet Union and collaborated with Japanese intelligence, even met with the leaders of the government of the Mikado. This, however, did not save him from temporary arrest by the Japanese in 1943 on suspicion of spying for the USSR and the ban of his organization. Before the occupation by Soviet troops in Manchuria in August 1945 Rodzaevsky went to Shanghai. Here, experiencing disappointment in all of his previous work, wrote a penitential letter to Stalin and the commander of the Transbaikal front R. Ya. Malinovsky, tried to get in touch with the NKVD, he soon succeeded. Rodzaevsky compared Stalin with Russian autocrats, Vasilievsky power. Soviet agents were promised Rodzaevsky the opportunity without fear of persecution, to return to the USSR and to work in the field of Patriotic propaganda. In early October 1945, Rodzaevsky was granted asylum on the territory of the USSR Embassy in Beijing, 25 Oct flew to Moscow, where, however, was immediately arrested.

Rodzaevsky was accused of working for the Japanese intelligence together with a group of emigres from China, headed by former Transbaikal ataman G. M. Semenov. They were all taken during the RAID, SMERSH in August 1945 in Manchuria, and only Rodzaevsky was lured to the USSR with promises of Amnesty for previous actions. It should be noted that Rodzaevsky’s participation in the Civil war were not adopted, and the members of his organization was not engaged in subversive and terrorist activities in the territory of the USSR. However, in August 1946, Rodzaevsky, together with the other defendants in the case, was sentenced to death and executed.

Yaroslav Butakov

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